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Spindles

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A spindle made of hardenable 13% chromium steel X40 Cr13 (Material No. 1.4034) that was fastened to a superheated steam push rod made of high temperature structural steel 13Cr-Mo44 (Material No. 1.7335) by means of a convex fillet weld, fractured at the first operation of the rod...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract The spindle of a helicopter-rotor blade fractured after 7383 h of flight service. At every overhaul (the spindle that failed was overhauled six times and reworked twice), any spindle that showed wear was reworked by grinding the shank to 0.1 mm (0.004 in.) under the finished diam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract This paper describes the metallurgical investigation of a broken spindle used to attach an antenna to the mast of a naval vessel. Visual inspections of both failed and intact fastener assemblies were carried out both on-board ship and in the laboratory followed by metallographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A 1-in. diam pump spindle fractured within the length covered by the boss of the impeller which was attached to the spindle by means of an axial screw. The pump had been in use in a chemical plant handling mixtures of organic liquids and dilute sulfuric acid having a pH value of 2 to 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract The 4140 steel steering spindle on a tricycle agricultural field chemical applicator failed, causing the loss of the front wheel and overturn of the vehicle. The spindle was a solid 120 mm (4.75 in.) diam forging. It had been machined to 115 mm (4.5 in.) in diameter to fit tightly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract After six years of service, three water shut-off valves on a copper water line in a residential building were found to be inoperative. Macroscopic examination of the valves after disassembly revealed that all three failed at the key that holds the spindle in the gate. In addition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... surface Fig. 2 Broken pieces of the spline shaft Fig. 3 CAD model of main spindle with chuck Fig. 10 Microcrack originating from the circlip groove corner Fig. 11 Hardness profile across circlip groove Fig. 12 Hardness profile across external spline...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Longitudinal section through weld seam of fractured spindle. 3 ×. Etch: Nital. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Longitudinal section through weld seam of fractured spindle. 3 ×. Etch: Copper ammonium chloride solution according to Heyn. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 Stress crack in hardened zone of broken spindle (left: weld), longitudinal section, etch: V2A-pickling solution. 100 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 Unchanged microstructure of spindle, etch: V2A-pickling solution. 500 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 Superheated steam push rod with unbroken spindle. 1 4 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Ice cream mixer blade as manufactured (left) and assembled to spindle (right) More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Helicopter-blade spindle that fractured in fatigue because it was incompletely shot peened before being plated. (a) Spindle showing fracture region (at fillet between shank and fork). Dimensions given in inches. (b) Longitudinal score mark (region A) and circumferential scratches (arrow More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Dezincification of silicon brass spindle (unetched, 5.5×). More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Helicopter-blade spindle that fractured in fatigue because it was incompletely shot peened before being plated. (a) Spindle showing fracture region (at fillet between shank and fork). Dimensions given in inches. (b) Longitudinal score mark (region A) and circumferential scratches (arrow More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 14 SEM image of the fracture surface near the middle of the spindle More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 3 CAD model of main spindle with chuck More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 53 Fractured axle spindle. FRW, friction resistance welding More
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 2 Steering spindle and collar after removal. More