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Phosphorus-deoxidized copper

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...-corrosion cracking. Although copper is not susceptible in the pure state, it is prone to stress-corrosion cracking under tensile stress in the presence of other elements in a damp ammoniacal atmosphere. The material was not defective, but a phosphorus-deoxidized copper type. The residual phosphorus combined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract Eddy-current inspection was performed on a leaking absorber bundle in an absorption air-conditioning unit. The inspection revealed crack-like indications in approximately 50% of the tubes. The tube material was phosphorus-deoxidized copper. Investigation (visual inspection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... form of cuprous oxide. 52× In the nonleaking tube, several superficial pits were present. This tube also had a much thinner corrosion deposit over the interior of the tube compared with the tube that leaked. The microstructure was typical of phosphorus-deoxidized copper in the annealed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Trans. A , Vol 27 ( No. 10 ), Oct 1996 , p 3081 – 3088 10.1007/BF02663857 11. Liang F.-L. and Laird C. , Control of Intergranular Fatigue Cracking by Slip Homogeneity in Copper, Part I: Effect of Grain Size , Mater. Sci. Eng. A , Vol 117 ( No. 1–2 ), Sept 1989 , p 95...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol 27 ( No. 10 ), Oct 1996 , p 3081 – 3088 10.1007/BF02663857 15. Liang F.-L. and Laird C. , Control of Intergranular Fatigue Cracking by Slip Homogeneity in Copper, Part I: Effect of Grain Size , Mater. Sci. Eng. A , Vol 117 ( No. 1–2 ), Sept...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in Fig. 4 . Face-centered-cubic (fcc) metals (for example, copper, aluminum, nickel, and austenitic steels) exhibit the greatest ductility during rapid fracture and, in benign environments, do not normally fracture via cleavage. However, brittle cracking of fcc metals can occur under conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Steels subject to combined high-temperature and high-pressure hydrogen. Also affects copper Irreversible chemical reactions of hydrogen with matrix or alloy elements form high-pressure pockets of gases other than molecular hydrogen. Cracking from hydride formation Transition, rare earth, alkaline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... attack Steels subject to combined high-temperature and high-pressure hydrogen. Also affects copper Irreversible chemical reactions of hydrogen with matrix or alloy elements form high-pressure pockets of gases other than molecular hydrogen. Cracking from hydride formation Transition, rare earth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., specifically oriented grains tend to crack, leaving a shiny, faceted appearance easily differentiated from dull and fibrous, dimple-rupture features. Cleavage in a steel sample is shown in Fig. 4 . Face-centered-cubic (fcc) metals (for example, copper, aluminum, nickel, and austenitic steels) exhibit...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... thiocyanate/acetone Blue color Identify cobalt-base alloys Copper Dithizone Purple color Sort copper-bearing stainless steels Iron Potassium ferricyanide Blue precipitate Sort low-iron high-temperature alloys Lead Sulfuric acid White precipitate Sort leaded bronze Molybdenum Potassium...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and copper. In determining if gas evolution can cause porosity, the thermodynamics for the reactions must be evaluated, as discussed in the article “Gases in Metals” in Casting, Volume 15 of ASM Handbook . The gases in cast iron that can cause porosity are hydrogen and nitrogen. Aluminum and copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... as one of the first comprehensive studies into the cause of season cracking, Moore, Beckinsale, and Mallinson concluded in their 1921 paper, “The Season Cracking of Brass and Other Copper Alloys,” that “some agency additional to the presence of initial (residual) stress appears to be necessary...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Copper alloy C70600 tube from a hydraulic-oil cooler. The cooler failed from crevice corrosion caused by dirt particles in river water that was used as a coolant. (a) Inner surface of hydraulic-oil cooler tube containing a hole (arrow A) and nodules (one of which is indicated by arrow B) formed from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... present. Iron carbide (cementite) decomposes to graphite and iron. Chromium is typically added to prevent this. In situ graphitization is also affected strongly by molybdenum content and deoxidation practice. The extent of these microstructural changes is generally increased near fracture sites, compared...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... range of creep embrittlement is 425 to 590 °C (800 to 1100 °F) and appears closely related to formation of fine IG precipitates during creep ( Ref 13 ). Impurities such as phosphorus, sulfur, copper, arsenic, antimony, and tin have been shown to reduce rupture ductility. Thermal-fatigue cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is confined to a small area of the failure. All etched with nital. 500× Energy-dispersive x-ray spectrometry (EDS) analysis of the debris showed the major constituent to be iron with traces of phosphorus, manganese, sodium, calcium, copper, zinc, potassium, silicon, chromium, and molybdenum. Thus...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1