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Steel construction

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... embrittlement. Chemical processing equipment Installing ASTM A36 Brittle fracture Background Galvanized A36 steel anchor bolts fabricated by cold bending failed during installation in a chemical plant construction project. Applications Galvanized steel anchor bolts are commonly used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Metallographic features of wire ropes that failed because of ductile overload and fatigue are described. Fractography Metallography Wire rope 1074 UNS G10740 Ductile fracture Fatigue fracture Among load-bearing steel constructs, wire ropes and cables are possibly the most widely used and most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Six cracked A36 steel gusset plates that formed part of the roof trusses of a large manufacturing facility were discovered during a routine final inspection of a new building construction. Two different-size plates from different locations in the building were removed and tested...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of acceptable performance for the intended application. It was recommended that use of the 410 screws be discontinued in preference to the case-hardened carbon steel screws. Skyscrapers Steel construction 140 UNS S41000 Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Intergranular fracture Background...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... onto the opposite support. The fracture was a grainy forced rupture that propagated from one of the fillet welds. Investigation showed a steel was selected for this important construction that was prone to aging and that in fact had aged through cold deformation during straightening and then was welded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract The corner of a welded sheet construction made from austenitic corrosion-resistant chromium-nickel steel showed corrosive attack of the outer sheet. This attack was most severe at the points subjected to the greatest heat during welding. Particularly large amounts of weld metal had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... and truss materials, and mechanical testing of the truss material. It was concluded that substandard structural components in combination with faulty construction was responsible for this service failure. Angle iron Fabrication defects Roofing Trusses Structural steel (Other, miscellaneous...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
..., and this could have been a further factor which promoted failure. It was suggested that the design and construction could be improved by either making the component in one piece or, if it was desired, to adapt a standard eyebolt. Bolts Design Carbon-manganese steel Joining-related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... outside of the weld seam closely under the head. Neither one had been particularly deformed before fracture. The composition of the head pieces corresponded approximately to manganese steel (Material No. 1 0845), a weldable construction steel with increased yield point and strength, while the shafts were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... was probably as good as was available at the time the ship was constructed, it was very inferior when compared with modern steel. The notch toughness showed a very low value (4 J) for the steel at the water temperature (-2 deg C) in the North Atlantic at the time of the accident. Nonmetallic inclusions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... to the outer surface of the cylinders. Fig. 1 Cylindrical column of arc-welded ASTM A36 steel for a sky-tower observatory that cracked during construction because of high residual stresses and stress raisers in the welds. (a) Design of section-to-section weld joint showing the circumferential girth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
.... These wide plate tests were designed to assess the susceptibility of large plates to brittle fracture crack initiation in the presence of welding defects. An LPG tank operates at −40°C. BS 4741 specifies the plate thickness and the test requirements to qualify the steel plates for the construction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in the tank to select a more suitable construction material for the new tanks. Among the material s tested were as-welded coupons of type 316L (UNS S31603) stainless steel and Alloy 20Cb® [1] (UNS NO8020). Both materials exhibited virtually no corrosion and no preferential weld attack. Copper had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Standard Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength . ASTM International , West Conshohocken ( 2011 ) 12. AISC S342. Load and Resistance Factor Design Specification for Structural Steel Buildings . American Institute of Steel Construction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract Metallographic studies found that steel used to fabricate the U.S.S. Arizona battleship during original construction, 1913-1915 and reconstruction, 1929-1931 were consistent with the best materials available during each time period. Due to the force of the forward magazine detonation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... seam. The cracks only appeared where the originally deposited bead was remelted in the regions of overlap. Given the construction and welding technique used, it would have been preferable to make the nipples of a steel lower in sulfur content. However, by taking advantage of all the potential...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract Two cases of failure of centrifuge baskets were investigated. The first involved a centrifuge running at approximately 1000 rpm. The basket was constructed from a perforated sheet of stainless steel rolled into a cylinder and joined by a single vee longitudinal weld. Detailed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0090639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract Cracks initiating from the tip of the cloverleaf pattern in steel cargo tiedown sockets were observed by the builder following installation aboard several cargo vessels in various stages of construction. Testing of finite element models and measurements performed in the field on cargo...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A nuclear steam-generator vessel constructed of 100-mm thick SA302, grade B, steel was found to have a small leak. The leak originated in the circumferential closure weld joining the transition cone to the upper shell. The welds had been fabricated from the outside by the submerged arc...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... was a construction steel of 60 to 75 kp/sq mm strength. Thick-walled parts of steels of such high strength must be preheated to approximately 200 deg C along the edges prior to welding to minimize the strong heat losses by the cold mass of the part. In the case under investigation this either was not done at all...