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Repair welding

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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 While the shaft was being machined (to prepare it for repair welding), it broke apart. Note that a second crack lies next to the fracture surface. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 To prepare the shaft for repair welding, a machinist cut a groove into the fractured zone. After a dowel was inserted through the centers to hold the two sections in place, welding proceeded. Note electrical coils that wrap each section; they were used for preheating and postheating More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract A fuel-nozzle-support assembly showed transverse indications after fluorescent liquid-penetrant inspection of a repair-welded area at a fillet on the front side of the support neck adjacent to the mounting flange. Visual examination disclosed an irregular crack. The crack through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract The AISI 1080 steel crankshaft of a large-capacity double-action stamping press broke in service and was repair welded. Shortly after the crankshaft was returned to service, the repair weld fractured. The repair-weld fracture was examined ultrasonically which revealed many internal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... The hanger was made from malleable cast iron that had been heat treated to produce a decarburized surface layer and a pearlitic transition layer. It had been repair welded after breaking into two pieces longitudinally in a prior incident, using cast iron as weld metal. The repair weld bead on both surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract An outer fan-duct assembly of titanium alloy Ti-5Al-2.5Sn (AMS 4910) for a gas-turbine fan section cracked 75 mm (3 in.) circumferentially through a repair weld in an arc weld in the front flange-duct segment. Examination of the crack with a binocular microscope revealed no evidence...
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 9 Closeup views of a repair weld covering a casting void or shrinkage cavity. Etched in Vilella's reagent. (a) ∼1.09×. (b)∼6.2× More
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 6 Microstructure of material away from the repair welds. 122×. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Crack in the repair-welded area of a type 321 stainless steel fuel-nozzle-support assembly because of incorrect welding procedure. (a) Photograph showing the crack in the fillet on the front side of the support neck. Approximately 6×. (b) Section through the support neck. Arrow More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... revealed a fatigue crack through about one-third of the cross section. A secondary fatigue crack, perpendicular to the main fracture, was also observed. The composition of the weld deposit corresponded to a heat treatable flux-cored arc welding filler material that was known to have been used for repair...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... to heat-affected zone cracking, residual stresses, the lower fatigue strength of the weld deposited metal, and weld defects. Repair welding Shafts (power) Weld defects Fe-0.6C Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture It is true to say that the construction of engineering plant — vessels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... stresses. The fracture of the second elbow near the flange was caused by overaging during repair welding of the boss weld. Satisfactory weld penetration was achieved by improved training of the welders plus more careful inspection. Repair welding was prohibited, to avoid recurrence of overaging from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Microstructure of one of the semilenticular areas in Fig. 4 , clearly showing it to be a weldment. 61×. Fig. 6 Microstructure of material away from the repair welds. 122×. Fig. 7 Microstructure of material adjacent to the weld and at the fracture surface shown in Fig. 4 . 122...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... steel turntable rail in a wind tunnel test section was investigated. All cracks were oriented transverse to the axis of the rail, and some had propagated through the flange into the web. Through-flange cracks had been repair welded. A section of the flange containing one through-flange crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... max Sulfur 0.012 0.04 max Silicon 0.72 1.50 max Nickel 0.42 1.00 max Chromium 11.58 11.5–14.0 Molybdenum <0.05 0.50 max Composition of the repair weld, as determined by the EDS SQ method Table 2 Composition of the repair weld, as determined by the EDS SQ method...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... (0.3 in.) thick type 304 stainless plate leaked during hydrotesting. Repeated attempts at repair welding did not alleviate the problem. Examination of samples from one dished end revealed that the cracking was confined to the heat affected zone (HAZ) surrounding circumferential welds and, to a lesser...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001744
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., weld cracks (severe stress concentrations) formed during repair welding. Cracks were severely oxidized. The main cause was incorrect repair and inadequate inspection of the fitting. In a cast CrNi alloy ski wheel axle, brittle fatigue failure emanated from welding cracks (notches). These welding cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... 63× Abstract During 5.7 years of service, dye penetrant inspection of Inconel 800H pigtail connections regularly showed cracks at weld toes. Weld repairs were not able to prevent reoccurrence but often aggravated the condition. Samples containing small, but detectable, reducer-to-pigtail...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... 0.0030 0.001 nil JIS-SM50B 0.18 (max) 1.50 (max) 0.55 (max) 0.04 (max) 0.04 (max) … … … … Hardness results Table 3 Hardness results Location Hardness, HV Original weld (inner side) 176–181 Originial weld (outer side) 180–187 First repair weld (10–12 mm deep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... attack was apparent. A low dead spot at the skirt / tube sheet joint allowed the Nox to condense and subsequently reboil. This, coupled with repeated repair welding in the area, reduced resistance to acid attack. Intergranular corrosion continued until failure. Recommendations included changing operating...