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Marine environments

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0047917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... and corrosion in the cracks led to the failure on the inner ring. The inner and outer rings should both be made from 17-4 PH (AISI type 630) stainless steel, which is more resistant to corrosive marine environments than either type 440C or type 416 stainless steel. ...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract The defects observed along weldings of stainless steel pipelines employed in marine environments were evidenced by metallographic and electrochemical examination. A compilation of cases on the effect of defective weldings, in addition to improper choice of stainless steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract An air system on a marine platform unexpectedly shut down due to the failure of a union nut, which led to an investigation to quantify the material limitations of bronze alloys in corrosive marine environments. The study focused on two alloys: Al-Si bronze, as used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract Aluminide-coated and uncoated IN-713 turbine blades were returned for evaluation after service in a marine environment because of severe corrosion. Based on service time, failure of these blades by corrosive deterioration was considered to be premature. Analysis (visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A type 304 austenitic stainless steel tube (0.008 max C, 18.00 to 20.00 Cr, 2.00 max Mn, 8.00 to 10.50 Ni) was found to be corroded. The tube was part of a piping system, not yet placed in service, that was exposed to an outdoor marine environment containing chlorides. As part...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... and temperatures, the shroud tip fractured due to thermomechanical fatigue in its degraded state. Recommendations included special chromium or silicon-rich coating to minimize corrosion in gas turbines operating in a marine environment with operating temperatures in the range of type 2 corrosion (650 to 750 deg C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...) supported the conclusion that the failure of the hinge brackets occurred by SCC. The corrosion was caused by exposure to a marine environment in the absence of paint in stressed areas due to chipping. The stress resulted from the interference fit of the bushing in the lug hole. Recommendations included...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... reagent) supported the conclusion that the cause of failure was SCC resulting from exposure to a marine environment. The fracture occurred in normal operation at a point where damage from pitting and intergranular corrosion acted as a stress raiser, not because of overload. The pitting and intergranular...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... that the cracks propagated by stress-corrosion cracking. The cause of cracking was twofold: use of interference-fit fasteners exposed to moisture intrusion from a marine environment and poor hole quality. Failure was intensified by dissimilar-metal contact in the presence of weak acidic electrolyte (dissociated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... couples formed between precipitates and the alloy matrix, leading to severe intergranular attack. No recommendations were made. Marine environments Sensitization Ship hulls 5083 UNS A95083 Intergranular corrosion The 5 xxx series of aluminum alloys are often selected for weldability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... dissolution and copper reprecipitation. Heat exchanger tubes Marine environments Sulfides 90Cu-10Ni Intergranular corrosion The failure of a heat exchanger tube in a marine engine resulted in flooding of the vessel and subsequently sinking it. The coolant utilized in this engine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Corrosion-resistant coatings added after the investigation have proven effective in preventing subsequent such failures. Hydrochloric acid Launch pad tubing Marine environments 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Background Information Investigative Procedures and Results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of penetration was consistent with dezincification rates reported in the literature for such brasses in salt water if the valve had been in service about 55 years. Dezincification Marine environments Tug boats Valve seats Alpha brass Alpha-beta brass Dealloying/selective leaching Introduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... with a higher copper content and at least the same yield strength. Steps to exclude seawater and any possible source of ammonia from the bolt shank were also suggested. Marine environments Aluminum bronze Intergranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking Background Visual Examination of General...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... to permit use of only aluminum alloys 6061-T6 and T651 and 2024-T6, T62, and T851. Fittings Fuel lines Marine environments Missiles 2017 UNS A92017 2014 UNS A92014 Stress-corrosion cracking During a routine inspection, cracks were discovered in several aluminum alloy coupling nuts ( Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that the stainless steel be kept rust free. Cooling systems Marine environments Nuclear reactor components Pipe, corrosion Rusting Water cooling 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 30. Ahluwalia R.K. and Im K.H. , J. Inst. Energy , Vol 64 , ( No. 461 ), 1991 , p 186 31. Jones R.L. , Naval Research Laboratory Report 6170-859, 1975 32. Condé J.F. and Wareham B.A. , Proceedings: Gas Turbine Materials in the Marine Environment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in a humid environment in a coastal area. It was recommended that proper chemical analysis of the zinc-aluminum alloy be carried out as a quality control procedure. Die castings Marine environments Zamak 3 Intergranular corrosion Intergranular fracture Background Testing Procedure and Results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... or replacement, was recommended to prevent chloride buildup. Painting of the steel surface with an epoxy-phenolic or epoxy-coal tar was also suggested. Chemical processing industry Columns (process) Marine environments 316 UNS S31600 Stress-corrosion cracking Pitting corrosion Background Visual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rate increases with increasing volume fraction of liquid. Courtesy of Z. Tang and B. Gleeson, University of Pittsburgh Fig. 22 Schematic diagram of shipboard engine corrosion rates of type I and type II hot corrosion versus temperature in a marine environment compared with the Arrhenius...