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Metal shafts

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... prior to failure the inner race of the roller bearing became slack on the shaft and the seating was built up by the metal-spray process. The shaft was machined to form a rough thread to provide the requisite mechanical key for the sprayed-on metal. Part of this sprayed-on layer became detached after...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... beam welding Helicopters Stress concentration Metal shafts Fatigue fracture Joining-related failures The helicopter had just taken off when there was a loud ‘bang’ and the engine started to overspeed. During the subsequent attempt to land, the helicopter was substantially damaged...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... that the combined effect of vibration and abrasive wear by sand and metal particles removed from the splines damaged the shaft. Case hardened spline teeth surface was recommended to increase resistance to wear and abrasion. Case hardening Wear resistance Case-hardened steel Abrasive wear The fuel pump...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., grade 2 steel, and the larger-diam section was covered with a type 316 stainless steel end cap. The cap was welded to each end using type ER316 stainless steel filler metal. The forged steel shaft was revealed to have fractured at approximately 90 deg to the shaft axis in the weld metal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... investigation and corrective action. Fatigue failures in shafts, such as bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, contact fatigue, and axial fatigue, are reviewed. The article provides information on the brittle fracture, ductile fracture, distortion, and corrosion of shafts. Abrasive wear and adhesive wear of metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0091897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... metal and partly closed keyway. (c) Shaft side of bearing inner ring, at 3×, showing pitting similar to fretting damage. (d) Bearing side of spacer sleeve, at 4.5×, showing disturbed metal. (e) Bearing side of lockwasher, at 4.5×, showing disturbed metal The shaft was made of 4140 steel, heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... A SHAFT IS A METAL BAR—usually cylindrical in shape and solid but sometimes hollow—that is used to support rotating components or to transmit power or motion by rotary or axial movement. Even fasteners, such as bolts or studs, can be considered to be stationary shafts, usually with tensile forces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... to heat-affected zone cracking, residual stresses, the lower fatigue strength of the weld deposited metal, and weld defects. Repair welding Shafts (power) Weld defects Fe-0.6C Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture It is true to say that the construction of engineering plant — vessels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... conditions also contribute to the failure process. Many of the potential root causes of failure are common to metallic and non-metallic materials. Some common failures found in shafts include fatigue as a result of stress concentrations and embrittlement. Another common cause for failure in shafts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Park, OH ( 1978 ) 9. Stephen R.I. , Fatemi A. , Stephens R.R. , Fuchs H.O. : Metal Fatigue in Engineering , 2nd edn. , pp. 52 – 53 . John Wiley and Sons , USA ( 2001 ) Selected References Selected References • Wulpi D.J. , Failures of Shafts , Failure...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Freon-compressor shaft of 4140 steel that failed by fretting corrosion in the bearing area (Example 2). (a) Shaft and bearing assembly. (b) Failed region of shaft, at 2×, showing disturbed metal and partly closed keyway. (c) Shaft side of bearing inner ring, at 3×, showing pitting More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 40 Freon-compressor shaft of 4140 steel that failed by fretting corrosion in the bearing area (Example 2). (a) Shaft and bearing assembly. (b) Failed region of shaft, at 2×, showing disturbed metal and partly closed keyway. (c) Shaft side of bearing inner ring, at 3×, showing pitting More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... The shaft was polished, the pulley was bored out, and a bushing was inserted, but after indeterminate service, the pulley turning recurred. At this time, the shaft was removed for resurfacing. After belt grinding, the keyway was filled in and the surface of the shaft was built up by gas metal arc welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001088
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A 25 mm (1 in.) diam carrier shaft failed suddenly during operation. The shaft failed near the toe of the 4.8 mm (316 in.) frame-to-shaft 60 deg and 120 deg submerged metal arc (SMA) tack welds after an unknown time in service. Material specifications called for the shaft to be made...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... areas on the side opposite the chipped area. Examination using a magnetic yoke and magnetic ink revealed a crack and outlined an area of magnetic permeability different from the base metal ( Fig. 2 ) Fig. 1 Keyway in drive shaft, as received Fig. 2 Keyway after magnetic examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... surface of the shaft ( Fig. 1 , right side) contained swirls of metal softened by frictional heat as a result of rotation of the lower part of the shaft. Welding of the plasticized outer ring of metal on the shaft and solidification of the swirls probably occurred while the pulverizer was shut down...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... The shaft surface both near and in the keyways indicated fretting which greatly reduced the fatigue limit of the shaft metal and initiated fatigue cracks. Fatigue marks were observed on the fractured key. Repetitive impact loading was responsible for propagation of the cracks. The high cyclic bending...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... that if the built-up zone had extended beyond the oil seal groove, failure in the manner would not have occurred. Experience indicated however, that failure from fatigue cracking would still have been likely to occur. Shafts (power) Weld defects Weld metal Carbon steel Joining-related failures Brittle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the shear groove. Also, slight plastic flow had occurred in the metal adjacent to these cracks. Cracking occurred at many points in the groove in the shaft before several of the cracks grew to a critical size. No surface irregularities were present in the shear groove at any of the shear cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...: Micrographs of section through seam showing regions where metal was affected and not affected by induction heating Visual Examination The shafts were examined both visually and with the aid of a stereoscopic microscope. This examination revealed apparent peeling of splines on the induction-hardened...