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Stampings

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...Abstract Abstract A stamped coin exhibited visible discolored areas, seen as a tan haze on the surface. The discoloration was considered merely cosmetic. The nonstained and stained regions were studied using SEM/EDS. Greater amounts of aluminum and magnesium were found in the stained area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Failure of AISI 1015 steel brake discs used in power transmissions in emergency winches was investigated using various testing methods. The failed discs were stampings that had replaced cast discs. Residual stresses in the fillets of new cast and new stamped brake discs were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... steel within the ranges given in ASTM A 186. Visual examination of the broken wheel revealed that cracks ran parallel with the base of the lower row of numbers stamped with heavy indentation on the web section. Microscopic examination showed the metal in the web, rim, and tread to be in the normalized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Grease-wiper springs for cams formed from stampings of 0.25-mm thick carbon spring steel (0.65 to 0.80% C) fractured at the 0.025 mm radius on the stamped 135 deg corner at a 90 deg bend after 5,000,000 cycles. Tool marks 2 to 2.3 mm from the center of the stamped bend were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... is described in specimens made of clad aluminum sheet of alloy type AlZnMgCu1.5. Addressed are a dimple with partially missing stamped surface (bell-mouth), a cylindrical prominence because the dimpling force was too great and the stamping cylinder force too low, and a dimple with flashes at the top surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... stamped out of a sheet made from a 55 kp/sq mm strength steel. The saw blades were used for separating steel profiles at high rotational speeds. The cracks in question were located at the base of the teeth, i.e. at the point of highest operating stress. Metallographic examination showed that all cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract A crane hook was stamped S.W.L. 3 tons and, while its main dimensions were in approximate accordance with those specified in B.S. 482 for a hook of this capacity, its shape in some respects was not exactly in conformity with that recommended. At the time of fracture, the load...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... for the manufacture of components by the hot stamping process. Microscopic examination indicated failure from dezincification. The fact that the screwed end was not affected indicated that the trouble was not caused by the condensate, which flowed through the elbow, but originated from the water heated in the vessel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract An automotive front-wheel outer angular-contact ball bearing generated considerable noise shortly after delivery of the vehicle. The inner and outer rings were made of seamless cold-drawn 52100 steel tubing, the balls were forged from 52100 steel, and the retainer was stamped...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract The AISI 1080 steel crankshaft of a large-capacity double-action stamping press broke in service and was repair welded. Shortly after the crankshaft was returned to service, the repair weld fractured. The repair-weld fracture was examined ultrasonically which revealed many...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A two-section extension ladder, made from 6061-T6 aluminum alloy extrusions and stampings that were riveted together at each rung location and at the ends of side rails, broke in service after having been used at the sites of several fires by the fire department of a large...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and background evidence obtained indicated failure due to cracking initiated by stamped markings on the pipe wall and extended by high circumferential residual stresses. It was recommended that annealed pipe be used. Cracking (fracturing) Pipe fittings Plumbing Transgranular fracture 230 UNS C23000...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Confirm if wrinkles restricting metal flow are on the draw panel but are ultimately trimmed. This may be the root cause of splits on the finished part. Wrinkling of high-strength metal can damage tooling, affecting all future stampings. Compare the cut quality on the blank edges with the blank retained...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... originated because of a highly stressed condition produced by a sharp corner combined with low toughness from ineffective tempering. It was recommended that 25 other inserts that belonged to the same die be double tempered. Automotive components Die drawing Die stamping Forming dies D2 UNS T30402...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... “Supplemental Articles,” in this online Volume). Tool and Die Characteristics Steels used for tools and dies differ from most other steels in several aspects. First, they are used in the manufacture of other products by a variety of forming processes (stamping, shearing, punching, rolling, bending...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... tool steel hammer head that cracked during heat treatment. The fracture was caused by quench cracking that was promoted by the decarburized surface and deep stamp mark (arrows). Actual size. (b) Macroetched disk cut from the head of the sledgehammer. The heavily decarburized surface is revealed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fracture. 6×. (c) Etch pits in surface. 100× Fig. 17 Wiper spring that fractured at a small-radius corner of a stamped bend. (a) Configuration and dimensions (given in inches) of the spring. (b) SEM micrograph showing a forming crack (arrow) in the 135° corner on a new spring. 200×. (c) SEM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0048169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... from the radii at the intersections of the tab and washer, and at one place on the sheared edge of the stamping. Microscopic examination of the radial cracks showed a slight amount of plastic deformation, with the short surface between the fractures pushed toward the concave side. The two cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... found to exhibit similar crack patterns. Several of these “new” shields were also subjected to bend tests which resulted in similar results to those obtained on cracked shields. Fig. 11 High Residual Stress Areas of Stamped-Out-of-Sheet Part Since the cracking was found in supposedly brand...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...) Higher magnification of Fig. 10 . Fig. 11 Schematic view of fracture surface for SEM fractographs. Region 1, Fig. 12 , Ref 7 , 10 , 9 . Regions 2 and 3, Fig. 6 . Region 4, Fig. 13 . Fig. 12 (a) Low-magnification fractograph showing bolt hole B. Note stamping marks and thread...