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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... jointing material was interposed between the serrated faces and the flanges. The first intimation of trouble was the onset of a high pitched noise audible over a radius of a quarter of a mile. The noise arose from violent lateral vibration of the serrated ring, which attained an amplitude and persisted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Gears can fail in many different ways, and except for an increase in noise level and vibration, there is often no indication of difficulty until total failure occurs. This article reviews the major types of gears and the basic principles of gear-tooth contact. It discusses the loading...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract Ball bearings made of type 440C stainless steel hardened to 60 HRC and suspected as the source of intermittent noise in an office machine were examined. A number of spots on the inner-ring raceway were revealed by scanning electron microscopy. The metal in the area around the spot...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... when the bearing was not rotating or during installation. It was concluded that the bearings had failed in rolling-contact fatigue. The noise was eliminated and the preload was reduced to 30 lb by using a different spring washer as a corrective measure. Computers Loads (forces) Noise Service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract An automotive front-wheel outer angular-contact ball bearing generated considerable noise shortly after delivery of the vehicle. The inner and outer rings were made of seamless cold-drawn 52100 steel tubing, the balls were forged from 52100 steel, and the retainer was stamped from 1008...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract After being in service for ten years the ball-and-race coal pulverizer was investigated after noises were noted in it. Its lower grinding ring was attached to the 6150 normalized steel outer main shaft while the upper grinding ring was suspended by springs from a spider attached...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Nodular cast iron crankshafts and their main-bearing inserts were causing premature failures in engines within the first 1600 km (1000 mi) of operation. The failures were indicated by internal noise, operation at low pressure, and total seizing. Concurrent with the incidence of engine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... transferred to the bearing races, creating an imbalance (enough to cause noise and fumes) that operators noted two days before the failure. Macrofeatures of the fracture surface resembled those of fatigue, but electron microscopy revealed brittle, mostly intergranular fracture. Classic fatigue features...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... diagram showing the directions of rotation of the nut and the turbine disk. Abstract A steam turbine developed excessive noise and vibration during routine operation. It was found that the nut that locked the turbine disk In place had worked its way out from the threads and the disk had come...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006941
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the extent of stress decay in materials that are pre-stressed, the noise and vibration transmission characteristics of a material, the amount of heat build-up in a material subjected to cyclic deformation, and the extent a material can recover from any prior deformation. Several qualitative graphs...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... mapping data collected on a carbon steel cooling water pipe with actual corrosion at a liquid to vapor interface. The image also shows pitting and corrosion patterns typical of actual wall loss, as well as noise spikes (also known as data dropout ). The noise spikes are noted with arrows in the top...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... ) is used in the UK. It represents the noise emitted during brittle cracking of a shaft or a component in the furnace during heat treatment. If the furnace temperature is raised too quickly, the outside of the shaft will be axially in compression and the core will be in tension. The core being made of a low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... the emergency brake in order to avert a collision with another crane which had moved on an adjacent site. A disturbing noise was heard from the tower structure and subsequent investigation revealed that one of the main 4 7 8 in. square tubular uprights had split over a short distance and that a number...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... residual stresses in the failure scenario, appropriate specimens were analyzed using the Barkhausen (magneto-elastic) method. A six-fold higher level of Barkhausen noise was found in cracked areas compared with both non-cracked areas and crack-free cylinders. This indicates the presence of either high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... are run at higher pressures such as 24/1 or 24/0.7 kg/cm 2 . The compressors are run under specified test conditions and must pass acceptance criteria for wear, performance (including noise and cooling capacity), and chemical stability. In accelerating the test condition with pressure, the wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... (beryllium). Drawbacks of silicon-lithium EDS systems are that a relatively poor resolution is obtained (peak width in the spectrum is ≈130 eV), and they have a poor signal-to-noise ratio compared to systems that characterize x-rays on the basis of wavelength, that is, wavelength-dispersive spectrometers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Spontaneously, the connection between the valve and the flexible hose exploded with such violence that the flexible hose completely disappeared. The noise produced by the explosion caused the welder to suffer tinnitus, a condition of constant ringing in the ears that results from eardrum damage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on the concept that, for a given flaw size, there will be a distribution of flaw signals. However, it must be recognized that, in the absence of any flaw, there will also be a distribution of noise signals from benign discontinuities (part geometry, grain boundaries, etc.), and these signals could lead to false...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and Analysis ,” J. Sound Vib. , 1994 , 176 , pp. 663 – 679 10.1006/jsvi.1994.1405 . 2. Perreira N.D. and Dubowsky S. : “ Analytical Method to Predict Noise Radiation from Vibrating Machine Systems ,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. , 1980 . 3. Hili M. Attia , Fakhfakh T...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... user, or both. The analyst should note comments by the field representative or bearing user regarding overheating, excessive noise, frequency of replacement, vibration, looseness, and resistance to shaft rotation. Before a failed bearing is removed from its housing, the orientation of the outer...