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Stainless steels, bonding

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The components comprised circular cylinders fabricated by plating a thin layer of silver on each of the contact surfaces (uranium and stainless steel) and pressing the parts together at elevated temperature to solid-state bond the two silver surfaces. The manufacturing process produced a high level of residual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... braze that the filler metal had not covered all mating surfaces. Lack of a metallurgical bond between the brazing alloy and stainless steel and instead mechanical bonding of the filler metal to an oxide layer on the stainless steel surface was revealed by examination of the broken joint at the cup...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0047917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of AISI type 440C stainless steel, with a plastic material between the two. The plastic material was bonded to the outer ring. Fig. 1 Plastic-lined stainless steel spherical bearing for a hydrofoil that failed by corrosion fatigue. (a) Construction of bearing and location of fractures. Dimensions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... contained any stainless steel from the spacer. Other items for investigation were the nature of the bond between the galled spot and the inner cone and any evidence of overtempering or rehardening resulting from localized overheating. Analysis (visual inspection, electron probe x-ray microanalysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
...Abstract Abstract Several air heat exchangers failed in service in a pulp and paper operation. The tubes were made from AISI 316 stainless steel with an extruded aluminum fin mechanically bonded to the outside. Originally, the failures were blamed on poor tube to header welds. The units were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and the braze, which indicated a poor metallurgical bond. Fig. 1 Type 347 stainless steel pressure-probe housing that failed by fatigue fracture because of voids in a brazed joint. (a) Photograph of opening produced in housing by detachment of a segment at time of fracture. 5 1 4 ×. Large region...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and propagated into the stainless steel cladding. No TGSCC was in the nickel-iron bond layer. These cracks formed after the penetration of primary TGSCC from the clad surface. Chemical analyses of the materials and the corrosion deposits of the segments are summarized in Table 1 . Both the affected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Upon withdrawal a few weeks later, it was noted that the faying surfaces were not bonded and were completely free of any traces of the silver braze filler metals. Fabricators were again faced with a limited choice of braze filler metals to join the stainless steels. Manufacturers of low-temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in Figure 2 . Fig. 1 The APS storage ring vacuum chamber. Three small round cooling holes are seen here. Fig. 2 Transition assemblies made from 3003 aluminum roll-bonded to stainless steel (top). SEM and x-ray EDS was used to survey the corrosion regions ( Figs. 3 and 4 ). Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract The failure during use of a seat on a heavy-duty swing set at an elementary school was investigated. The seat contained a perforated reinforcing sheet metal (galvanized type 430 stainless steel) insert covered by an elastomeric material. Specimens of the reinforcing sheet from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... sheet in a nitric acid condenser was removed from service because of corrosion. The tube sheet was fabricated from 8.25 nun (0.325 in.) thick E-Brite, which was explosively bonded to 67.95 mm (2.675 in.) thick Ferralium. The compositions of these two stainless steel materials are given in Table 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sufficient to fracture the screws in ductile overload. Example 2: Forming Cracks on Stainless Steel Wire. Cold-drawn 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) diameter type 303 stainless steel wire sections failed during a forming operation. All wires failed at a gradual 90° bend. Investigation High-magnification...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Example 2: Forming Cracks on Stainless Steel Wire Cold-drawn type 303 stainless steel wire sections, 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) in diameter, failed during a forming operation. All of the wires failed at a gradual 90° bend. Investigation High-magnification visual examination disclosed many fine ruptures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., the metallographer could use alumina paper, an alumina stone on a dedicated high-speed grinder, metal- or resin-bonded diamond discs, stainless steel mesh cloth (diamond is applied during use), RGDs (diamond is applied during use), or lapping platens of several types (diamond is applied and becomes embedded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...) Unetched section through damaged area showing undercut pitting typical of impingement attack. Original magnification: 100× Fig. 9 Type 304 stainless steel integral-finned tube that cracked from chlorides and high residual stresses. (a) Section of integral-finned tube showing major crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of the radionuclide activity in the basin water. Figure 1 shows the Mark 22 assembly in the Vertical Tube Storage (VTS) section of K-reactor basin. The fuel rods are suspended underwater from 304-L stainless steel hangers. Note the nodules of aluminum oxide in scratches on the outer surface of the assemblies...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , Colloque 8, Vol 5 , 1995 , p 1193 – 1198 18. Akhtar A. , Rao A.S. , and Kung D. , Cavitation Erosion of Stainless Steel, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloy Weld Overlay Materials , Coatings and Bimetallics for Aggressive Environments , Sisson R.D. Jr. Ed., American Society...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-4%Zr-2%Mo. The specimen was not etched. Fig. 22 Light micrographs depicting (a) excessive and (b) low relief around voids in a braze between an austenitic stainless steel and Monel. The specimen was etched with glyceregia. Fig. 23 Light micrograph showing 6 μm diamond (arrows...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... intergranular corrosion has occurred, which greatly weakens the atomic bonding forces at the grain. The stress caused by the thermal shock that is due to welding initiates cracks at the weakened grain boundaries. Six specimens were selected from four failed type 304L stainless steel impeller castings...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 2.6 Point 3, control area 21.4 33.4 nd nd nd 16.7 24.1 4.5 nd, not detected X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy atomic concentrations (at.%) Table 4 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy atomic concentrations (at.%) Sample C N O Si Cr Fe Ni Stainless steel 44.6 1.6...