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Nitrogen dioxide

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Recommendations included revising the specification to require a minimum NO content of 0.6%. Nitrogen dioxide Pressure vessels Propellant tanks Ti-6Al-4V UNS R56406 Stress-corrosion cracking Nitrogen tetroxide, a storable hypergolic oxidizer, was used in the service propulsion system (SPS...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Barrier Coatings Ceramics Intermetallic Alloys Investigation Discussion Recommendations Protective Coatings Oxidation Carburization Metal Dusting Nitridation Carbon-Nitrogen Interaction Example 1: High-Temperature Degradation of a Gas Turbine Transition Duct...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or (rarely) nitrogen to prevent oxidation effects and allow transmission of short ultraviolet wavelengths absorbed by oxygen ( Ref 1 ). Fig. 1 Schematic of spark emission spectroscopy system. Source: Ref 1 Spark-emission OES is a mature analytical technique that is regularly used for analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... had been heavily deformed by the fin winding machine. Testing Procedure and Results Nondestructive Evaluation To more positively identify the source of leakage, both long tubes were pressurized with nitrogen at 276 kPa (40 psi) and brushed with soap solution. The leaking tube exhibited...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was provided by the concentration of salts in the corrosion deposit. In addition to ammonia, a number of environments can cause cracking, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide with ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, air contaminated with sulfur and nitrogen oxides, nitrates, phosphates, alkalis, chlorides, hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by other microorganisms in the community enables a very corrosive anaerobic, low-pH, chloride-rich environment to develop on the steel surface. Fig. 8 Increase in corrosion rate for steel treated with a corrosion inhibitor in carbon-dioxide-saturated 3% saline solution with addition of acetate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., gaseous carbon compounds, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and other gases from the environment into the interior of metal parts is also a major source of stress in service. Corrosion Product Wedging The formation of corrosion products by local attack in confined spaces produces high stress levels...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... present is iron with three peaks. There is also a trace of carbon detected, probably from oil on the surface of the part. There is no nitrogen present at a detectable level, and the location where it would have been found was labeled to emphasize this in Fig. 4(a) . A small trace of manganese...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ). Susceptibility to SCC is not only dependent on the intentional alloying elements but also on the presence of impurities, even in trace amounts. The effect of interstitial elements (boron, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen) on the susceptibility of metals to SCC is illustrated by the behavior of austenitic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...), and inserts and studs were assembled to the body. Then followed a series of exterior cleaning and coating procedures (orifices sealed), after which the valve body was stress-relieved in vacumm at 922K, air cooled, coated with foam insulation, nickel-plated, thermal shock tested (immersed in liquid nitrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... psig), 600 °C (1110 °F) and above >42 Advanced ultrasupercritical 27.8–34.5 MPa (4000–5000 psig), 700–760 °C (1300–1400 °F) >45 Source: Ref 34 Nominal composition of alloys tested in molten chlorides at 650 and 700 °C (1200 and 1290 °F) under nitrogen Table 3 Nominal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... in Table 2 , namely the high sulfur and high phosphorus content, it is apparent that it was made in an acid-lined furnace. The low nitrogen content precludes the possible use of a Bessemer converter in making this steel. Chemical analysis of the RMS Titanic and modern steel Table 2 Chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., nitrogen, phosphorus, trace metals, etc.) for cell renewal and growth. An understanding of these factors can sometimes help in failure investigations. Energy may be derived from sunlight through photosynthesis or from chemical reactions. The importance of photosynthetic metabolism is limited in the context...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-Nitrogen Stainless Steel in a Simulated Body Fluid , Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. , Vol 14 , 2013 , p 025002 10.1088/1468-6996/14/2/025002 11. Park W. , Jung J.P. , and Lee K.Y. , Overview of Fretting Corrosion in Electrical Connectors , Int. J. Automot. Technol. , Vol 7 , 2006...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... gases (e.g., metal-oxygen-carbon-nitrogen, under a wide range of partial pressures). These diagrams, the equivalent to Pourbaix diagrams for studying corrosion of a solid in aqueous media, are used to predict the direction of reactions and the phases present. From thermodynamic calculations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the load ( Fig. 16 ). These observations are discussed in greater detail in the section “Mechanism of Fretting Wear” in this article. Fig. 15 Plot of fretting wear versus number of cycles for mild steel with 90 μm (0.0036 in.) slip amplitude in both dry air and nitrogen atmospheres. Source: Ref...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... treated, was present. Consequently, an excessively high austenitizing temperature had been employed. The hardness was 56/57 HRC, which was increased to 62/64 HRC after the specimen was refrigerated in liquid nitrogen. Numerous failures have been traced to problems occurring during heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... treated, was present. Consequently, an excessively high austenitizing temperature had been employed. The hardness was 56/57 HRC, which was increased to 62/64 HRC after the specimen was refrigerated in liquid nitrogen. The maximum depth of the white-etching layer was 0.4 mm (0.016 in.). Surface regions...