1-20 of 68 Search Results for

Salt water environment

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0006897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... was to change the tail wire material for direct seashore exposure from annealed copper to annealed Monel. Abrasion Clamps, Materials substitution Salt water environment Copper wire Corrosion fatigue The small cable (drop wire) providing service for individual subscribers from the aerial plant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of penetration was consistent with dezincification rates reported in the literature for such brasses in salt water if the valve had been in service about 55 years. Dezincification Marine environments Tug boats Valve seats Alpha brass Alpha-beta brass Dealloying/selective leaching Introduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Chromate cooling water system (CCW) failure The condenser uses the chromate cooling water. Salts may escape when the condenser is not in service. The length of down-time of the CCW is unknown. Continuous air monitor (CAM) failed. The CAM ensures that any airborne contamination is detected. If the CAM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... processes, namely hot corrosion, hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking, are discussed under boiler tube failures, molten salts for energy storage, and degradation and failures in gas turbines. The article describes the effects of environment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 761 – 795 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548 Bridges located in coastal environments suffer many of the same corrosion problems as those exposed to repeated applications of deicing salts. Salt contamination of concrete causes corrosion of the steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Molten Metal Molten Salts Aging Reactions Environmental Cracking Erosion-Corrosion Stress-Rupture Failures Discussion Recommendations Stress-Corrosion Cracking Fatigue Erosion-corrosion is the acceleration or increase of deterioration of a metal because of the relative...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... bars that had spent 9 months in service were dipped and rinsed in distilled water containing 1% HNO 3 in order to extract water-soluble salts from the corrosion products. Chemical analysis of the solution, using atomic absorption spectroscopy and ion-exchange chromatography, yielded Na K + , Ca 2...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the partition head. Heat from the separator caused continuous flashing of water into steam inside the exchanger, building salt deposits on the hot surfaces of the shell. The deposits contained chlorides from the city water used in the exchanger. Acting in combination with the normal fabricating stresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the studs. Although the tubes had not attained a temperature sufficient to result in significant metallurgical changes, local boiling had taken place adjacent to the internal surface, giving rise to a concentration of boiler salts, in particular, sodium hydroxide. This had dissolved the normally protective...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of soluble salts containing certain specific anions can inhibit the crack-producing effect of a given environment on a given alloy. Certain aspects of the metallurgical structure of an alloy (such as grain size, crystal structure, and number of phases) influence the susceptibility of the alloy to SCC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... which developed was of the form known as caustic cracking. It was recommended that water for de-superheater use should be taken after the deaerator and prior to the addition of salts which may deposit or concentrate in the desuperheater. Bellows Corrosion environments Leakage Sodium hydroxide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... at such corrosion points, iron and chlorine ( Figure 4 ). ESCA was used to determine that in such areas atomic percentages were up to 22.05% Cl, compared with 34.14% Fe and (by difference) 43.81% O. These figures indicate that in this local spot, about half the iron is present as iron chloride, a deliquescent salt...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... hydroxide is often intentionally added to boiler water at non-corrosive levels; it may also be introduced unintentionally. Since the sodium hydroxide and alkaline-producing salts are rarely present at corrosive levels in the bulk environment, a means of concentrating them must be present [ 3 ] if caustic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the corrosion damage was typical of alkaline corrosion and confirmed that the boiler tubes failed as a result of steam blanketing that concentrated phosphate salts. The severe alkaline conditions developed most probably because of the decomposition of trisodium phosphate, which was used as a water treatment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... steel, acidic, ammonium and calcium solutions, and salt water are all known environments that cause SCC 4 . The most likely candidate for the corrosive environment of the bonnet screws is the soil in which the valves are buried. Often times, especially in urban areas, the soil contains significant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Morphologies in Wire samples from Salt River P-3156, P-3128, & P-3343; Agua Fria River P-1010 & P-1255; New River P-2012,” interagency report, 1997 . 7. Leslie W. C. The Physical Metallurgy of Steels , McGraw-Hill Book Co. , New York , 1981 . 8. Krauss G. , Principles...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... due to an excessive time in the acid cleaning bath should be described as hydrogen embrittlement from the manufacturing process. However, evidence of hydrogen embrittlement due to corrosion of the assemblies that sat on a shipping dock unprotected from ice-melting salt may more correctly be described...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... examination shows that the tank was installed near seashore where moist chloride containing environment is basically always present on the tank exterior. Moreover, salt residues were found accumulated inside the cracks (see whitish products in the cracks in Fig. 1c ). Also tank was water cooled using tap...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is UH 3 . Uranium absorbs hydrogen from three sources: fused salt bath annealing, etching and electroplating operations, and corrosion. A hydrogen pickup of 1 to 2 ppm as a result of salt bath annealing noticeably reduces elongation. Hydrogen absorbed during etching and electroplating is concentrated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... was the material used for all subsequent replacement tubes. Copper alloys with high copper content, such as alloy C23000 (red brass, 85% Cu), are almost immune to dezincification in most water and salt solutions, as are inhibited brasses and other copper-zinc alloys containing 0.02 to 0.6% As, Sb, or P...