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Pipe Plugs

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A white cast iron water-line plug in a fire sprinkler systems split during leak repair. Examination revealed no material flaws, fatigue, or excessive corrosion. The plug head exhibited signs of excessive loads used in attempts to force the plug farther into the pipe...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the plug weld location. Another consideration is the use of seamless pipe to manufacture the roll. Seamless pipe exhibits significantly larger wall thickness variations when compared to rolled and welded pipe, such as ASTM A53. Any issues that might be associated with the pipe longitudinal weld would...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... plate had exfoliated from the base material and cracked. Recommendations included replacing the piping with a more corrosion-resistant material such as red brass (UNS C23000), inhibited Admiralty brass (UNS C44300), or arsenical aluminum brass (UNS C68700). Dezincification Fresh water...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fatigue hydrogen embrittlement metallurgical discontinuities pressure vessel stress raisers stress rupture stress-corrosion cracking welding PRESSURE VESSELS, piping, and associated pressure boundary items of the types used in nuclear and conventional power plants, refineries, and chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 171 4. Kamdar M.H. , Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement , Corrosion , Vol 13 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 184 5. Sperling E.J. and Warke W.R. , Metal Induced Cracking of Aluminum Alloy Piping , PVP , Vol 288...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to the cold plug condition that is produced in some emergency shutdown and valve test situations. It was also demonstrated that thermal fatigue is capable of propagating a crack only up to a 7 mm (0.28 in.) depth in the pipe wall; beyond that depth, it grows primarily by SCC or corrosion fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract A large diameter steel pipe reinforced by stiffening rings with saddle supports was subjected to thermal cycling as the system was started up, operated, and shut down. The pipe functioned as an emission control exhaust duct from a furnace and was designed originally using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Conshohocken, PA , 1993 , p 181 – 192 , 10.1520/STP12763S 6. Sperling E.J. and Warke W.R. , Metal Induced Cracking of Aluminum Alloy Piping , PVP, Vol 288, Service Experience and Reliability Improvement: Nuclear Fossil and Petrochemical Plants , American Society of Mechanical Engineers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A welded joint between lengths of 4 in. OD x 13 SWG copper pipe which formed part of a cold-water main failed by cracking over one-third of the circumference. Microscopic examination of the filler metal showed that it had a structure corresponding to a brass of the 60:40 type...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Equivalent tensile strength 40 t.p.s.i. It was subsequently ascertained that the top end bearings of the connecting rods in this engine were originally fed with oil from the bottom ends by means of external pipes carried along the side flutes in the rods. About five years prior to the mishap...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... piping. On one side of the blender there is a gear (approximately 1.3 m diameter) that rotates the blender for mixing. Several water lines enter the jacket on this side. For support on the other side, the blender has a steel wheel that rides on several smaller wheels. The belt drive that turns...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the resistance of the current path in the solution and the external circuit. Thus, if dissimilar pipes are butt welded with the electrolyte flowing through them, the most severe corrosion will occur adjacent to the weld on the anodic member. Effect of Shape The geometry of the circuit elements determines...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 2 Ball mill liner plates. (a) New condition, before installation. (b) Worn condition, with partially worn grinding belt Fig. 3 Worn cone crusher liner after three months of use Fig. 8 Streamlines for water in pipe of variable diameter. Source: Ref 24 Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... gas-dryer piping Table 2 Compositions and thicknesses of layers of corrosion product found on inner surface of low-carbon steel gas-dryer piping Layer (see Fig. 4c ) Carbon, % (a) Sulfur, % (b) Stoichiometric ratio Probable composition Approximate thickness mm in. 1 10...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... be inspected. Here's what they exhibited: Damage in areas beneath support plates having areas of through perforation. Complete tube rupture where it contacted the edge of the support plate. (The tubes looked as though they had been severed with a dull pipe cutter.) No evidence, visually...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... (with a wide range of sizes) were used; the type generally depended on whether the couplings were used to connect piping or to plug into equipment. Some couplings (termed stud-standpipe adaptors , or SSPAs) were machined from extruded hexagonal bar stock in two parts and joined by a crimping process at room...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by producing longitudinal and transverse sections. Each direction shows different information. (a) Medium-carbon steel plate. Nital etch. Transverse and (b) longitudinal sections. (c) Copper water pipe. Ferric chloride etch. Transverse and (d) longitudinal sections The practices that should be used when...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... applications in piping and pressure vessel analysis, impact analysis, and microelectronics. The article describes the steps involved in the design process using the FEA. It concludes with two case histories that involve the use of FEA in failure analysis. References References 1. Love E.H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and the anode surfaces affects the resistance of the current path in the solution and the external circuit. Thus, if dissimilar pipes are butt welded with the electrolyte flowing through them, the most severe corrosion will occur immediately adjacent to the weld on the anodic member. Effect of Shape...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... development and both general- and special-purpose applications of FEA. The special-purpose applications of FEA covered are piping and pressure vessel analysis, impact analysis, and microelectronic and microelectromechanical systems analysis. The article provides case histories that involved the use of FEA...