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Shafts (power), corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... shafts, this article will discuss failures in connecting rods, which translate rotary motion to linear motion (and conversely) and in piston rods, which translate the action of fluid power to linear motion. Shafts operate under a broad range of service conditions, including dust-laden or corrosive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Two shafts that transmit power from the engine to the propeller of a container ship failed after a short time in service. The shafts usually have a 25 year lifetime, but the two in question failed after only a few years. One of the shafts, which carries power from a gearbox to the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... tolerances) was recommended as a standard maintenance procedure for shafts with long service lives. Aircraft components Shafts (power) Torsional fatigue AMS 6415 UNS G43400 Pitting corrosion Corrosion fatigue The hollow, splined alloy steel aircraft shaft shown in Fig. 1 cracked in service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A reversible four-way carbon steel flap valve in a thermal power station failed after 7 years of service. The flap had been fabricated by welding two carbon steel plates to both sides of a carbon steel forging. The valve was used for reversing the flow direction of seawater in the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Aircraft components Alignment Bolts Fatigue life Helicopters Magnetic particle testing Shafts (power) 18Ni Steel eyebolt Corrosion fatigue Pitting corrosion The first of two examples demonstrating failures caused by corrosion concerns a steel eyebolt which failed by fatigue ( Figs. 1 , 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... safety-related load rejection heat-exchanger system of a nuclear power plant. The arrangement of the three pumps is shown in schematic form in Fig. 2 . With the plant on-line, two of the pumps would be in continuous service. The third pump, the pump involved in the incident, would be held in standby. As...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001472
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... the failure it was recommended that the stress-raising effect of the holes be reduced by chamfering or preferably rounding-off the edges. Furthermore, rotation of the shaft should be prevented so that the radial holes were positioned on the opposite side of the shaft. Rotation Shafts (power...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... included use of a case-hardened En 8 steel with the correct composition and regular maintenance of the pump. Cooling systems Nuclear reactors Shafts (power) Water cooling EN8 Fatigue fracture Corrosion fatigue After 7 years of operation, a service water pump in a nuclear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... were found in all the shafts. Timely replacement was possible and the likelihood of serious accidents removed. Shafts (power) Ultrasonic testing Fe-0.3C Fatigue fracture This case concerns the failure of a shaft which resulted from reversed torsional stresses. The effect of this different...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Electric power generation Pitting (corrosion) Shafts (power), corrosion 410 UNS S41000 Fatigue fracture Corrosion fatigue Stress-corrosion cracking A type 410 stainless steel circulating water pump shaft used in a fossil power steam generation plant failed after more than 7 years...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... cracking (IGSCC) Nuclear power plants Nuclear reactor coolant piping Nuclear Pump seal wear rings Pump shaft cracking Stress corrosion cracking 304 UNS S30400 Cemented carbide Stress-corrosion cracking Dealloying/selective leaching Approximately 113 nuclear electrical power...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... environment, such a surface flaw can become the initiating site for a fatigue crack or a corrosion-related failure. Cracking (fracturing) Forgings Seams Shafts (power) Surface defects 4130 UNS G41300 Metalworking-related failures Routine magnetic-particle inspection revealed crack indications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... simulated environmental conditions and were installed as a corrective measure. Importance of dirt free supply and drainage of oil was discussed. Ball bearings Leakage Lubricants Overheating Shafts (power) Bearing steel Rolling-contact wear Pitting corrosion A large number of drive-shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... (cast cobalt-base superalloy) The gas turbine is a versatile source of shaft or propulsion power in a growing number of applications. It can be used in several modes in critical industries, such as power generation, oil and gas, process plants, aviation, as well as smaller related...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... understanding of corrosion science and engineering. High-temperature corrosion can occur in numerous environments and is affected by various parameters such as temperature, alloy and protective coating compositions, stress, time, and gas composition. High-temperature corrosive environments can include power...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and 18 MW output power. The rotor of the turbine had undergone repair after 77,000 operating hours and was then assembled on another unit of the power plant. Total operating hours and number of starts were 95,000 h and 4,785 times, respectively. The operating hours are listed in Table 1 . Table...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
.... It was found that the natural frequency of the wheel truing device was the culprit. A tuned damped absorber was designed and built to modify the resonance. This eliminated the problem. Grinding machines Printing press rolls Shafts (power) Vibration analysis Structural steel Fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and overall Examine all parts, wear debris, decomposed lubricant, and so on, during disassembly. Retain samples of debris and lubricant, and retain both halves of a sliding pair Use a low-power (binocular, if possible) optical microscope for observing the uncleaned parts, and try to establish...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... units belonged to a set of four generators driven by steam turbines, the oldest of which was put into service late in 1951; they were used for peak loads on the main Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario's network, largely supplied by water power. Results of an exhaustive inquiry into these...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the life assessment methods for elevated-temperature failure mechanisms and metallurgical instabilities that reduce life or cause loss of function or operating time of high-temperature components, namely, gas turbine blade, and power plant piping and tubing. The...