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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0048536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...Abstract Abstract A brittle-like crack propagation caused failure in a rubber office-chair roller. A crack initiated from the inside of the roller and propagated in a discontinuous brittle-like fashion, as indicated from the evolution of concentric fracture striations. Compressive fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract The repeated failure of rubber-covered rotors and volute liners in a flue gas desulfurization system after conversion from lime slurry reagent to limestone slurry reagent was investigated. The pump was a horizontal 50 x 65 mm (2 x 2.5 in.) Galiger pump with a split cast iron...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Drive cables from a rubber processing machine were failing in less than 8 h of operation, the expected service life being much greater than 100 h. Comparison cables were tested to failure under known stress conditions, including tensile overload, torsional loading, reversed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
..., as specified in AS 3791-1991 Hydraulic Hoses. This type of hose consisted of an inner tube of oil-resistant synthetic rubber, a single medium-carbon steel wire braid reinforcement, and an oil-and-weather resistant synthetic rubber cover. The wire braiding was found to be severely corroded in the area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract A hoist lift hose on a loader failed catastrophically. The hoses were a 100R13 type (as classified in AS3791-1991) with 50.8 mm nominal internal diameter. They consisted of six alternating spirals of heavy wire around a synthetic rubber inner tube with a synthetic rubber outer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... position, and its relationship to surface topographic features, were examined and recorded by magnetic rubber and high-resolution dental rubber replicating materials. Corrosion deposits on keyway surfaces and within the crack were collected with acetate foil replicas applied and then stripped from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract The origins of the casting are unknown. It is included here as a classic case of intergranular corrosion. The part (apparently a pump outlet) was named the “rubber casting” because of the severity of the intergranular attack. Every grain boundary has been attacked...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... on quality-control hold. Investigation included visual inspection, 24x micrographs, and FTIR in the reflectance mode. The spectrum obtained on the included material was characteristic of polybutadiene, the rubber-modifying agent present in ABS. This supported the conclusion that the inclusion's most likely...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... the actual molding of the parts. While resins for both failed and non-failed parts produced results characteristic of a 13% glass-fiber-reinforced, impact-modified nylon 6/6, the failed part material, contained a significantly lower level of rubber, which rendered the parts less impact resistant...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract The article commences with an overview of short-term and long-term mechanical properties of polymeric materials. It discusses plasticization, solvation, and swelling in rubber products. The article further describes environmental stress cracking and degradation of polymers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract The boom lift equalizer hose on an excavator failed and the resultant release of high-pressure hydraulic fluid damaged the operator cabin. The hose was a heavy duty, high-impulse, multiple-spiral wire-reinforced, rubber covered hydraulic hose equivalent to 100R13...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Reciprocating Sliding , Wear , Vol 225–229 , 1999 , p 716 – 723 21. Schallamach A. , Abrasion of Rubber by a Needle , J. Polymer Sci. , Vol 9 ( No. 5 ), 1952 , p 385 – 404 10.1002/pol.1952.120090501 22. Schallamach A. , How Does Rubber Slide? Wear , Vol 17 , 1971 , p...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the nickel anode ( Fig. 2 ) was visible, as was the presence of an adherent deposit (1.5 to 2.5 mm, or 0.06 to 0.098 in., thick) on the adjacent cathode. The nickel anode surface showed the presence of interference colors, and the rubber gasket separating the nickel anode from the cover plate ( Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in service approximately ten years, and is similar to the tubing used in LC-39B's GO 2 System and B/A Line. The tubing was specified to be coated with either a nitrile-rubber-base, aluminum pigmented coating or a polyamide epoxy coating with an aliphatic polyurethane topcoat. The coatings are required...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as rubber particles or other impact modifiers. Although stress whitening results in visually apparent changes, the load-bearing capabilities of a specimen may not be substantially reduced during stress whitening. Shear bands ( Fig. 8 , Ref 5 ) are also microscopic localized deformation zones...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of 100 mL/min. Results and Discussion Manufacture and Storage Information The main components of coil encapsulates were epoxy resins modified by liquid carboxyl-terminated poly (butadiene-co-acrylonitrile) rubber (CTBN), with anhydride as curing agent. The encapsulate is required to be cured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... behavior depends on conditions. Elastic materials (e.g., rubber) usually experience the maximum rate at angles lower than for ductile ones ( Ref 47 , 48 ), while materials consisting of several phases experience mixed behavior, and their maximum is usually positioned between the maxima of constituents...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Characterization of Polymeric Materials , Academic Press, Inc. , 1981 • Wright D. , Failure of Plastics and Rubber Products , RAPRA Technology , Shawbury, U.K. , 2001 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy Differential Scanning Calorimetry Thermogravimetric Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Vibratory Apparatus ,” G 32, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International , 2019 30. “ Standard Test Method for Conducting Wet Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Tests ,” G 105, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02 , Annual Book...