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Sodium chloride

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract Following disruption of the austenitic stainless steel basket of a hydro-extractor used for the separation of crystals of salt (sodium chloride) from glycerin, samples of the broken parts were analyzed. Examination revealed that the fish-plates joining the reinforcing hoops...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... attaching the stainless steel skirt to the basket rim and also in the region of the vertical weld which was made when the skirt was formed into a cone. Stress-corrosion cracking of the skirt material, which contained residual stresses due to cold-rolling, had been caused by the presence of sodium chloride...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
...Abstract Abstract A stainless steel pipe transferring hot white liquor solution of sodium hydroxide and sodium sulfite, developed leaks adjacent to the welds within four years of service. The stainless steel pipe was AISI type 304 and welded with E308 weld electrodes. The service temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...) and were then immersed in the three sodium hypochlorite solutions for several days) supported the conclusion that failure of the stainless steel tanks by chloride-induced pitting resulted from using an overly strong hypochlorite solution for sterilization and neglecting to rinse the tanks promptly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A fused-salt electrolytic-cell pot containing a molten eutectic mixture of sodium, potassium, and lithium chlorides and operating at melt temperatures from 500 to 650 deg C (930 to 1200 deg F) exhibited excessive corrosion after two months of service. The pot was a welded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the blocked section creates large axial loads on the thrust bearing and can result in bearing failure. Major corrosive deposits found on turbine blades include [ 13 ]: sodium hydroxide, sodium chloride, hydrochloric acid, sodium silicate, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, ammonium chloride...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... There is a general agreement that condensed alkali metal salts, including (notably) Na 2 SO 4 , are a prerequisite to hot corrosion [ 3 , 4 ]. Sodium sulfate is a well-known corrosive agent that is formed in the flame from sodium chloride or other sodium compounds and sulfur-containing organic compounds, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... Analysis of the corrosion debris by EDS revealed copper from the wire, along with high amounts of sodium and chlorine, in addition to low amounts of silicon, aluminum, calcium, and carbon. The sodium and chlorine are suggestive of sodium chloride (salt), which is known to be corrosive to copper. Similar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...; the presence of potassium sulfate or more complex mixtures of other salt sulfates and chlorides, including sodium sulfate and magnesium sulfate; the presence of sodium chloride in the air. sodium chloride is generally present in offshore and coastal atmospheres and can be transformed partially or totally...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... position to the four o'clock position. Only one of these cracks was visible on the outer surface. Figure 1(a) shows several of the cracks on the inner surface of the cone. Analysis of the insulation wrapped around the liner revealed chlorides in the form of sodium chloride, at a concentration of 190...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., ranged from 8 to 45 mg/m 2 per day of sodium chloride. Because the vessel was not stored in an air conditioned atmosphere, the sensitized structure, residual stress, and chloride content in the environment effectively combined to produce the observed IGSCC. For dished end 1, in which IGSCC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... that used on the aluminum alloy 2014 or 2017 nuts). Alloy 6061 is not susceptible to SCC, and alloy 2024 in the tempers selected has been shown to withstand much higher transverse tensile stresses than alloy 2014-T6 in alternate-immersion tests in 3.5% sodium chloride solution. These tests have shown...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... containing approximately 1 oz. per gallon of sodium chloride and that from the No. 2 approximately 1 4 oz. per gallon. If water of this composition (in particular, that from the No. 1 borehole) found its way into the space above the shroud ring and concentrated there, it would produce...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... °F). Average humidity values range from 70 to 80%, and chloride contents in the atmosphere, evaluated by the wet-candle method and expressed as milligrams of sodium chloride per square meter per day, range from 8 to 45 over the year. Therefore, even if the bellows were packed in PVC bags...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... reinforcing bars after being subjected to sinusoidal load fluctuations at 6.7 Hz in air, 3 percent sodium chloride solution, or natural sea water. For details of loading procedures, fatigue life and other aspects of the test program reference can be made to a series of papers by Roper [ Ref 1 , 2 , 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... and, as the material being processed contained a weak solution of sodium chloride, it seems probable that this provided the corrosive environment responsible not only for the stress-corrosion cracking but also for the intergranular cracking. It may be added that failures due to “weld-decay” are seldom met with now...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... and to evaluate the effect of annealing and the hydrogen-stress cracking behavior of type 316 stainless steel. Half-hard type 301, annealed type 301, and annealed type 316 stainless steel clamp ends were placed in 0.1 N sodium chloride (NaCl) solution with or without MoS 2 treatment. Half of each specimen type...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... residues were the result of contamination. After a methodical check of chlorine sources (trichloroethane degreasers, hydrochloric acid pickling solutions, sodium chloride water softener salts, bleaches, etc.), the source of the chlorine contamination was traced to the sodium hypochlorite cleaning solution...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and the threshold stress intensity. (b) Effect of stress intensity on the growth rate of stress corrosion cracks in type 304L stainless steel exposed to magnesium chloride and sodium chloride solutions Mechanisms of SCC A number of mechanisms have been proposed to account for the subcritical crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... of a concentrated suspension of Napthol-Sulphonic acid sodium salt containing a trace of sodium chloride and a solution of ammonium sulphite/ammonium bisulphite liquor. A 30% ammonia solution was added and the autoclave sealed and heated to 145°C. and a pressure of 120 lbs. per sq. in. then developed. After...