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Static mechanical property

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... this article is on the various types of static load testing, hardness testing, and impact testing. Other specialized testing, such as wear testing, dynamic (high-strain-rate) testing, elevated-temperature creep/stress rupture, residual stress, fracture mechanics, and fatigue testing, are potentially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... material behaves in a brittle manner. Therefore, it has much less crack-blunting capability and will be more susceptible to geometric stress concentrations in static loading. A typical overload fracture surface transverse to the rolling direction of an actual component was shown in Fig. 1 . The inclusions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the bending test that was performed in the laboratory. The intent was to fully understand the stress concentration positions and how the load was being dissipated along the club. This is a static model and does not incorporate high rate effects in the golf club. Although these effects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-designed mechanically fastened joint, the fastener may be subjected to either static loading (overload) or dynamic fatigue loading. Static loading may be tension, shear, bending, or torsion—either singly or in combination. Dynamic forces may result from impact or from cyclic fatigue loading, including...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... performance of cartwheel. Dynamic fracture toughness Fatigue property Performance evaluation Railroad wheels Static mechanical property Fe-0.55C-0.73Mn Fe-0.60C-0.85Mn Fe-0.5C-0.7Mn Rolling-contact wear Spalling wear Fatigue fracture The railway system in China plays a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... alternating component of approximately 13 MPa peak-to-peak caused by mechanical and hydraulic vibration. This alternating component amounted to about 1% of the static stress. When the ruptured valve body was examined, several crack initiation sites were found along the edge of the fracture within the cut...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... over the fatigue limit of the material. A strain gage static loading test verified FEM results, and finite element techniques were applied in the design of reinforcing members to renovate the frames. Material properties were determined and welding procedures specified for the reinforcing members...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides information on the development of finite element analysis (FEA) and describes the general-purpose applications of FEA software programs in structural and thermal, static and transient, and linear and nonlinear analyses. It discusses special-purpose finite element...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... stresses to be only functions of x and y . The stress transformation technique can be illustrated easily in two dimensions by using the principles of statics. In two dimensions, only three of the six stress components are used: σ x , σ y , τ xy . These can be shown on a 2D stress element ( Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... transformation technique can be illustrated easily in two dimensions by using the principles of statics. In two dimensions, only three of the six stress components are used: σ x , σ y , τ xy . These can be shown on a 2D stress element, Fig. 4a , where x is a horizontal component and y a vertical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... areas contributed significantly to failures. Landing gears are designed to absorb the loads associated with landing and taxiing, and the analyses are usually validated by drop, static strength and fatigue tests. The energy absorbing criteria and the limit loads appeared to be generally adequate for...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... conversion. Parts produced from the previous material, a nylon 6/6 resin, had consistently passed the testing regimen. The housing assembly included a spring clip, which applied a static force on a molded-in boss extending from the main body of the housing. Grease was applied liberally within the housing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... analysis may be summarized as follows: (1) The static stress in the pipeline was at 42% of the specified minimum yield strength of the steel; (2) The pipeline steel at the fracture origin site had a hardness in excess of 600KHN and an ultimate tensile strength in excess of 270Ksi (1863MPa), which was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... stage for the mechanism for increasing the tank pressure which during loading would normally not have exceeded 827 kPa (120 psi) and during transport would not have exceeded the vapor pressure of butadiene (considerably below 827 kPa, or 120 psi). The most likely source of ignition was static...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... dynamics of a fracture event (quasi-static versus dynamic/impact loading) In this article, the basic types of fracture processes (ductile, brittle, fatigue, and creep) are described briefly, principally in terms of fracture appearances (as sometimes affected by the microstructure). More in-depth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... several high strength alloys Microstructural feature Specific aspects Effects on fracture path Effects on fracture mechanics properties Phase morphology in α-β titanium alloys Change from α and β grains to α in β Crack branching and irregularity greatly increased Higher K Ic and K...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... immune from changes in material properties from mechanical strain, gross damage, and change in material microstructure or embrittlement. Complex engineering failures also may result from simultaneous multiple alterations. When dealing with a fracture (not all failures are fractures), the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Corrosion is the electrochemical reaction of a material and its environment. This article addresses those forms of corrosion that contribute directly to the failure of metal parts or that render them susceptible to failure by some other mechanism. Various forms of corrosion covered are...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... time of failure were: Water temperature: below 4 °C (40 °F) Water pressure (static): 310 kPa (45 psi) Normal water hammer: 100 kPa (15 psi) Air release valves: possibly closed due to freezing conditions The water line was constructed of 1830 mm (72 in.) OD × 13 mm (0.500 in.) wall...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... load is applied slowly; consequently, the dynamic fracture toughness is a more conservative value than the static value for design calculations. The results of the fatigue crack growth rate testing reveal two phenomenon: The first is the increase in crack growth rates as the temperature lowers. The...