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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A spindle made of hardenable 13% chromium steel X40 Cr13 (Material No. 1.4034) that was fastened to a superheated steam push rod made of high temperature structural steel 13Cr-Mo44 (Material No. 1.7335) by means of a convex fillet weld, fractured at the first operation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract The spindle of a helicopter-rotor blade fractured after 7383 h of flight service. At every overhaul (the spindle that failed was overhauled six times and reworked twice), any spindle that showed wear was reworked by grinding the shank to 0.1 mm (0.004 in.) under the finished...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract This paper describes the metallurgical investigation of a broken spindle used to attach an antenna to the mast of a naval vessel. Visual inspections of both failed and intact fastener assemblies were carried out both on-board ship and in the laboratory followed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A 1-in. diam pump spindle fractured within the length covered by the boss of the impeller which was attached to the spindle by means of an axial screw. The pump had been in use in a chemical plant handling mixtures of organic liquids and dilute sulfuric acid having a pH value...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract The 4140 steel steering spindle on a tricycle agricultural field chemical applicator failed, causing the loss of the front wheel and overturn of the vehicle. The spindle was a solid 120 mm (4.75 in.) diam forging. It had been machined to 115 mm (4.5 in.) in diameter to fit...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A heavy duty facing lathe failed when the tool post caught one of the jaws on the rotating chuck, causing the spline shaft that drives the main spindle to fracture. A detailed analysis of the fracture surfaces (including fractography, metallography, and analytical stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract After six years of service, three water shut-off valves on a copper water line in a residential building were found to be inoperative. Macroscopic examination of the valves after disassembly revealed that all three failed at the key that holds the spindle in the gate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047964
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
..., the spindle of the grinding machine was reconditioned to eliminate the undulations and retained austenite was minimized by careful heat treatment. Bevel gears Cracks Gear boxes Magnetic particle testing Spalling Surface grinding 8620 UNS G86200 Rolling-contact wear The service life...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...Abstract Abstract An AISI 4340 Ni-Cr-Mo alloy steel draw-in bolt and the collet from a vertical-spindle milling machine broke during routine cutting of blind recesses after relatively long service life. Based on fracture surface features, it was suspected that the draw-in bolt was the first...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...Abstract Abstract Milling machine arbors were inserted with satellite spindles having a maximum speed of 1500 rpm, and broke out between the groove and the flange. The appearance of the fracture surface was the same on both arbors. The pronounced scan lines characterized the fractures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract The draw-in bolt and collet from a vertical-spindle milling machine broke during routine cutting of blind recesses after a relatively long service life. The collet ejected at a high rotational speed due to loss of its vertical support and shattered one of its arms upon impact...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract The swivel head of a driving spindle of a four-high mill fractured. The fracture originated in a darkly stained spot on the bottom of the cylindrical part and then continued into the cylinder walls in the two directions. The fracture topography was of dendritic structure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract The purpose of this investigation was to determine the root cause of the differences noted in the fatigue test data of main rotor spindle assembly retaining rods fabricated from three different vendors, as part of a Second Source evaluation process. ARL performed dimensional...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A hydroextractor installed new for the drying of sugar massecuite consisted of a metal basket fixed to a vertical spindle. Disruption occurred just after the machine had been run up to speed and was not preceded by any abnormal behavior. The basket assembly consisted of a Ni...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A sample tube was removed from a reformer furnace for life assessment after 69,000 h of service. Sections were cut from the tube, which was a spindle cast A297 Grade HK 40 (25 Cr, 20 Ni, 0.4 C) austenitic steel of 122.5 mm OD and 10.5 mm nominal wall thickness. They were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... plate, as shown in Fig. 11 . Fig. 11 Photograph of a fractured caster Stereomicroscopic examination of the fracture surfaces showed a lighter-colored, crescent-shaped area along the side of the spindle from which the fracture initiated, as shown in Fig. 12 . SEM-based fractographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... using an epoxy primer. The failure of the part occurred at the radius separating the spindle from the base of the component. This region is subjected to the loads generated by the aircraft performing level and running landings. ARL had previously examined a similar part, in which the failure occurred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0091857
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... side of Fig. 1 ), the mixer blade is slightly deformed by the contact between the wavy washer at the bottom of the assembly and the bends at the bottom shoulders of the two mixer arms. When properly torqued, the screw that fastens the wavy washer and the mixer blade to the spindle in the center...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
..., 36 in. diameter ├Ś 18 in. long, and joined by a single Vee longitudinal weld. A stainless steel cover, with a central hole through which the driving spindle passed, was riveted to the top rim of the basket. The basket and top cover are shown, inverted, in the disrupted condition, in Figure 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of porosity (lower portion, Fig. 1b ). Electron fractography established that the cast connection on the left side failed by brittle fracture. Fig. 2 Helicopter-blade spindle that fractured in fatigue because it was incompletely shot peened before being plated. (a) Spindle showing fracture region...