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SEM/EDS analysis

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... were subsequently welded over with 308 stainless steel filler wire and the base plate was replaced with new material. Soon after, the tank began leaking along the weld bead, triggering a full-scale investigation; spectroscopy, optical and scanning electron microscopy, fractography, SEM-EDS analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... type of degradation that occurs at low temperatures. Based on the results of the investigation, which included SEM/EDS analysis, inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy, and x-ray diffraction, the metal surfaces contained less than 0.1% Bi and thus were not adequately protected against tin pest, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...-pigtail weld specified Inconel 82 for GTAW (TIG) root pass and Inco-Weld A electrode for SMAW cover passes. Considering iron dilution effects, it appeared the analyzed weldments met the specifications of these filler metals. SEM/EDS analysis showed base metal grain boundary precipitates to he primarily...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... packed with molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) lithium grease. Metallurgical structures and chemical compositions of the bearing’s matrix materials were inspected using a microscope and photoelectric direct reading spectrometer. SEM/EDS was used to examine the local morphology and composition of fracture and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... fracture surface from specimen A was removed for analysis to determine material composition. Standardless, semiquantitative SEM/EDS element analyses of the fracture surface revealed a carbon steel shaft and a type 300 stainless steel weld nugget ( Fig. 4 and 5 ). Fig. 4 Standardless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... below design pressure in a brittle manner. Fractographic examination using SEM indicated that failure occurred intergranularly from the cylinder side. EDS analysis indicated the presence of mercury on the fracture surface and mercury was also detected using scanning auger microprobe (SAM) analysis. The...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and showed a pattern very similar to dezincification. Further investigation to determine the cause of damage using light microscopy and SEM-EDS techniques revealed that the microstructure consisted of multiple phases and that a Si-rich phase was being preferentially attacked, leading to increased...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract A type 304 stainless steel tube that failed in a boiler stack economizer was analyzed to determine the cause. The investigation consisted of visual, SEM/EDS, and metallographic analysis. Several degradation mechanisms appeared to be at work, including pitting corrosion, chloride stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Samples for SEM fractography, EDS analysis, and metallography were taken at the crack initiation site. Hardness testing produced a value of approximately 27 HRC. The examinations clearly established that the shaft failed by fatigue. The fatigue crack originated at a localized region on the outside surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...×. In conjunction with the SEM, energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) was used to qualitatively analyze the coating on the fracture surface. The location analyzed is at “A” in Fig. 6 and proved to be cadmium. Figure 7 is an EDS graph related to this analysis. Figure 6 also shows that the substrate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... surfaces of screws No. 1 and 4 were examined in situ using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). EDS provides qualitative elemental analysis of materials under SEM examination based on the characteristic energies of X-rays produced by interaction with an electron beam. EDS can normally detect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) and samples of the corrosion product or other surface deposit have been collected for further testing and analysis. The fracture/crack surface can be cleaned after corrosion deposits have been collected and an initial microscopic examination of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... unsintered particles low carbon steel longitudinal crack SEM/EDS analysis chemical composition low carbon steel (low carbon steel, general) Properly heat treated alloy steels can make durable wrench sockets. Materials selection of such a part is well established since the only requirement...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Standardless semi-quantitative scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive x-ray spectrometry (SEM/EDS) analysis revealed a high sodium content in the corrosion product ( Fig. 2 ). The base metal elements were that of an AISI 4300 alloy steel ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 2 Standardless semi-quantitative SEM/EDS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., coke readily accumulates on the surface of the tubes, fueling carbon diffusion into the metal and a corresponding degradation in microstructure and loss of ductility at high temperatures. radiant tube stress rupture thermal shock heat resistant steel carbide precipitates SEM-EDS analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analysis was carried out using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) fitted with EDS and combustion type carbon/sulfur analyzer. Hardness was measured on Vicker’s Hardness tester. Service-simulated laboratory experiments were performed on servohydraulic uniaxial fatigue testing machine. Fractography was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... conditions The crack samples were subjected to SEMEDS analysis to insure the presence of copper at the grain boundary ( Fig. 3 ). EDS spectra show the prominent peaks of copper entrapment at grain boundaries in the cracked region. The white particle shows the presence of copper at the grain boundary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... club fracture atmospheric contamination titanium alloy cracking concentric grooves SEM/EDS analysis grain size Ti6Al4V (titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy) UNS R56406 The relative low density, high strength, and corrosion resistance of titanium alloys make them well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to that of conventional silicon-lithium EDSs, namely, ≈130 eV. With a price only slightly higher than the older silicon-lithium systems, SDDs have made the silicon-lithium detectors obsolete for EDS analysis on SEM systems. Fig. 3 Schematic of a silicon-drift detector (SDD) system. EDS, energy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ). A sample of each piece of debris was prepared for SEM/EDS analysis to facilitate chemical identification ( Fig. 12 ). Fig. 11 Larger fragments found in chip detector. Note the backscatter electron SEM images (center photos) showing bright spots that were composed of silver, confirming this as...