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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Chain link, a part of a mechanism for transferring hot or cold steel blooms into and out of a reheating furnace, broke after approximately four months of service. The link was cast from 2% Cr austenitic manganese steel and was subjected to repeated heating to temperatures of 455 to 595...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A resistance-welded chain link made from 16 mm diam 4615 steel failed while lowering a 9070 kg load of billets into a rail car after being in service for 13 months. Beach marks, typical of fatigue were found to have originated at the inside of the link which broke at the weld. Cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Several thousands of new 16 mm diam alloy steel sling chains used for handling billets failed by chain-link fractures. No failures were found to have occurred before delivery of the new chains. It was observed that the links had broken at the weld. It was found that all failures had...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Resistance-welded 4615 steel chain link that broke because of a weld defect. (a) A fracture surface of the chain link showing fatigue beach marks (arrow) progressing across the surface from the inside of the link. (b) Nital-etched longitudinal section through the link showing fracture More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Fracture surface of cast 10-cm (4-in.) high-strength low-alloy steel chain link that failed because of internal hydrogen-assisted cracking. Note hydrogen flake. 0.25× More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048068
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... measure, the chain-sling hook was replaced with one made of normalized, fully killed, finegrain 1020 steel. Acicular structure Cranes Normalizing (heat treatment) 1015 UNS G10150 Metalworking-related failures Fatigue fracture A hook on a two-leg chain broke while lifting a 4990-kg (11,000...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Following three similar failures of load chains on manually operated geared pulley-blocks of 1-ton capacity, a portion of one of the chains was obtained for examination. The chain was made of mild steel and the links had been electrically butt-welded at one side. In the case...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Reheating-furnace chain link, sand cast from austenitic manganese steel, that failed by brittle fracture, because material was not stable at operating temperatures. (a) Chain link showing location of fracture. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Macrograph of a nital-etched specimen from More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of second fracture surface, showing ductile tensile failure dimples. 2000×. Fig. 1 As-received chain link. 2×. Fig. 2 Fracture surface through weld joint. 3×. Fig. 3 Fracture opposite weld joint. 3×. Abstract An ASTM A391 steel chain link of an over head hoist failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... operating stress if they had been welded satisfactorily and hardened correctly, and whether it made any sense to case harden highly stressed chains of this type. Chains Gas carburizing Wear Welded joints Steel chain Joining-related failures (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) wear Heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract A 10-cm (4-in.) chain link used in operating a large dragline bucket failed after several weeks in service. The link was made of cast low-alloy steel (similar to ASTM A487, class 10Q) that had been normalized, hardened, and tempered to give a yield strength of approximately 1034 MPa...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a limited area. The types of metal components used in lifting equipment include gears, shafts, drums and sheaves, brakes and brake wheels, couplings, bearings, wheels, electrical switchgear, chains, steel wire rope, and hooks. This article will primarily deal with many of these metal components of lifting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Failure occurred by fatigue cracking of links from chains which were used to replace the ropes on grabs of the multirope type. In the first example, the links were made from high tensile steel rod. The fracture in the side of the link was duplex in appearance one half of the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., and Fittings Low-carbon steel chains are in wide use and are generally acceptable. However, to ensure a greater margin of safety, alloy steel chains with a hardness of 302 to 352 HB are recommended for normal use. Chain hooks are usually made of a grade of steel similar to that of the chain assembly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract While a chain sling was being used to lift a casting one of the links ruptured. The sling, reputed to be of the electrically-welded steel type, was at least eight years old and had been overhauled several times during its working life. Examination showed the links were scarf-welded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A chain link which was part of the hoisting mechanism of a drop hammer broke after three or four months of service. It was reportedly manufactured of the heat resistant steel 30 Cr-Mo-V 9 (Material No. 1.7707). The fracture of the chain link had a conchoidal structure and ran along...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Hardness properties of selected carbon steels in the hot-rolled, normalized, and annealed conditions Table 1 Hardness properties of selected carbon steels in the hot-rolled, normalized, and annealed conditions AISI grade Condition or treatment Hardness, HB 1015 As-rolled 126...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract The 16 mm diam 6 x 37 fiber-core improved plow steel wire rope on a scrapyard crane failed after two weeks of service under normal loading conditions. This type of rope was made of 0.71 to 0.75% carbon steel wires and a tensile strength of 1696 to 1917 MPa. The rope broke when...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract The link which failed was a special long one connecting a grab chain to a swivel. It was made from En 14A steel and in continuous use for two years. On one of the fracture faces the chisel edge weld preparation was clearly visible and the crack progression markings present indicated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0047432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract The conveyor chain link failed by fracturing through a fabrication weld after some time in service. The link was made of cast low-alloy steel heat treated to a hardness of 285 HRB. The fabrication weld was made using E7018 electrodes. The fracture surfaces were almost entirely covered...