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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract The thin plates within a type 309 stainless steel chlorinated solvent combustion preheater/heat exchanger designed to process fumes from a solvent coating process showed severe corrosion within 6 months of service. Within a year corrosion had produced holes in the plates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Metal-framed polycarbonate (PC) ophthalmic lenses shattered from acetone solvent-induced cracking. The lenses exhibited primary and secondary cracks with solvent swelling and crazing. A laboratory accident splashed acetone onto the lenses. The metal frames gripped...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract This investigation involved two AISI 304L acid storage tanks and one AISI 304L spent solvent tank from a sewage treatment facility. After installation, these tanks were hydrostatically tested using sewage effluent. No leaks were found and after a year or two, the tanks were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0090454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... hydrocarbon-based solvent. Investigation (visual inspection, stereomicroscopic examination, 20x/100x SEM images, micro-FTIR in the ATR mode, and analysis using DSC and TGA) supported the conclusion that the chemical storage vessel failed via a creep mechanism associated with the exertion of relatively low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... bearing was installed in contact with the inner ring for accurate positioning of the microdrum. The particles contained in residue achieved after cleaning of the grease on bearings with a petroleum solvent were attracted by a magnet and detected under a SEM (SEM) to be flaked off particles from the outer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... brinelled the raceways enough to cause fluctuations in machine output. Solvent-vapor cleaning was employed as a corrective technique for removing bearing lubricant. Lubricants Solvents Vapor degreasing Bearing steel Fretting wear Surface treatment related failures During the early stages...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and polymeric materials are tabulated in many references ( Ref 2 , 3 ). When linear or branched thermoplastic polymers are exposed to large enough quantities of solvents having solubility parameters within approximately ±2 H of that of the polymer, dissolution of the polymer will occur. In smaller quantities...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Crack formation from a craze Fig. 10 Failed polycarbonate lenses exhibited primary and secondary cracking associated with solvent swelling and cracking Fig. 17 Shrinkage void on field fracture surface of polycarbonate. 12× Fig. 18 Polycarbonate fracture surface showing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... observed on the para spoon fracture. Fig. 14 Surface film observed on the para spoon fracture. Therefore, a number of solvents were used in attempting to dissolve and remove the film. Initially, acetone was used in combination with an ultrasonic cleaner. The fracture surface was immersed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... involved the use of covered electrodes of dissimilar composition. No problems were reported. First, to ensure proper joint cleaning, solvent washing and wiping with a clean lint-free cloth should be performed immediately before welding. The filler wire should be wiped with a clean cloth just prior...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... modulus as a result of the effects of the solvent Fig. 32 Scanning electron images showing excellent agreement between the features present within the crack initiation sites of (a) the failed latch assembly and (b) the laboratory fracture. Both surfaces showed relatively brittle fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to zero, stopping any further transition. Even when exposed to temperature below 55 °F, a ‘seed’ is needed to initiate the tin pest process. Seeds that initiate it are said to range from particles of alpha tin (i.e., pested tin) to some solvents [ 2 ]. Several alloying elements are known to stop...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... are machined on the flat side, oiled, deburred, hot formed, cleaned, penetrant inspected, covered with oil, and then shotpeened. They are then recoated with oil, shipped to a second vendor, handwiped with a solvent, alkaline cleaned, acid desmutted, sulfuric acid anodized, and hot water sealed. Investigation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to spark OES, ICP-OES uses the optical emission principles of exited atoms to determine the elemental concentration in samples. However, for ICP-OES, solid samples are dissolved (digested) in an appropriate solvent (typically acid) to produce a solution for analysis. The resulting sample solution...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... is analyzed using a combination of the two techniques. The fracture surface and other parts of the screw were cleaned using an organic solvent. The fracture surface was further cleaned by being pressed into a soft plastic material that removed all foreign elements from the surface. A longitudinal cut...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the rubber strands and appeared to be from external contamination. Solvent extraction showed that both discolored and nondiscolored rubber strand samples contained aliphatic hydrocarbons, such as mineral oil, in significant amounts. Mineral-oil-type lubricants are unacceptable to be used with isoprene...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0091358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... and dimensions of the sulfide stringers, and the use of only solvent cleaning before the immersion test. The complete resistance of the stained and corroded valve body (valve body 1 in the immersion tests) is not inconsistent with its past history. Any available sulfides on the corroded surface of the valve body...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of specimens. The intent was to provide a clean test surface without inducing any deformation which might affect detectability. Solvent-based visible dye penetrant was utilized. Microstructual Analysis In general, precipitates were observed in significantly varying distributions and morphologies. Both...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the bulk of the liquid; and D is the effective diffusion coefficient in the solution for the exchange of solute and solvent. The parameter δ is further defined by the expression: (Eq 2) δ = C sat − C ∞ ( d c / d y ) where ( dc / dy ) is the concentration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... as a slice from the three types of coils, i.e., coils with normal, softened, and fluid encapsulants, respectively. Dissolution experiments for the three encapsulants were conducted using enough acetone as the solvent. Shore A hardness of each sample was tested for three times by means of GS-709N type...