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Steam preheaters

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0047529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... Abstract A weld that attached the head to the shell of a preheater containing steam at 1.4 MPa (200 psi) and was used in the manufacture of paper cracked in service. The original joint contained a 6.4 by 50 mm backing ring that had been tack welded to the inside surface of the shell in a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A spindle made of hardenable 13% chromium steel X40 Cr13 (Material No. 1.4034) that was fastened to a superheated steam push rod made of high temperature structural steel 13Cr-Mo44 (Material No. 1.7335) by means of a convex fillet weld, fractured at the first operation of the rod...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract An SB407 alloy 800H tube failed at a 100 deg bend shortly after startup of a new steam superheater. Three bends failed and one bend remote from the failure area was examined. Visual examination showed that the fracture started on the outside surface along the inside radius of the bend...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract Steel pipes, used for years in a food factory soft water preheater, were found to leak as a result of corrosion. The pipes, made of 18/8 steel, were immersed in steam maintained at 0.5 atm and 150 deg C. They carried desalinated process water, heating it to approximately 100 deg C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... temperature in the combustor is maintained between 925 and 980 °C (1700 and 1800 °F). The system is run with an excess of oxygen. The combustion gases then pass through a fire boiler, which produces about 450 kg/h (1000 lb/h) saturated steam. When the gases leave the boiler, the temperature has been reduced...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article explains the main types and characteristic causes of failures in boilers and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid with examples. It focuses on the distinctive features of each type that enable the failure analyst to...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... significant problem in just a few kinds of engineering systems: blades in the low-pressure ends of steam turbines where the steam is “wet,” and aircraft, missiles, and helicopter rotors flying at high speeds through rainstorms. Much research has been devoted to liquid-droplet erosion, and good summaries can...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are present: Incompatible composition and microstructure (high hardenability or carbon equivalent) High restraint High hydrogen content in the weld zone High tensile stress (residual or applied) High weld travel speed Absence of preheat or postheat Low interpass temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... contained high thermal stresses that resulted from injection of steam a short distance upstream from the coupling. Chemical analysis revealed that the cast Monel coupling had a silicon content of 1.97%, whereas the wrought Monel piping had a silicon content of 0.10%. Castings of high-silicon Monel generally...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... concentration) or an alteration of the environment. When the cause of failure is inadvertent concentration of a corrodent or inadvertent exposure of the part to a corrosive foreign substance, such as use of a steam line to feed concentrated caustic during chemical cleaning, the preventive measure may be no more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... process piping and vessels Manufacturing: Steel components subjected to caustic environments in pulp and paper equipment, sensitized stainless steel piping in food processing or dairy industries Power generation: Alloy steel used for steam turbine rotors/discs, carbon and alloy steel components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... lacelike pattern of total metal loss. These steel tubes are from a boiler feedwater heater feeding a deaerator. As part of the boiler-water treatment program, it was decided to inject a chelate to control scale formation in the boiler tubes. Unfortunately, the chelate was added ahead of the preheater...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Unfortunately, the chelate was added ahead of the preheater, where the boiler water still contained oxygen (O 2 ). As the chelate removed iron oxide, the O 2 formed more iron oxide, and this uniform dissolution of steel reduced the tubing to the totally corroded condition shown. Moving the chelate addition to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1