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Nuts (fasteners)

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, and liquid-metal embrittlement of bolts and nuts. The article explains the most commonly used protective metal coatings for ferrous metal fasteners. Zinc, cadmium, and aluminum are commonly used for such coatings. The article also illustrates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... design was responsible for the loosening of the nut. It was recommended that the locking mechanism be redesigned and changed in all existing turbines. Locking Nuts (fasteners) Turbine disks Turbine steel (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure Background Visual Examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... require less exact alignment. Bending machines Castings Nuts (fasteners) Gray iron Brittle fracture The sand-cast gray iron flanged nut shown in Fig. 1(a) was used to adjust the upper roll on a 3.05-m (10-ft) pyramid-type plate-bending machine. The flange broke away from the body...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract After 14 months of service, cracks were discovered in castings and bolts used to fasten together braces, posts, and other structural members of a cooling tower, where they were subjected to externally applied stresses. The castings were made of copper alloys C86200 and C86300...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0048596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract SAE grade 5 U-bolts were used to fasten auxiliary dual wheels to the axles on a farm tractor. Under typical farm usage, the bolts are expected to have infinite life. However, several U-bolts made of 29 mm diam rod broke after less than 100 h of service. The bolt legs in which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to be martensitic as the fusion line was approached. The forged steel shaft was concluded to have failed by ductile fracture and possible reasons were discussed. Corrective measures adopted in the replacement shaft were specified. Agitators Chemical reactors Nuts (fasteners) O-ring seals 316 UNS S31600...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and a rigid structure. (b) Ideal relationship of bolt load to working load with an elastic fastener and a rigid structure. (c) Actual relationship (both fastener and structure elastic) of bolt load to working load Fig. 4 The 4520 steel semitrailer wheel studs that failed by fatigue. The wheel nuts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... recommendation caused the inner wheel nuts to loosen during break-in and lose the required clamping force. The development and promotion of educational programs on proper wheel tightening procedures was recommended. Automotive wheels Bolted joints Fasteners Mechanical properties 1541 UNS G15410...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001649
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the bolt at the time of re-torque and at the time of initial torque application several years earlier. Aerospace fasteners Fractography Ti-6Al-4V UNS R56406 Ductile fracture As in many industries, aerospace systems and components are subject to time-dependent degradation. The ongoing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of the bolts and stripping the nuts from the other two bolts, which remained unbroken. SEM fractography of the fracture surfaces of the four broken bolts indicated that the failure was due to reversed bending fatigue. Optical microscopy indicated that the bolts were heat treated to a tempered martensite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... until the rod broke by overload. Changing the tolerance on the threads virtually eliminated the fatigue problem. Threaded fasteners Tolerance 4140 UNS G41400 Fatigue fracture Background The Failure The Evaluation Conclusions References References 1. IS 4218 (Part 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract This paper describes the metallurgical investigation of a broken spindle used to attach an antenna to the mast of a naval vessel. Visual inspections of both failed and intact fastener assemblies were carried out both on-board ship and in the laboratory followed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048620
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of this type of defect. Fasteners Intergranular corrosion Zinc-aluminum die casting alloy Stress-corrosion cracking The two nuts shown in Fig. 1(a) and (b) were used to secure the water-supply pipes to the threaded connections on hot-water and cold-water taps. The nut used on the cold-water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Nineteen out of 26 bolts in a multistage water pump corroded and cracked after a short time in a severe working environment containing saline water, CO 2 , and H 2 S. The failed bolts and intact nuts were to be made from a special type of stainless steel as per ASTM A 193 B8S...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract The propeller from a small private airplane came off in flight. The head ends of all six attachment bolts remained in the propeller hub when it was found. Two threaded shanks with nuts remained with the engine, while the remaining four shank ends with their nuts were missing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract During the pre-test inspection following the stress calculation check on a 7-ton capacity Scotch derrick crane, it was noted that threads on the back stay anchorage bolts were of unusually fine pitch (11 tpi) and that the machined faces of the nuts showed irregular pits...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...). The zinc plating exacerbated the situation by providing a strong local corrosion cell in the form of a sacrificial anode region adjacent to the cracked thread. The enhanced generation of hydrogen in a corrosive environment subsequently lead to HASC of the wheel studs. Case-hardened fasteners...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... It was concluded that the bolt failed by a combination of SCC and fatigue. It was recommended that aerospace-quality fasteners meeting NAS 7104, NAS 7204, or NAS 7504 be used to replace the currently used fasteners. Cyclic fatigue Fasteners, Materials substitution 1040 UNS G10400 Stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...,” SPS Laboratory Report 974, SPS Laboratories , 1963 14. Baumgartner T.C. , “Fastener Performance at Elevated Temperatures,” presented at the Design Engineering Conf. , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1967 15. Kennedy E.M. Jr. , “The Effect of Cadmium Plating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-induced embrittlement are given for a fastener problem in Fig. 4 and an aircraft component problem in Fig. 5 . Fig. 4 Service failure of a low-alloy steel nut by liquid-metal-induced embrittlement (LMIE). Cadmium-plated, 4140 low-alloy steel (44 HRC) nuts were inadvertently used on bolts...