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Reinforcing steels

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Image
Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 2 Typical multiple cracks radiating from a punched hole in the reinforcing steel sheet (as-received). 3×. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract Some corrosion processes in the presence of chlorides, for steel embedded in concrete, are described and illustrated with the aid of scanning electron microscope EDXA data. Observations made of failure surfaces of reinforcements removed from the concrete beams after being subjected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract The failure during use of a seat on a heavy-duty swing set at an elementary school was investigated. The seat contained a perforated reinforcing sheet metal (galvanized type 430 stainless steel) insert covered by an elastomeric material. Specimens of the reinforcing sheet from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0007736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in the concrete. Chlorides Concrete construction Reinforcing steels Wire Steel wire Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Pitting corrosion Single 6.4-mm (0.25-in) posttensioning wires failed in a parking garage in the southern portion of the United States. A typical anchorage with a broken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... to rupture. Cables Concrete construction Reinforcing steels Tension tests Wire St 145/160 Ductile fracture During the construction of a prestressed concrete viaduct, several wires 12.2 mm in diameter ruptured after tensioning but before the channels were grouted. They were made of heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A type 321 stainless steel (AMS 5570) pressure-tube assembly that contained a brazed reinforcing liner leaked during a pressure test. Fluorescent liquid-penetrant inspection revealed a circumferential crack extended approximately 180 deg around the tube parallel to the fillet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... of adequate tempering was the secondary cause. Castings Porosity Prestressed concrete Shrinkage Stretching Tools Carburizing steel Casting-related failures This tool is used to stretch reinforcement wires in prestressed concrete. Reinforcement wires are apparently inserted into a hole...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... and the retaining bolt, which then allowed the axle to move out of its housing. The cap material was a cast 0.25% carbon steel. The retaining bolt failed in the threaded region, with no evidence of fatigue. One of the reinforcing straps welded to the outer surface of the cap had also fractured as the result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... It is clear that the cause of the tank failure was brittle fracture originating at the welds connecting the manway neck to the reinforcing pad at the northwest manway cutout. The steel had a low impact energy for fracture even at 20 C (70 F), and at the time of failure the air temperature was around −27 C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract Leakage was detected at the welds between stiffening plates and the pipe in a transfer line carrying butane and related petrochemical compounds. The line and reinforcing rings were of AISI 316 stainless steel, the pipe being of 508 mm diam and 6.25 mm wall thickness. The design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Uniform corrosion Introduction Bridges located in coastal environments suffer many of the same corrosion problems as those exposed to repeated applications of deicing salts. Salt contamination of concrete causes corrosion of the steel reinforcement leading to cracking of the concrete as a result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
..., as specified in AS 3791-1991 Hydraulic Hoses. This type of hose consisted of an inner tube of oil-resistant synthetic rubber, a single medium-carbon steel wire braid reinforcement, and an oil-and-weather resistant synthetic rubber cover. The wire braiding was found to be severely corroded in the area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... hydraulic hoses), the wire reinforcing strands were a medium-carbon steel in the cold drawn condition. Radiographic nondestructive testing (NDT) was recommended to determine when a hydraulic hose should be replaced. Hydraulic hoses Wire reinforcement Carbon steel Ductile fracture Crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Bending fatigue caused crack propagation and catastrophic failures at several locations near the welds on the low-carbon steel tubular cargo box frame of police three-wheel motorcycles. ANSYS finite element analysis revealed that bending stresses in some of the frame members were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001068
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Circumstances Leading to Failure Figure 1 is a diagram of a tank showing the major dimensions and the position of various nozzles ad reinforcement rings. The four identical tanks were fabricated from 5 mm (0.2 in.) thick type 304L stainless steel plate by tungsten-inert gas (TIG) welding of a shell...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...) was already corroded prior to being fitted, or, the hose experienced aggressive conditions causing rapid corrosion of the exposed wire strands. Hydraulic hoses Wire reinforcement Carbon steel Crevice corrosion Background The boom lift equalizer hose on an excavator failed and the resultant...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Section through the cracked wall of a type 321 stainless steel pressure tube (region A) showing the branched transgranular nature of the crack. The crack origin (arrow B) was at the inner surface of the tube, next to the braze (region C) joining the tube to the reinforcing liner (region More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 2 Section through the cracked wall of a type 321 stainless steel pressure tube (region A) showing the branched transgranular nature of the crack. The crack origin (arrow B) was at the inner surface of the tube, next to the braze (region C) joining the tube to the reinforcing liner (region More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... corrosion. The thinned tubes were reinforced by pad welding. Type 304 stainless steel shields were welded to the stainless steel portions of the top reheater tubes and were held in place about the chromium-molybdenum steel portions of the tubes by steel bands. Coal dust Heat exchanger tubes Thinning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract An 1100 aluminum alloy connector of a high-tension aluminum conductor steel-reinforced (ACSR) transmission cable failed after more than 20 years in service, in a region of consider able industrial pollution. The steel core was spliced with a galvanized 1020 carbon steel sheath. Visual...