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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... fatigue failure occurred. The quality of the welding was poor. Slag inclusions were present adjacent to the sides of the keyway, which had been re-cut shorter than the original one after the welding repair. Failure at the unusual location was caused by the presence of the weld deposit. Nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Specimens were prepared for microscopical examination to include the defective zone and a section through a circumferential crack. The defective zone was found to contain numerous inclusions of slag and oxides of globular form. Regions surrounding the inclusions were decarburized, the indications being that...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A 3.8-cm diam 6 x 37 rope of improved plow steel wire failed in service during dumping of a ladle of hot slag. A heavy blue oxide extending 0.6 to 0.9 m back from each side of the break was revealed on examination of the rope. Tensile fractures were shown by the broken ends of the rope...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... beach marks which indicated the action of asymmetric bending and rotational forces. Loads (forces) Nonmetallic inclusions Slags Surgical implants Torsion 316 UNS S31600 Fatigue fracture A narrow bone plate was used to stabilize an open midshaft femur fracture in an 18 year old patient...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... reflectors, indicating the presence of slag inclusions and porosity. A low-carbon steel flux-cored filler metal was used in repair welding the crankshaft, without any preweld or postweld heating. This resulted in the formation of martensite in the HAZ. The repair weld failed by brittle fracture, which was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... showed that these lines were not cracks but slag inclusions at and immediately below the surface. Analysis (visual inspection, metallographic examination, and 100x/500x magnetic-particle inspection) supported the conclusions that the inclusions consisted of pieces of fireclay from channel brick that were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... direction in which the fracture developed, as indicated by the radial lines on its surface, it was evident that a preexisting defect served to initiate the brittle fracture. Material adjacent to the fracture was decarburized and contained numerous globules of oxide and slag. It was evident, therefore that a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0089696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... cracks at slag inclusions and sharp fillets in weld-repair areas in the casting. The weld-repair procedures were unsatisfactory. The cracks propagated in a fatigue mode. he casting quality was judged unacceptable because of the presence of excessive shrinkage porosity. It was recommended that crosshead...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... with the initiation of cracks at slag inclusions and sharp fillets in weld-repair areas in the casting. The weld-repair procedures were unsatisfactory. The cracks propagated in a fatigue mode. he casting quality was judged unacceptable because of the presence of excessive shrinkage porosity. It was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001381
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... conformed to AISI E4340 steel, as specified. The microstructure was tempered martensite, with hardness ranging from 41 to 45 HRC. Failure was in the shear ductile mode. The crack initiated in the area of slag inclusions. Inspection of other bolts from the same shipment was recommended. Nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... CaO was determined to be slag entrapment during the steel making process. It was recommended that the thermowell blanks be ultrasonically tested prior to machining and that the design be modified to make internal pressurization possible. Leakage Nonmetallic inclusions Nuclear reactor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... latter causes flake-like spalling. Measures to prevent SCC include stress reduction, use of austenitic steels or nickel alloys not susceptible to grain boundary attack, use of ferritic chromium steels, surface slag removal, control of temperature and chloride concentration, and cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
.... Analysis of these inclusions confirmed the presence of Fe, Si, Ca, and O, indicating slag entrapment to be the most probable culprit. Crack Electric resistance welded Ferrite band Fusion zone API 5L X-46 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure Joining-related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... transverse to the crack surface and subsequent examination confirmed the presence of a slag inclusion on the edge of the crack. The inclusion ran the full length of the component. The stress raising effect of the inclusion in combination with the residual and service stresses served to initiate the cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract A broken cross-recessed die was examined. Examination of the unetched, polished section for impurities revealed several coarse streaks of slag. The purity did not therefore correspond to the requirements set for a high speed tool steel of the given theoretical quality DMo 5. After...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract A cross-recessed die of D5 tool steel fractured in service. The die face was found to be subjected to shear and tensile stresses as a result of the forging pressures from the material being worked. The presence of numerous slag stringers was revealed by microscopic examination of an...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... failure. Microscopic examination revealed that the pin had been hard chromium plated and that the plating followed the curved edge of the outer extremity of the defect. This crank pin contained an inherent defect in the form of a slag inclusion or crack situated at the surface. That the crack only showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Pipes and blowholes are present as weld defects. ∼0.5×. Fig. 3 Corner section. Heavy grinding marks on the weld metal were exposed after the paint was stripped. ∼0.72×. Fig. 4 Face of area C. Closeup view showing dirt and slag on the fracture surface. Note mechanically abraded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... stiffener (region C). The external repair weld (region D) had only partial fusion with the earlier bead. The arrow shows a film of oxide slag at the interface. Etched with 2% chromic acid plus HCl. 10x Selected Reference • Fatigue Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...-metallic inclusions, mostly of globular oxides (D4 thin series) and long stringers of oxides in several places along with large inclusions in the form of irregular and flat slag ( Fig. 4 ) near the initiation point. Fig. 4 Large irregular and flat slag inclusions (as polished), at ×100 Chemical...