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Nickel-base alloys, corrosion

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... confirmed the suitability of the nickel-chromium alloys for such an environment. Inconel 625 was selected for fabrication of a new preheater/exchanger. Heat exchangers, materials selection Incinerators, materials selection Internal oxidation Nickel-base alloys, corrosion Solvents, environment 309...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... had been applied in 1966, when these coatings were relatively new. It is evident that maintaining the integrity of a protective coating could significantly increase the life of a nickel-base alloy blade operating in a hot and corrosive environment. Corrosion products Diffusion coatings Turbine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...-resistant material, such as nickel, nickel-base alloy, or stainless steel, was recommended. Anodes Electrolytic cells Nuclear reactor components 1010 ASTM A519 MT1010 UNS G10100 Uniform corrosion Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and A 194. However, the investigation (which included visual, macroscopic, metallographic, SEM, and chemical analysis) showed that austenitic stainless steel and a nickel-base alloy were used instead. The unspecified materials are more prone to corrosion, particularly galvanic corrosion, which proved...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0046995
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... in the vicinity of the burners. The tubes had an original wall thickness of 3.0 mm (0.120 in.) and were made of three different alloys: the first was Hastelloy X; the second alloy was RA 333, a wrought nickel-base heat-resistant alloy; and the third was experimental alloy 634, which contained 72% Ni, 4% Cr...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., characteristic of chloride-induced SCC in austenitic stainless steels. The failure resulted from chloride-induced SCC, possibly assisted by cyclic stress. The recommendation for alternate material for the desuperheater nozzle included nickel base alloys per ASTM B 564, Grades 600 or 800 titanium alloy per ASTM B...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046874
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... or a nickel-base alloy, such as Hastelloy B or C. Relief valves Springs (elastic) Torsional fatigue H21 UNS T20821 Corrosion fatigue The safety valve on a steam turbogenerator was set to open when the steam pressure reaches 2400 kPa (348 psi). The pressure had not exceeded 1790 kPa (260 psi...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 12. Grabke H.J. , Metal Dusting of Low and High Alloyed Steels , Corrosion , Vol 51 ( No. 9 ), 1995 , p 711 13. Grabke H.J. , Krajak R. , Müller-Lorenz E.M. , and Strauβ S. , Metal Dusting of Nickel Base Alloys , Mater. Corros. , Vol 47 , 1996 , p 495...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Nickel-Base Alloys , Metall. Trans. , Vol 4 , 1973 , p 261 – 278 10.1007/BF02649626 152. Chiang K.T. , Pettit F.S. , and Meier G.H. , Low Temperature Corrosion , High Temperature Corrosion , NACE-6, Rapp R.A. , Ed., NACE International , Houston, TX , 1983 , p 519...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Fortunately, there are numerous commercially available alloys with a wide range of compositions and properties. The demands of the aerospace industry for improved joining processes have resulted in the development of heat- and corrosion-resistant braze filler metals, such as nickel- and cobalt-base alloys...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Engineering , McGraw-Hill , 1967 , p 31 – 33 . Selected Reference Selected Reference • Forms of Corrosion , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 761 – 795 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548 Several nickel-base superalloy (UNS N06600...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... can be obtained by using polarization curves, critical potentials, and the mixed potential of the galvanic couple. In chloride-bearing environments, galvanically induced localized corrosion of many stainless steels occurs in couples with copper or nickel and their alloys and with other more noble...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., galvanic series based on seawater or other standard electrolytes are worthwhile for initial materials selection for multiple metal/alloy systems in a given environment. A properly prepared galvanic series is easy to use and can answer simple galvanic-corrosion questions regarding the positions and relative...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... mapping revealed that the surface scale was composed mainly of chromium oxide with islands of iron/nickel sulfide and chromium sulfide. At the interface between the scale and the base metal chromium sulfide predominated ( Fig. 3 ). The intergranular scale consisted mainly of chromium sulfide with some...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of cracks, voids, and slag pockets were evident. Cracks originated in the weld nugget and propagated into the base material. Nickel-base welding rods are somewhat more difficult to use than stainless steel rods. When severe intergranular corrosion has occurred, the atomic bonding forces at the grain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and the unaffected cladding were compositionally similar and met the requirements of AISI type 317L stainless steel. The intermediate bond layer was a nickel-iron alloy. The corrosion deposits were primarily sulfur-bearing oxides of chromium, iron, and nickel. Results of chemical and SEM/EDS analyses...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by a fluxing reaction, allowing greatly accelerated oxidation and sulfidation to occur. The mechanisms by which the fluxing occurs vary, depending on the contaminant type and concentration. Figure 11 shows hot corrosion attack of nickel-base alloy René 77 ( Ref 4 ). Fig. 11 Hot corrosion attack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... components made of various high-temperature-resistant alloys. Type I hot corrosion was observed on buckets and nozzles. Hot corrosion type I attacks both nickel- and cobalt-based superalloys, e.g., GTD 111 for buckets and FSX414 for nozzles. In the case of buckets, hot corrosion was observed in the form...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0049796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... by electrical heating of the bridgewire. Evidence of severe corrosion was revealed on examination of the nickel-chromium-iron alloy bridgewire and the nickel-iron alloy pins. Metallic elements in the pin or bridgewire and substantial amounts of chlorine were detected from the x-ray spectra. Morphological...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
..., copper and sulfur were the only elements detected. In the base metal tube spectrum copper, nickel and iron were detected. The chemistry was in agreement with alloy C70600 (UNS), also known as 90-10 cupronickel [ 1 ]. Cupronickels are known for their resistance to seawater corrosion. They are used...