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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... sequence of failure involved overheating of the Cr-Mo outlet tubes, heavy oxidation, oxide cracking on thermal cycling, thermal fatigue cracking plus oxidation, creep-controlled crack growth, and rapid plastic deformation and rupture. This failure was indicative of excess temperature of the steam coming...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... after clamp removal. Clamping damage Mechanical properties Natural gas pipes Plastic pipe Residual stress Stable crack propagation High-density polyethylene Ductile fracture Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedures and Results Discussion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... cracked in air), and there was very limited plasticity. Macroscopic progression markings were observed on fracture surfaces of several couplings but were not generally evident. At very high magnifications, numerous slip lines, progression markings, and striations were observed. In a few cases, where...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) are typical of the damage caused by localized turbulence. The copper pipe was replaced with fiberglass-reinforced plastic piping. Fig. 10 Erosion pitting caused by turbulent river water flowing through copper pipe. The typical horseshoe-shaped pits point upstream. 0.5× In piping systems, erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Ref 61 ), elastic and elastic-plastic fracture ( Ref 62 – 64 ), extrusion ( Ref 65 , 66 ), fatigue ( Ref 67 , 68 ), delamination ( Ref 69 , 70 ), deformation localization ( Ref 52 , 60 , 71 , 72 ), and melting ( Ref 43 , 65 , 71 ). An even greater number of analytical models have been proposed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... represent these stresses once they have been transformed into elastic-plastic stresses. As can be seen in Fig. 5 , the stresses were higher than the material yield stress up to 7 mm (0.28 in.) in depth from the internal radius. Fig. 4 Stress levels through the pipe wall thickness, caused by thermal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 849 203 van der Waals Ar 7.8 1.8 Cl 2 31 7.4 Hydrogen NH 3 35 8.4 H 2 O 51 12.2 Source: Ref 1 , 2 Fig. 1 Typical stress-strain curve for a fiber, a plastic, and an elastomer Fig. 2 Typical creep and creep rupture behavior of ductile polymers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... appearance of the fracture surface and the macroscopic fracture morphology, indicates failure occurred in an elastic-plastic fracture mode. This failure mode is common in highly stressed structures when a flaw is present. The fact that 4 samples were evaluated here, with similar flaw sizes, offers some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Predictions of Different Coke Drum Support Skirt Designs , PVP2017-65807, Proceedings of the 2017 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference , July 16–20 , 2017 ( Waikoloa , HI ) 10.1115/PVP2017-65807 42. Dewees D. and Cooch M. , Elastic-Plastic Fatigue Evaluation of a Heavy Wall...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... plastic such as Teflon. The source of chlorine-bearing electrolyte should be removed by use of a chlorine-free cleaner that is aggressive to the pumped food product, but not the pipe. ...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... on the graphitization of steel . In: The Annual Meeting of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers , Nov. 1953 5. Baranov A.A. : Effect of plastic strain on graphitization of steel . Met. Sci. Heat Treat. 3 , 17 – 18 ( 1961 ) 10.1007/BF00815235 6. Neri M.A. , Colás R...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Piping , Vol 32 , theme issue, 1988 , p 3 – 104 10.1016/0308-0161(88)90071-3 14. Bloom J. , Appendix J—The Deformation Plasticity Failure Assessment Diagram (DPFAD) Approach to Evaluation of Flaws in Ferritic Piping , presented at the European Symposium on Elastic-Plastic Fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.../Plastic Material Behavior Analysis Nonlinear Analysis Contact Analysis Thermal Analysis Transient and Dynamic Analysis Thermal Transients Vibration and Dynamic Response Pipe Stress and Pressure Vessel Analysis Microelectronics Impact Analysis Special Purpose Applications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... , 1985 , p 890 2. White J.R. and Teh J.W. , Polymer , Vol 20 , 1979 , p 764 Selected Reference Selected Reference • Jansen J.A. , Characterization of Plastics in Failure Analysis , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis, and transient and dynamic analysis. In the recent decade or so, the application of FEA also has extended well into many areas that used to be regarded as “unchartered.” For example, the use of extended finite-element modeling has enabled FEA users to apply both elastic and elastic-plastic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of construction in industry. Nonmetallic materials, such as woods, plastics, polymers, and paints, provide good indicators of lower-temperature exposures. Paints are used to protect structures, especially carbon steel, from rusting. The condition of the paint after an event can be particularly telling, because...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for Turbine Components, Piping, and Tubing” in this Volume and in Ref 26 . In the earlier design days the principal design consideration was stress, that is, the load to cause failure at a specific wall thickness or cross-sectional area. The criterion for failure could be yielding resulting in plastic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... on the fracture was apparent, as was a lack of plastic deformation adjacent to the fracture. Fig. 4 Transverse section of outside surface of the pipe. Unetched. 59.25× Fig. 5 Transverse section of outside surface of the pipe. Unetched. 68.25× Of greater importance, however...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... , “ Assessment of the Integrity of Structures Containing Defects ,” R/H/R6, Revision 3, Central Electricity Generating Board, Leatherhead, Surrey , England , May 1986 39. Kumar V. , German M.D. , and Shih C.F. , “ An Engineering Approach for Elastic-Plastic Fracture Analysis ,” EPRI NP...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to high temperatures. The combined effect of pitting, incrustations, and phase transformations caused the pipe to rupture. boiler tube fracture corrosion pits salt incrustation carbon steel thermal fatigue striations dimples microstructural analysis plastic strain A192 (carbon steel) UNS...