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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to analysis of the crack, some of the irradiated material from the window was used to measure mechanical properties. Hot cell techniques for preparation of samples and testing were developed to determine true operating conditions of radiation, strain, and temperature. Mechanical tests Neutrons Protons...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... failed components is the likely presence of radioactive contamination. In virtually all cases, the failed components come from areas of the plant that receive no significant neutron radiation from the reactor core, so no bulk activation of the component has occurred. Contamination instead results from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... for both the emitter and lead cables and was chosen for this application because of its excellent corrosion resistance, good cold workability and minimal β-activity following neutron activation. Sheath integrity and core-cable continuity must be maintained for successful operation of these detectors...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., at the direct request of President Truman. These low temperature, low pressure reactors use heavy water as a neutron moderator and as the primary coolant for the reactor core and internal components. Heavy water is circulated through the reactor by six primary coolant loops. Each loop, and the reactor tank...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... forms of environmentally induced embrittlement of the grain boundaries include neutron embrittlement, SMIE, and LMIE. Intergranular fracture processes, whether hydrogen or stress-corrosion enhanced, are frequently observed in high-strength steels, aluminum alloys, and nickel-base alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with photons, x-rays, ions, neutrons, or electrons and analyzing the radiation emitted and/or reflected from the surface. Other techniques use other interactions, such as physical probing of the surface. A few key techniques have become standardized and are available to most failure analysts, either...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with species such as photons, x-rays, ions, neutrons, or electrons and analyzing the radiation emitted and/or reflected from the surface. Other techniques use other interactions, such as physical probing of the surface. Many techniques have become somewhat routine and are available to most failure analysts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., neutron radiographic testing, x-ray diffraction Penetrating rays of x-ray, gamma rays, or neutrons passing through or reflecting from test object cast shadows or patterns on film or digital imaging plates Manufacturing, weld inspection, finding objects in closed containments, metrology of enclosed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., and Galvanizing baths (if applied/residual stresses are high) Liquid–metal coolants for nuclear reactors, nuclear fission products, and neutron spallation targets (Pb-Bi) Overheated bearing materials containing Sn, Cu, Pb Internal sources, e.g. Pb particles in free-machining alloys Na-K impurity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by oxidation or dissolution, it is corrosion. If the cracking is exacerbated by corrosion and the simultaneous presence of an applied or residual tensile stress, then it is regarded as SCC. Other forms of environmentally induced embrittlement of the grain boundaries include neutron embrittlement, solid metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or fractured part are different than they were prior to the failure and the presence or absence of residual stress is not obvious in any case. Methods for measurement and study of residual stress include hole drilling, x-ray diffraction, and neutron diffraction techniques (e.g., see the articles “Residual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in any case. Methods for measurement and study of residual stress include hole drilling, x-ray diffraction, and neutron diffraction techniques (e.g., see the articles “Residual Stress Measurements” in Mechanical Testing and Evaluation , Volume 8 of ASM Handbook , 2000, and “X-Ray Diffraction Residual...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... A comprehensive residual-stress investigation using XRD is seldom limited to the surface, and thus, subsurface measurements are generally required. If subsurface locations must be measured nondestructively, neutron diffraction is recommended ( Ref 5 , 8 ). When surface and subsurface measurements are performed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1