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Retaining rings

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A shrunk-fit 18 Mn-5Cr steel retaining ring failed without warning during normal unit operation of a 380 MW electrical generator. The cause of the ring failure was determined to be intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (IGSCC) because of the high strength of the ring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0046057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract After less than 30 days in service, several cadmium-plated retaining rings, made of 4140 steel tubing and heat treated to 36 to 40 HRC, broke during operation that included holding components of a segmented fitting in place under a constant load. Photographic and 100x nital...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract A bomb retaining ring fabricated from type 302 stainless steel unwrapped during a practice flight, causing the bomb fins to deploy. The retaining ring was able to unwrap itself because it was thinner and softer than required. Hardness testing, metallography, and tensile...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract The cause of the fatigue failure in the retaining ring of the compressor region of an aero-engine turbine was found to be the presence of a high concentration of nonmetallic inclusions. The results of chemical analysis were used to estimate the phases present. The most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of microcracks in a retaining ring groove that were accelerated to sudden failure when the tool post and chuck collided. spline shaft overload failure fatigue cracking carbon steel microcracking metallographic analysis fracture toughness 1035 (nonresulfurized carbon steel) UNS G10350...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... instantaneous brittle failure which wrecked the machine, fortunately without human casualty. Forgings Retaining rings Turbogenertors Fe-0.74C-10Mn-5Ni-3.5Cr Brittle fracture Fatigue fracture Introduction Selected References Selected References • Fatigue Failures , Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0089254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract A failed tapered-ring sprocket locking device consisted of an assembly of four tapered rings that are retained by a series of cap screws. The middle wedge-shaped rings were pulled closer as the screws were tightened forcing the split inner ring to clamp tightly onto the shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract An automotive front-wheel outer angular-contact ball bearing generated considerable noise shortly after delivery of the vehicle. The inner and outer rings were made of seamless cold-drawn 52100 steel tubing, the balls were forged from 52100 steel, and the retainer was stamped...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... in the inner-ring raceway which had been softened by the elevated temperatures reached during the failure. Broken retainers and worn and bent out of shape seals were found. Penetration of gritty particles, water and other corrosive agents and leakage of lubricant out of the bearing permitted by the worn seals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... of the failure. The bicycle overall was in good condition, but detailed investigation revealed that the lower stem bearing had been loose for some time and its outer chromium plated retaining ring contained many cracks ( Fig. 2 ). Metallographic examination of the ring confirmed the brittle nature of the cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... hardened metal in the bores, and a variable pattern of residual stress. Bursting strength Electric generators Forgings Retaining rings Fe-0.65C-8Ni-8Mn-4Cr Intergranular fracture Brittle fracture The year 1954 seems to have been a peculiarly unlucky one for large electrical generators...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... mechanism. Hardness readings taken at several axial locations on the drive shaft showed a reasonably uniform hardness of approximately 570 HV. The impeller and the retaining ring each had a hardness of approximately 780 HV, and the parts surrounding the impeller (including the vanes) exhibited...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... guide vane (NGV) assembly is positioned on the rear combustion inner case and has air-cooled vanes welded together in groups of three, forming a circular vane assembly secured by HP turbine front air seal and outer retaining ring. The HP turbine rotor assembly comprises of a disk, blades, rotor shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to reduce leakage. Removal of the stainless steel sleeve revealed that tightening of the retaining nut had forced the end of the sleeve against the machined stainless steel shoulder on the shaft and had permanently flattened the O-ring seal. Fig. 1 Stub-shaft assembly, for agitator in a polyvinyl...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is permitted by the rotation of these elements. Bearing raceways that conform closely to the shape of the rolling elements are normally used to house the rolling elements.The rolling elements are usually positioned within the bearing by a retainer, cage, or separator; in ball bearings of the filling-slot type...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in the corners of the outer ring and grew large enough for a fracture to occur. cylindrical roller bearing fatigue fracture grease degradation bearing steel leaded brass retained austenite Raman spectroscopy thermogravimetric analysis chemical composition GCr15 (high-carbon chromium-alloy steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Recurring, premature failures occurred in TiN-coated M2 gear hobs used to produce carbon steel ring gears. Fractographic and metallographic examination, microhardness testing, and chemical analysis by means of EDS revealed that the primary cause of failure was a coarse...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Chemical analysis of the cracked metal showed a slightly higher level of carbon than in the component that did not crack. X-ray diffraction studies of material from the fractured dome showed a very low level of retained austenite, and chemical analysis showed a slightly higher content of carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... martensite and unstable retained austenite, often fail by quench cracking. Figure 16(a) shows a 44-cm (17 1 2 -in.) OD × 33-cm (13-in.) ID × 5-cm (2-in.) thick ring forging made of AISI O1 tool steel that cracked during quenching. Temper color was present on the crack surface. The interior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The forging was overaustenitized (unstable retained austenite was present) and was decarburized to a depth of approximately 0.5 mm (0.020 in.). Temper color was present on the crack walls. (b) Interior microstructure of the cracked ring forging. Unstable retained austenite (white) and coarse plate martensite...