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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract An investigation of a Stirling engine after an aborted test run revealed that the regenerator screens had suffered substantial damage. During the run, the individual screens oscillated as the helium working fluid was shuttled through the regenerator. In localized areas, the 41 mu m...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Screens made of stainless steel X5 Cr-Ni-Mo 18 10 (Material No. 1.4401), which were exposed to cooling water from the mouth of a river, became unserviceable after a few months because of the breaking out of parts of the bars. The multiple fracturing of the screen bars in the brackish...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract Fragments of screen bars which as structural elements of a condenser had come into contact with cooling water from the mouth of a river were received. The screen bars were made of stainless austenitic Cr-Ni-Mo steel X 5 Cr-Ni-Mo18 10 (Material No. 1.4401). The bars were fractured...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that the tube failed from crevice corrosion under seawater deposits that had formed on the inner surface. Mechanical cleaning of the condenser tubes every 6 months and installation of intake screens of smaller mesh size were recommended. Aluminum bronzes Nuclear reactor components Seawater...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... origin of the failure was a small surface crack in the inner pipe wall produced by the clamping. Fracture mechanics calculations confirmed that the suspected failure process would result in a failure time close to the actual time to failure. It was recommended that: materials be screened for...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0059932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...% of full screen and was based on the size of flaws observed when the shafts were cut up. The inclusions were considered to be rejectable if the size was larger than 20 mm diam. Similar flaws were observed in larger shafts, but no flaws were observed once the shafts were sectioned. It was interpreted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of the segmented backup ring was provided, and a fine-mesh stainless steel screen diffuser was incorporated in the channel section of the backup ring to prevent air from leaking in. A titanium alloy color chart was furnished to permit correlation of weld-zone discoloration with the degree of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...-3) grade can be specified. Procedures are given in a reference for screening castings that may be susceptible to intergranular corrosion due to processing errors. Castings Heat treatment Pumps Sensitizing CN-7M UNS N08007 Intergranular fracture Intergranular corrosion The origins of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... material was type 316 stainless steel, which was positioned inside the fin as follows: Three layers of 80-mesh screen in contact with the fin wall Two layers of 150-mesh screen in contact with the 80-mesh screen Two layers of 5-mesh woven wire at the center It has been shown that similar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001906
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... inspection (MPI) screening was conducted on the thousands of lugs in inventory. Figure 1 is a blacklight photomacrograph showing an example of a forging lap contained within the bail of a lug subjected to this screening. Many lugs also contained seams, as revealed through MPI. Concurrently, ARL and NAWCWD...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... service and analyzed and tested. Testing was performed on profile screen wire removed from the basket, on as-manufactured profile screen wire, and on laboratory-prepared, solution-annealed samples. The wire chemical composition, room temperature tensile strength, and 650 °C (1200 °F) tensile and 69 MPa...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... curved concentric steel stiffeners are welded to the bars, forming a skeleton similar to a turbine blade. Finally, aluminum screens, manufactured from 1 4 in. thick perforated sheet, are bolted to the bars and stiffeners. Beet juice can therefore pass through the flight arms while the pulp is...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... importance of trace chemicals in accelerating or inhibiting a failure. It also points out that test fixture materials can affect test results. Although it is preferable to use fixtures of the same alloy, it may not always be critical in the screening of possible stress-corroding fluids, because it is often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of scans. An improper understanding of the trade-off between resolution and signal strength, as determined by the condenser lens, is the most common error associated with SEM operation by a novice. A strong signal that gives a clear image on the viewing screen may have poor resolution, while a poor...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... resolution and signal strength, as determined by the condenser lens, is the most common error associated with SEM operation by a novice. A strong signal, which gives a clear image on the viewing screen, may have poor resolution, whilst a poor, snowy image on the view screen may produce excellent images when...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... moist ore particles slide on an inclined platform, chute, or screen. Figure 1 shows a worn wire-cloth screen in a minerals processing plant. Another example is a submerged valve that opens and closes to control the flow of material. Here, the parts are subjected to metal rubbing, as well as to the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... possible. Laboratory tests serve their most useful function as screening tests to determine which materials warrant further investigation and which materials are definitely unsatisfactory [ 3 ]. Our field test used full size vacuum chambers with test fittings and the original roll-bond fittings. Pits...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... it is subjected to a specific development process. This process may require chemical reactions with the recording medium. Film radiography is an example of the latent image technique. Real-time radiography is a simple process whereby the imaging screen, when exposed to a radiation field, typically...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... stringent quality control be placed on the heat treatment process and that defective leafs be removed from service. This could be accomplished by screening leafs representing all of the heat treat lots, using a testing, if deemed feasible, to identify defective portable hardness testing unit and/or...