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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract When a steam turbine was put out of service, cracks were noticed on many of the blades in the low pressure section round the stabilization bolts and perpendicular to the blade axis. The blades were made from chrome alloy steel X20-Cr13 (Material No. 1.402). When the bolts were brazed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract Fusing of the switch contacts of a boiler feed pump drive motor led to the failure of a turbine. After rubbing of most of the Ni-Cr steel LP wheels had occurred, due to the admission of water carried over with the steam, a copper-rich alloy from the interstage gland rings melted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract An A-470 steel rotor disk was removed from the high-pressure portion of a steam turbine-powered compressor after nondestructive testing revealed cracks in the shoulder of the disk during a scheduled outage. Samples containing cracks were examined using various methods. Multiple cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract The intermediate pressure (IP) turbine of a thermal generating station is driven by steam from the boiler's reheater. On one particular IP turbine, a thick deposit was found on the insides of the rotor blade shrouds in two instances two years apart. The source of the deposits...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... velocities. In the present study, steam turbine condenser tubes had to be renewed after 25 years of service. The tubes were nominally of 70:30 brass. The appearance of a typically corroded one showed uniform dezincification attack on the bore, extending from one-half to two-thirds through the tube wall...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Numerous cracks observed on the surface of a forged A470 Class 4 alloy steel steam turbine rotor disc from an air compressor in a nitric acid plant were found to be the result of caustic induced stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). No material defects or anomalies were observed in the disc...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Numerous flaws were detected in a steam turbine rotor during a scheduled inspection and maintenance outage. A fracture-mechanics-based analysis of the flaws showed that the rotor could not be safely returned to service. Material, samples from the bore were analyzed to evaluate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A steam turbine developed excessive noise and vibration during routine operation. It was found that the nut that locked the turbine disk In place had worked its way out from the threads and the disk had come of the shaft. Examination of the locking mechanism indicated that its design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0089663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A crack was discovered in a cast steel (ASTM A 356, grade 6) steam turbine casing during normal overhaul of the turbine. The mechanical properties of the casting all exceeded the requirements of the specification. When the fracture surface was examined visually, an internal-porosity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Steam turbines Wear tests Sn-13.5Sb-6.0Cu Sn-11.9Sb-4.5Cu Babbit (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) wear 1. Introduction The reliable operation of sliding bearings determines to a considerable extent the life and reliable operation of the steam turbine as a whole. 1 , 2 The cases...
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 1 Steam turbine-generator unit. (a) Single turbine rotor connected to a generator rotor. (b) Cross section of the turbine rotor. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 9 Two portions of a modified type 403 stainless steel steam turbine blade damaged by liquid impingement erosion. The portion at left was protected by a shield of 1 mm (0.04 in.) thick rolled Stellite 6B brazed onto the leading edge of the blade; the portion at right was unprotected More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 10 Surface appearance at low magnification of a steam turbine blade eroded by water droplets. (a) 12% Cr steel blade material. (b) Stellite 6B shield More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Electrical wear on the surface of a thrust bearing from a steam turbine. The microscopic pitting is caused by sparking from electric current. Actual size More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Copper alloy C26000 steam-turbine condenser tube that failed by dezincification. (a) Section through condenser tube showing dezincification of inner surface. 3 1 2 ×. (b) Etched specimen from the tube showing corroded porous region at the top and unaffected region below. 100× More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 10 Photograph of an opened stress-corrosion crack in a steam turbine rotor disk. SCC, stress-corrosion cracking More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 13 Photograph of an opened stress-corrosion crack in a steam turbine disk. Dashed line highlights the crack-arrest mark observed on the fracture surface. More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 25 Photograph of a cross section removed from the steam turbine disk. Stress-corrosion cracking (arrows) initiated at the blade root lands of the blade attachment. More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 27 Micrographs of stress-corrosion cracking in a steam turbine rotor disk. Original magnification: (a) 100× and (b) 500×. Micrograph in (b) is a magnified view of the area within the box in (a). More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 9 Two portions of a modified type 403 stainless steel steam turbine blade damaged by liquid impingement erosion. The portion at left was protected by a 1 mm (0.04 in.) thick shield made of rolled Stellite 6B brazed onto the leading edge of the blade; the portion at right was unprotected More