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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... shrinkage cavities. Investment castings Materials handling Nuclear reactor components Porosity Radioactive materials Servomechanisms Shrinkage 420 UNS S42000 Casting-related failures Background Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion and Recommendations Selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... for reaching. Controls are contained in a remote space shielded from the radioactive material. Radioactive materials are always shielded from personnel, and tooling changes are accomplished in an area remote to these materials. Figure 4 shows the Monitor system, and Fig. 5 shows the controls area. Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract High-level radioactive wastes generated during the processing of nuclear materials are kept in large underground storage tanks made of low-carbon steel. The wastes consist primarily of concentrated solutions of sodium nitrate and sodium hydroxide. Each of the tanks is equipped...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... with the surface mapping equipment prior to mapping the canister. The mapping equipment was originally developed to use weld surface topography to provide unique identification of canisters containing radioactive materials. This was the first time laser surface mapping has been applied to this type...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Argonne National Laboratory has conducted analyses of failed components from nuclear power-generating stations since 1974. The considerations involved in working with and analyzing radioactive components are reviewed here, and the decontamination of these components...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the outlet end of the tube. More detailed studies could only be conducted after the tube was removed from the reactor and transferred to the Chalk River Laboratories, where facilities exist for handling highly radioactive material. Visual examinations of the outside surface of the tube confirmed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001599
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... , Metals Park, OH , 1987 , p. 1611 . 3. Imrich K.J. and Jenkins C.F. : Materials Performance in a Radioactive Waste/Glass Melter System Environment , Corrosion/96, National Association of Corrosion Engineers , Houston, TX , 1996 . 4. Martinz H.P. , Leichtfried G...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract This paper describes the remote ultrasonic (UT) examinations of a high-level radioactive waste storage tank at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. The inspections, carried out by E.R. Holland, R.W. Vande Kamp, and J.B. Elder, were performed from the contaminated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... 1. Stone M.E. : Fused Glass Former Evaluation in the 5″ Cylindrical Induction Melter , WSRC-TR-2000-000162, Rev. 0, Westinghouse Savannah River Company , Aiken, SC , May 17 , 2000 . 10.2172/757629 2. Cadek J. : Creep in Metallic Materials , Elsevier Science Publishing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Site (SRS), is stored in concrete lined, water-filled basins located at the individual reactors. This storage time for this fuel is typically 9–18 months to allow for cooling of the radioactive species generated during reactor operation. A typical fuel assembly is taken from the reactor core...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... be surprisingly low as long as certain other conditions exist ( Refs. 1 , 2 , 3 & 4 ). Given a stainless steel system, where chloride contamination exists, what can be done to continue using the system, without replacing all the contaminated material and still eliminate the concern about TGSCC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to minimize radioactivity. However, an attempt was made to determine the composition of the material at an intergranular crack at the edge of the specimen. There were no detectable compositional differences between the grain boundary and the rest of the material. This is not a significant observation because...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Large quantities of aluminum-clad spent nuclear materials have been in interim storage in the fuel storage basins at The Savannah River Site while awaiting processing since 1989. This extended storage as a result of a moratorium on processing resulted in corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Society of Metals , 1982 . 4. American Society for Testing and Materials, Section 3 , Metals Test Methods and Analytical Procedures , Vol. 03.01 , p. 124 , Philadelphia, Pa. , 1986 . 5. Ludtka G. M. and Bird E. L. , “Heat Treating of Uranium and Uranium Alloys,” ASM Metals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... making aluminum alloys the preferred materials of construction. Normally, the gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons in the aluminum equipment are not corrosive. The process streams are dry, and the organic chemicals do not react with the aluminum alloys. The ethylene plant in which the piping failure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... (d) 3 × 10 5 cycles Fig. 32 Plot of the coefficient of friction versus the number of fretting cycles for three selected materials tested on steel. PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene Fig. 33 Plot of contact resistance versus the number of fretting cycles Fig. 34 Typical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...). In most applications for failure analysis, qualitative results are adequate, but the method can determine quantitative elemental compositions to a precision of 0.01 wt% with relative accuracies of ±5%, depending on the specific material, type of x-ray detector used, the method of data analysis employed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract An intergranular stress-corrosion cracking failure of 304 stainless steel pipe in 2000 ppm B as H3BO3 + H2O at 100 deg C was investigated. Constant extension rate testing produced an intergranular type failure in material in air. Chemical analysis was performed on both...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 14 Erosion rate of different metals and alloys (frequency = 20 kHz; specimen mounted in vibration horn; vibration amplitude = 50 μm; temperature = 20 °C; liquid: distilled water). Source: Ref 2 Fig. 15 Erosion rate of different materials in a vortex erosion apparatus (input pressure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract Nondestructive testing (NDT), also known as nondestructive evaluation (NDE), includes various techniques to characterize materials without damage. This article focuses on the typical NDE techniques that may be considered when conducting a failure investigation. The article...