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Materials substitution

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... Caustic, not chloride, stress corrosion was the culprit. Had material substitutions been made on the original premise of countering chloride stress corrosion, most of the loop's highly stressed components would have eventually failed. Bearings Bellows Caustic stress corrosion cracking 304 UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the conclusion that the damage was due to liquid erosion, but it could not be firmly established whether it was caused by cavitation or by liquid impact. Recommendations included making a material substitution (to Mo-13Cr-4Ni stainless steel) and doing a redesign to reduce susceptibility to erosion as well...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Leakage Materials substitution Mercury Radiators Brass Intergranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking An interstage radiator gas coil began leaking after only 45 days of service. The original brass coil (part of which is shown in Fig. 1 with several aluminum fins removed) was replaced three...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0006898
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...-nickel, solving the SCC problem. Cupronickel Electric fuses, Materials substitution Nickel brasses 59Cu-12Ni-29Zn Stress-corrosion cracking Several fuses, made of nickel silver (57 to 61% Cu, 11 to 13% Ni, bal Zn), exposed in central offices where the air contained industrial atmospheric...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of corrosion damage after three years' exposure. This change was made five years ago and there have been no failures since. Corrosion environments Gas pipelines Inhibitors Materials substitution Sweet gas Carbon steel Erosion - corrosion Velocity-affected corrosion A wall section of a carbon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... stainless steel was also recommended. Cadmium plating Corrosion prevention Corrosion products Energy dispersive x ray analysis Inhibitors Iron oxides Materials substitution Pipe bends Scanning electron microscopy 4340 UNS G43400 (Other, general, or unspecified) corrosion A cadmium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0006897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... the tail wire material for direct seashore exposure from annealed copper to annealed Monel. Abrasion Clamps, Materials substitution Salt water environment Copper wire Corrosion fatigue The small cable (drop wire) providing service for individual subscribers from the aerial plant is held...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... propagation Fasteners High cycle fatigue Materials substitution AZ31B UNS M11311 (Other, general, or unspecified) corrosion Fatigue fracture Cracks were found on the wing leading edge of a test aircraft. The cracks were located on the inboard side of the No. 2 and No. 3 engines. Crack lengths were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., Materials substitution Cold-drawn high-carbon steel Gross yielding The engine of an automobile lost power and compression and emitted an uneven exhaust sound after several thousand miles of operation. When the engine was dismantled, it was found that the outer spring on one of the exhaust valves...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... behavior of type 316 stainless steel. The problem was solved by changing the clamp material from type 301 to type 316 stainless steel and by eliminating the MoS2 antiseize compound. Clamps, Materials Substitution Lubricants Sulfurization 301 UNS S30100 Brittle fracture Hydrogen damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... grain size was interpreted to have contributed. The piping material was changed from carbon steel to AISI type 316 stainless steel as it is readily weldable and resistant to corrosion by hydrogen sulfide. Pipe fittings Materials substitution Sulfurization Low-carbon steel Stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... It was concluded that the bolt failed by a combination of SCC and fatigue. It was recommended that aerospace-quality fasteners meeting NAS 7104, NAS 7204, or NAS 7504 be used to replace the currently used fasteners. Cyclic fatigue Fasteners, Materials substitution 1040 UNS G10400 Stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... It was concluded that stress-corrosion cracks grew out from the rust pits. The pin material was changed from 300M steel to PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel, which is highly resistant to rusting and SCC and the jacking control system was modified to prevent overdriving. Landing gear Materials substitution Pitting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... material: modifying or substituting the basic polymer so that exposure to heat and oxygen will not produce rapid combustion, and using flame-retardant additives. It also provides an overview of the burning process and presents two flammability test methods. combustion properties fire resistance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... serve as a replacement material. Based on test results, the solution to the hydrogen-stress cracking problem consisted of changing the bolt from type 410 to 305 stainless steel, eliminating use of MoS2, and limiting the torque to 60 N·m (540 in.·lb). Bolts, Materials substitution Lubricants...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0091853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... the conclusion that the primary feed material was harder than the grinding plates, causing wear and eventual failure. Recommendations included reducing the clearance between the flutes and possible material changes. Grinding wheels, Materials substitution Milling Gray iron Abrasive wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
..., it is the displacement of the structure and the stiffness of the materials that determine the stresses and the stress concentrations that develop. If all other conditions are equal and titanium were substituted for austenitic stainless steel, then the stresses in the structures would be reduced by an amount related...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
..., less room for process variation, and after new material was substituted for the old, occasional problems with soft parts started to appear. Microstructural analysis of the soft parts revealed a different cause almost every time. Each cause produced a different modification in the plant process. When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to illustrate the differences in deformation behavior between two different materials. Practically, one would not substitute stainless steel for low-carbon steel to increase load capacity. One would use a heavier section or perhaps a higher-strength alloy. When loads increase gradually, distortion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to illustrate the differences in deformation behavior between two different materials. As a practical matter, one would not substitute stainless steel for low-carbon steel to increase load capacity. One would use a heavier section, or perhaps, a higher-strength alloy. When loads increase gradually...