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Shear bands

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract Failure analysis was performed on threaded Ti-6Al-4V fasteners that had fractured in the threads during installation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical metallography revealed that the fractures initiated in circumferential shear bands present at the thread roots...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in a transformation band. This transformation band is easily seen in steel because it transforms to austenite leaving microstructural evidence. Adiabatic shear bands develop along planes of maximum shear and occur principally under a state of hydrostatic compression. The white etching characteristic of the band...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., increasing the average strain and flow stress values will heighten this instability within the material flow [ 12 , 17 ]. By raising this thermomechanical instability above a critical criterion, the plastic deformation will concentrate on local adiabatic sites called adiabatic shear bands (ASB) rather than...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... changes that are the subject of subsequent further discussion. Fig. 20 Band of concentrated shear produced by an edge-to-edge impact Additional metallurgical factors associated with spalling are described as follows. For a given overlap and a given impact energy, the resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., there is evidence of plastic deformation and failure by microvoid coalescence (MVC) ductile tearing. However, exceptions to this fracture progression mode have been reported. One is formation of a specimen-scale shear band (sometimes associated with void sheet formation at the microscale). One set of circumstances...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... at the microscale, there is evidence of plastic deformation and failure by microvoid coalescence (MVC) ductile tearing. However, exceptions to this fracture progression mode have been reported. One is formation of a specimen-scale shear band (sometimes associated with void sheet formation at the microscale). One...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Banded structure Chemical segregation Forging dies D5 UNS T30405 Metalworking-related failures A cross-recessed die of D5 tool steel fractured in service. The die face was subjected to shear and tensile stresses as a result of the forging pressures from the material being worked. Figure 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... The directionality of the features was found to be suggestive of shear overload. It was observed that fracture preferentially followed the nonmetallic inclusions. The fracture was revealed to be parallel to the direction of the manganese sulfide stringer inclusions. The presence of significant banding of the ferrite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... particles or other impact modifiers. Although stress whitening results in visually apparent changes, the load-bearing capabilities of a specimen may not be substantially reduced during stress whitening. Shear Bands Shear bands ( Fig. 8 , Ref 5 ) are also microscopic localized deformation zones...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... was to determine whether the hose failed during or before the accident. Fracture in the failed clamp was accompanied by obvious permanent deformation and evidence of local shearing at the ends of the perforation where fracture occurred, and in the adjacent perforation. The first test involved tightening the clamps...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., internal bursts or chevron cracks, cracks on free surfaces, cracks on die-contacted surfaces Metal-flow-related problems: for example, end grain and poor surface performance; inhomogeneous grain size; shear bands and locally weakened structures; cold shuts, folds, and laps; flow-through defects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... by a subsequent impact. The mechanism of formation of white bands has been described by investigators as zones of intense adiabatic shear. Zener and Holloman ( Ref 1 ) proposed that the bands resulted from high strain rates that caused shear instability in an otherwise uniformly straining solid. These high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Metal-flow-related problems: for example, inhomogeneous grain size; shear bands and locally weakened structures; cold shuts, folds, and laps; flow-through defects and improper grain flow Poor process control, materials selection, and use problems: may result in underfill, part distortion, and poor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... by cleavage 75deg. F. The non-banded samples at the same temperature, 75°F, failed almost entirely by shear ( Fig. 7 ). Fig. 7 SEM photomicrograph of the fracture surface of a nonsegregated CVN sample-the failure mode was entirely by shear at 75deg. F. Fatigue crack growth rates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0089258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... shallow (0.013 mm, or 0.0005 in.) zones exhibiting ductile shear (see area between arrows in Fig. 3 ). Viewing the OD surface of the sleeve adjacent to the fracture plane revealed an extensive network of microcracks on the OD in the radius between the bulb and cylindrical portions ( Fig. 4 ). A cross...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the crack for repair welding. The crack was opened by striking the small end of the shaft and the shaft was broken 1.3 cm away from the crack in the process. A previous fracture that resulted from torsional loading acting along a plane of maximum shear was revealed almost perpendicular to the axis...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fracture or loading axis) to the crack plane under the influence of shear strains. This type of shear-band tearing results in the classic shear lips of a ductile cup-and-cone tensile fracture specimen. Shear-band formation also commonly occurs in deformation processing, where friction and/or geometric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... a transition to the shear plane in the outer regions of the specimen. In the mode II region, voids grow in sheets at an oblique angle (~45° to the plane of the major fracture or loading axis) to the crack plane under the influence of shear strains. This type of shear-band tearing results in the classic shear...