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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A failed laser mirror and another complete mirror of the same construction were analyzed. The laser mirror consisted of three layers of material brazed together to form channels through which the cooling water flows. Samples were analyzed with light optical and scanning...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... rod broken in bending. The fracture origin is at the top center of the image. Wallner lines are seen in the fracture mirror, which is bordered by mist and velocity hackle. Optical microscope; reflected light; picture width ∼2 mm Fig. 9 Fracture surface of an electrical porcelain insulator...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mirror zone, mist and hackle regions, and Wallner lines. 14× Fig. 29 Fracture in a polyvinyl chloride water filter. The fracture surface of the fatigue crack started from a fissure (arrow F). The lower dark zone is an artifact due to sectioning of the filter wall. 75× Fig. 19 Fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... perfectly the second gear. Fig. 1 Spur gear, 0.9×. Only two teeth pitted, one low on profile and the adjacent tooth high on profile. Mating gear had two teeth as mirror image. This could only occur with the gears in a static position under a reverberating type of load. ...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... total reflectance) technique. The sample was directly placed in the zinc selenide crystal and the spectrum was recorded in the transmittance mode. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Studies Stainless steel coupons of size 1 × 2 cm were mechanically polished to mirror finish and immersed in 10...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... bands 1-mm from crack initiation region. Fig. 5 Crystallographic facet in the initiation area. Also observed in the initiation region of area A, Figure 3 , was a triangular or wedge-shaped protrusion approximately 1-mm in length, Figure 5 . The smooth mirror-like surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... After mirror polishing and microetching using nital 3%, a microscopic analysis was made. Figure 3 shows the typical microstructure of the part. The tempered martensite matrix was homogenous on the examined cross section, and appears consistent with quenching and tempering at high temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... location D is indicated in the figure Fig. 8 Light photomicrograph showing the mirror image of the area indicated in Fig. 7 (4% Nital Etchant); hardness locations A, B, and C in Mount A are indicated in the figure Fig. 9 Light photomicrograph of the microstructure of the white...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... ). Chromatographic analysis of debris did not establish any match of the constituents of the corrosion preventive compounds in the debris or the CPC(s) examined by QETE. The interior surface of the truck beam can be inspected with a strong light, and a long stemmed mirror. Major surface flaws or other pronounced...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fracture in a soda lime glass. Crack progresses from left to right. (a) Fracture surface shows the initiation region (featureless mirror region), mist surrounding the mirror region, and hackle. (b) Geometry of tensile test showing position of fracture surface normal to tensile axis. (c) Arrangement...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
.... The usual types of surface finish available in stainless steel bar and wire products, which are delivered to the implant manufacturer, are cold-draw, pickled, ground, and polished. For example, ISO 5839 10 requires that the surfaces of orthopedic prostheses present satin and/or mirror polished finishing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... testing and was concluded that a theoretical improvement in crimp cycles of 940% should be realized with the changes. At this stage field performance appears to be mirroring those improved findings from the lab. References References 1. Guide to Adhesive Wear . Peoton Industries Ltd 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...-mounted in epoxy resin. The mounted specimens were then ground and polished to a mirror-finish using 500, 1200, and 4000 grit SiC paper, followed by 3, 1 and 1 4 μm diamond paste. All grinding and polishing was carried out on a semi-automatic machine. To reveal some of the grain structure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... Reproduced with permission of the Iron & Steelmaker. 13 Figure 7 is a back scattered electron image (BEI) of the slag particle shown in Fig. 5 . (Note that Fig. 5 and 7 are mirror images of the slag particle.) The arrows 1, 2, and 3 point to constituents analyzed by wavelength dispersive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... • Hirsch R. , Exploring Color Photography , 3rd ed. , McGraw-Hill , Times Mirror Higher Education Group, 1997 • Langford M. , Basic Photography , 6th ed. , Focal Press, Butterworth-Heinemann , 1997 • London B. and Upton J. , Photography , 6th ed. , Addison...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... attachment to look in holes and pin-light attachment to look in small crevices Conductivity tester Check conductivity or nonconductivity of surface Mirror Check around corners and under objects Surface-finish comparators Machine, cast, electrical discharge machining surface-finish standards...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to be examined ( Fig. 9 ). The cellulose acetate is then soaked with acetone to soften the material, and capillary forces between the film and the surface pull the sheet tightly to the surface. Once the cellulose acetate has dried, the material is pulled away from the surface, producing a mirror replication...