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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
.... Failure resulted from the culmination of two principal fatigue cracks which developed on approximately parallel planes from the roots of adjacent threads. A longitudinal section through the screw thread on the piston rod showed it had been carburized but not hardened, and that subsequent surface de...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...-gradient and phase-change stresses. Joining the studs to the flanges by welding should be discontinued. They should be attached by screw threads, using a key and keyway to prevent turning in service. Flanges Heat affected zone Phase transformations Studs 414 UNS S41400 Joining-related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract An intermediate shaft (3 in. diam), part of a camshaft drive on a large diesel engine, broke after two weeks of service. Failure occurred at the end of the taper portion adjacent to the screwed thread. The irregular saw-tooth form of fracture was characteristic of failure from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0089543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...Abstract Abstract Threads of a bone screw (Co-Cr-Mo alloy, type ASTM F75) had broken off, and other threads had cracked. 15x sectioning showed porosity, and 155x magnification showed gas holes, segregation, and dissolved oxides. This supports the conclusion that manufacturing defects caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... effects, failure of the thread structure of the clevis occurred. The failure occurred where the cylinder rod screws into the clevis. The rod was manufactured from 1045 steel. Cylinder rods Fretting fatigue Galling Railroad wheels 1045 UNS G10450 Fatigue fracture Fretting wear A. Design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract A bolt breaks along a change in cross section well below its rated capacity. An anchoring screw spins freely in place, having snapped at its first supporting thread. A motor unexpectedly disengages its load, its driveshaft having fractured near a keyway. Such failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0090929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... was sufficient to fracture the screws. No recommendations were made. Fasteners Installing Screw threads High-strength steel Ductile fracture One lot of size M5 × 0.8 mm, class 8.8 metric screws with a proprietary head design were failing during application. The screws were reportedly failing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... • Fatigue Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 700 – 727 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544 Cracks in the screw thread can be seen with the naked eye using a magnifying lens, but the use of penetrants is just as effective. However...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... of British Standard 327:1964 (Clauses 10 and 18). Cranes Design Screw threads Mild steel Joining-related failures It is true to say that the construction of engineering plant — vessels, structures and components — has been revolutionised by the science and technology of welding. Where, however...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... cap screws failed. Applications Circumstances Leading to Failure Specimen Selection The as-received cap screws ( Fig. 1 ) were visually examined. One of the two screws had fractured at the head-to-shank radius and was missing its head. Both screws had been sectioned in the threaded part...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... threads per inch, with a nominal major diameter of 0.745 in. (18.9 mm). These dimensions are consistent with the specified screw dimensions. As shown in Fig. 1 , four of the six screws (No. 1, 3, 5, and 6) contained one fracture location, while the other two (No. 2 and 4) contained two fractures. Three...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Eight cylinderhead screws cracked after a short running time in motors. They were made of Fe-0.45C-1Cr steel, had rolled threads, were heat treated to 110 kg/sq mm tensile strength, and were electrolytically galvanized. All fractured at the root of the thread. The surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
...-relief groove with a diam slightly smaller than the root diam was placed at the end of the thread and a large-radius fillet was machined at the change in diameter of the shank. Cranes Fatigue strength Hooks Screw threads Service life Stress concentration 1020 UNS G10200 Fatigue fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... 250 toilets installed in the entire complex. Manufacturers do not recommend the use of lubricants to assist screw threading at rod-ball interfaces of plastic floats. Most Probable Cause How Failure Could Have Been Prevented The floats failed while the condoiminium owner was absent. During...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... the lower face of the boss and the die and an improved method of inserting or removing the bolt to avoid hammering (use of a wrench on a square or hexagonal boss) were also recommended. Cracking (fracturing) Screw threads Stress concentration 1045 UNS G10450 Spalling wear (Other, general...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and microvoid coalescence in the center. The improper baking after electroplating of the screw led to H2-induced blistering/cracking. The high strength of the threaded region of the adjusting screw increased the failure propensity. Electroplating 16MnCr5 DIN 17210 Hydrogen damage and embrittlement...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...Abstract Abstract Type 316LR stainless steel screws that failed by fatigue were studied. It was found that fatigue fracture can occur on different thread levels, depending on the loading situation. The initiation of secondary fatigue cracks was occasionally found parallel to the fracture plane...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... in the hardened material in the region of the weld securing the screwed portion to the intermediate collar and which may have formed at the time of manufacture. Out-of-squareness of the thread with the collar, as was seen in the example submitted, gave rise to bending stresses when the bolt was tightened down...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and at the bottom of the screw threads. The corrosive agent, apparently having access to the whole of the shank surface, produced cracks normal to the tensile stress axis of the bolt at both of these regions of high tensile stress concentration. Therefore, it is probable that the loading stress, as opposed to any...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...) , ISO metric screw threads: Part 4 — Tolerancing System , ( 2nd ed. ), International Organization for Standardization , Geneva, Switzerland , 1976 . 2. Blake A. , What Every Engineer Should Know About Threaded Fasteners, Materials and Design , Marcel Dekker, Inc. , New York , 1986 , pp...