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Rolling-contact wear

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... brief discussion on coatings to improve surface-initiated fatigue and wear is included, due to the similarity to RCF and the increasing criticality of this failure mode. The article presents a working knowledge of Hertzian contact theory, describes the life prediction of rolling-element bearings, and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... life Supports Temperature 440C UNS S44004 Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear The radial-contact ball bearings supporting a computer microdrum became noisy and were removed for examination. A sample of the lubricant used with the bearings was sent to the laboratory with four sets of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... contact fatigue mechanism (flaking) activated by the subsurface nonmetallic inclusions. Aircraft components Bearing races Flaking Transmissions (sutomotive) Bearing steel Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear The pilot of an aircraft reported illumination of the transmission oil-pressure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... diagonally across the profile of the loaded side, which was consistent on every tooth. Agricultural equipment Bevel gears Design Loads (forces) Tractors 4820H UNS H48200 Rolling-contact wear Fatigue fracture A spiral bevel gear and pinion set was submitted for examination and evaluation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... set at 81 HRA. Carbon Case depth Case hardening Chemical composition Surface hardness AMS 6263 UNS K44414 Rolling-contact wear Two intermediate impeller drive gears were submitted for metallurgical examination when they exhibited evidence of pitting and abnormal wear after production...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... simulated environmental conditions and were installed as a corrective measure. Importance of dirt free supply and drainage of oil was discussed. Ball bearings Leakage Lubricants Overheating Shafts (power) Bearing steel Rolling-contact wear Pitting corrosion A large number of drive-shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... was continuous high overload that may also have contributed to the bearing displacement. Bearings Bevel gears Differential gears Displacement Lift trucks Mechanical drives 4820H UNS H48200 Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear A spiral bevel gear and pinion set that showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... designed to handle soft lignite coals but had been used to crush hard deep-mined anthracite coals. Anthracite Crushers Lignite Loads (forces) Taper roller bearings Carburized steel Rolling-contact wear Metallographic evidence of microstructural features in the shape of ‘butterflies’ ( Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... or case hardening would have been better under these circumstances. Fuel injection pumps Gears Pitting (wear) C45 Rolling-contact wear Two fuel injection pump gears that were nitrided in a cyanide bath were submitted by the engine manufacturer for examination of hardness distribution...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...) spread in steps which finally led to the breaking off of parts from the middle flange and complete failure of the rings. Bearing steel Roller bearings Scouring Stress cracking 100CrMn 6 Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear Inner rings of spherical roller bearings out of the full...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... steel Spalling wear Rolling-contact wear Fretting wear Ball and roller bearings are precision-made articles subjected to rigorous inspection at all stages during manufacture and, if carefully fitted, adequately lubricated, and worked under conditions of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... lubricating oil line. Such would cause seizure of the gears and damage. The incidence of such defects stopped after corrective measures were taken. Cracking (fracturing) Spur gears Surface defects Fe-0.20C-1.25Ni-1.0Cr-0.9Mo Rolling-contact wear At one time there were instances of failure in the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... Hardness Hot-strip mill Rolling mill rolls Spalling Ductile iron Gray iron Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear In the finishing trains of hot-strip mills (HSMs), work rolls made of indefinite chill double-poured (ICDP) iron are commonly used owing to their resistance to wear and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... tooth bottom was machined only roughly. Also, the yield point was a little bit too low. Forgings Gears Pitting (wear) Rolling mills Fe-0.4C-0.8Si-1.1Mn Rolling-contact wear Fatigue fracture The rim of a gear wheel of 420 mm width and 3100 mm in diameter broke after four years of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047964
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... of the grinding machine was reconditioned to eliminate the undulations and retained austenite was minimized by careful heat treatment. Bevel gears Cracks Gear boxes Magnetic particle testing Spalling Surface grinding 8620 UNS G86200 Rolling-contact wear The service life of a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001498
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of single-tooth contact. The cause of failure was tooth-tip interference from the mating gear teeth. Because the mating parts within the assembly had not been returned or examined, unanswered questions remained. Axles Interference Mining Motor trucks 43BV12 Rolling-contact wear Fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... (railroad) Shell fractures Railroad-rail steel Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear In a recent Battelle study completed for the Department of Transportation (DOT) [ 1 ], it was found that nearly 10 percent of over 10,000 1-mile segments of revenue-service railroad rail contained one or more detail...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fatigue failure, the delamination failure, and the rolling-contact wear. ceramics delamination failure fatigue cracks propagation rolling contact fatigue test machines rolling-contact fatigue rolling-contact wear spalling fatigue failure surface cracks TECHNICAL CERAMICS used as...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... alternating stress field within the rolling-contact bodies, which eventually leads to material removal. The mechanism of RCF thus differs from the delamination theory of wear ( Ref 1 , 2 ), which also relies on cyclic loading but in sliding conditions and at asperity level. The alternating stress field in...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... bearings are designed on the principle of rolling contact rather than sliding contact; frictional effects, although low, are not negligible, and lubrication is essential. The article lists the typical characteristics and causes of several types of failures. It describes failure by wear, failure by fretting...