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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 11 Reflection-based C-scan More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 63 Schematic diagrams. (a) Reflection time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) system. Courtesy of ION-TOF GmbH, Munster, Germany. (b) TRIFT ToF-SIMS system. SED, secondary electron detector. Courtesy of Physical Electronics Inc., Chanhassen, MN More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 27 Reflected-light optical micrograph of the fracture surface of medium-density polyethylene pipe. Arrows indicate the direction of crack propagation. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Reflected-light optical micrograph of the fracture surface of medium-density polyethylene pipe. Arrows indicate the direction of crack propagation. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Reflectivity error test apparatus More
Image
Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 3 Representative service-failure fracture surface, showing reflective, granular appearance More
Image
Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 4 Higher-magnification view of edge of pit in the weld area, reflecting preferential interdendritic attack along with the absence of surface etching orother attack on the metal immediately adjacentto the pit. 450×. More
Image
Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 4 Scanning electron micrograph of transversal section. (a) Reflected electrons. (b) Energy-dispersive analysis for zinc mapping. More
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 6 Outer edge of a failure origin. This area reflects an intergranular mode of crack propagation. The intergranular region extends to the extreme outer surface of the fracture (some separation of the carbon replica is seen at this outer edge). 1900× More
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 11 A magnified view of Fig. 10 , reflecting the intergranular path along prior austenite boundaries. Secondary cracks emanating from the primary crack are also evident. Vilella etch, 435× More
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Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 2 Tail rotor blade spar failure surface showing flat fracture, reflective facets, and a dark spot at the arrow. Approximately. 0.95× More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... position under a reverberating load for an extended period of time. Loads (forces) Reflection Spur gears Vibration 8622 UNS G86220 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) wear Three spur gears that had formed a straight-line train in a speed reducer were brought in for examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0059924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and calibrated using the back-surface-reflection method to determine whether adequate ultrasonic penetration was available. Areas of indications were noted at approximately midheight and adjacent to the bore area. An axial angle-beam inspection from the outside was performed, mainly in the area of indications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... conditions than those encountered in most applications of PE pipes. Visual inspection and reflected-light optical micrographs were used to plot bandwidth as a function of crack length. The conclusion was that, contrary to the dominant belief that pipe failure initiates from surface defects, a critical size...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... on quality-control hold. Investigation included visual inspection, 24x micrographs, and FTIR in the reflectance mode. The spectrum obtained on the included material was characteristic of polybutadiene, the rubber-modifying agent present in ABS. This supported the conclusion that the inclusion's most likely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... lighting and microscopic photography. Special techniques can be employed to deal with highly reflective conditions and are also described in this article. digital cameras failure analysis microscopic photography photographic lighting visual examination FAILURE ANALYSIS is an investigative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article is a compilation of terms and definitions related to failure analysis and prevention. This glossary is intended to help promote clear thinking and useful failure analysis. The definitions presented are those used in this volume and reflect common and modern understanding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract The spontaneous breakage of tempered glass spandrel panels used to cover concrete wall panels on building facades was investigated. Between January 1988 and August 1990, 19 panel failures were recorded. The tinted panels were coated on their exterior surfaces with a reflective metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This glossary is a compilation of terms related to the analysis and prevention of component and equipment failures. It is intended to help promote clear thinking and useful failure analysis. The definitions presented are those used in this Volume and reflect a common and modern...
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 16 Types of anode targets in x-ray tubes. (a) Transmission type. (b) Reflection type. (c) Rotating reflection type More