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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the three legal theories on which a products liability lawsuit is based and the issues of hazard, risk, and danger in the context of liability. It describes manufacturing and design defects of various products. The article explains a design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... not break during testing. Engineering expert litigation Manufacturing standards Products liability Quality control Metal Brittle fracture Often the first reaction of an expert or lawyer receiving a case from a client is simply a question or two. How can a strategy be developed to work...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0005695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the Designer and the Manufacturer,” Failure Prevention Through Education, Getting to the Root Cause, Conference Proceedings , ASM International, May 2000, and (b) “Product Liability and Design” in this Volume of the ASM Handbook. ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Asperger, “Legal Definition of a Product Failure: What the Law Requires of the Designer and the Manufacturer,” Failure Prevention Through Education, Getting to the Root Cause, Conference Proceedings , ASM International, May 2000; and the article “Products Liability and Design” in Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
.../asm.hb.v11.a0001814 This article was adapted from C.O. Smith, Products Liability and Design, Materials Selection and Design , Volume 20, ASM Handbook , p 146–151. ...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a second issue that has emerged with the rise in product liability suits: the chain of evidence. It has been seen how this is important in criminal cases where the police sometimes have lost evidence, and then it cannot be admitted into the case. The same situation now applies to product liability cases...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... for a failure analysis study to include a description of the legal aspects of the case. Yet for the individual or organization involved in a product liability case, as plaintiff or defendant, the blend of the legal and the technical is extremely important. The combination is called forensic engineering...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., introducing compressive residual stress at the fillet surface to prevent fatigue initiation. The problem was finally circumvented by redesigning the original all-metal caliper centering assembly with high-performance composite bushings. A major product liability concern was that a failed brake disc may...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... , p 48 – 49 . 5. Boyer H.E. , The Hammer , Met. Prog. , Feb 1978 , p 66 – 68 . 6. Smith C.O. , Products Liability: Are You Vulnerable? , Prentice-Hall , 1981 , p 204 – 228 . 7. Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol 11 , Failure Analysis and Preventation , American...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... References 1. Brown S.J. , The Product Liability Handbook: Prevention , Risk, Consequences, and Forensics of Product Failure, Van Nostrand Reinhold , New York, NY , 1991 , Chapter 10. 2. Nadi A. , Theory of Flow and Fracture of Solids , McGraw Hill , New York, NY , 1950 . 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... , Vol II , Failure Analysis and Prevention , American Society for Metals , 1986 , p 203 – 224 . 3. Experimental, Theoretical, and Ergonomic Analysis, Chapter 10 , The Product Liability Handbook: Prevention, Risks, Consequences, and Forensics of product failure , Brown S.J. , Ed., Van...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of product liability lawsuits is on the safety aspects of design ( Ref 16 ). It is often claimed that the litigation has the effect of “improving safety” ( Ref 17 ). However, it is probably more accurate to say that such lawsuits are a very expensive way of addressing safety, and that the results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to the fracture, Figure 5 . The fracture surface itself was covered with debris and corrosion products. “Mud cracking” of the corrosion products was observed, typical of SCC. The fracture was cleaned and re-examined via SEM. Corrosion damage was evident on the fracture surface, as well as intergranular cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for Fire and Explosion Investigations,” NFPA 921, National Fire Protection Agency , 2001 3. “Accident Prevention Manual for Business and Industry,” National Safety Council , 1997 4. “Standard Practice for Examining and Testing Items That Are or May Become Involved in Products Liability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , 2019 5. “ Standard Practice for Examining and Testing Items That Are or May Become Involved in Products Liability Litigation ,” ASTM E 860, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International 6. “ Standard Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... reinforcement leading to cracking of the concrete as a result of the expansive forces of the corrosion product. Once this happens, bridges must be either repaired or replaced. A 1993 report to congress stated that of the 575,413 bridges in the United States 44% are either structurally deficient or should...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...). Fig. 2 Testing apparatus, 60,000 lb Tinius Olsen testing machine. Load applied to the drive wrench fastened to a shaft fixture. The load initiates a static torsional load to the test wrench. The product of peak load and drive wrench determine ultimate torque Inspection of all the test wrench...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., without molecular degradation. Metal insert molding certainly offers distinct manufacturing and design advantages; however, it has inherent risks. These liabilities include the potential to generate excessive strain on the location of the part surrounding the insert due to a differential...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for conducting an RCA investigation. The PROACT software proposes to provide many benefits to the user. PROACT incorporates RCA methods that have been proved to reduce production costs while increasing production output. It cuts analysis time in half by eliminating the extensive administrative work...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... actions have been established as a consequence of the failure of medical implants in service. 6 The present U.S. legislation governing failure of medical devices is rigorous with respect to liability of the manufacturer. The manufacturers are considered legally responsible for the performance...