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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract During a routine inspection, cracks were discovered in several aluminum alloy (similar to either 2014 or 2017) coupling nuts on the fuel lines of a missile. The fuel lines had been exposed to a marine atmosphere for six months while the missile stood on an outdoor test stand...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... stress-corrosion cracking beneath the pitted areas on the OD. The likely cause of the cracking was chloride stress corrosion, with chlorides deriving from the marine atmosphere and concentrating under the insulation around the support rings. A complete insulation evaluation, including repair...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0091538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...-copper alloy C64700. Marine environments Materials selection Retainers C65500 UNS C65500 Stress-corrosion cracking Electrical contact-finger retainers blanked and formed from annealed copper alloy C65500 (high-silicon bronze A) failed prematurely by cracking while in service in switchgear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the pits and further reduced the service strength of the component until final catastrophic failure occurred The launch environment at KSC, coupling the marine atmosphere with the hydrochloric acid formed during launch, is considered one of two primary causal factors in the failure of the tubing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... not been carried out as specified. It was recommended that the sheathing material be fully annealed and that the outer surface be pickled and passivated. Electric heating elements Heat-distributing units Marine atmospheres Nuclear reactor components Sheaths 304L UNS S30403 Stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... transcrystalline in the beta phase ( Ref 2 ). The minimum concentration of ammonia necessary to cause stress cracking is very low. It has been suggested that an ample source of ammonia in marine atmospheres and seawater may be the decaying animal and vegetable matter found in marine environs. Three retaining...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of NaCl contamination from marine atmospheres or the presence of S in the air at some industrial sites. Hot corrosion may be defined as accelerated corrosion resulting from the presence of salt contaminants, such as Na2SO 4 , NaCl, and V 2 O 5 , which combine to form molten deposits that will damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... cost. Although stress corrosion of ferritic stainless steels is a rare occurrence, all of the contributing factors said to promote it were present in this case. These include a high tensile stress, a marine atmosphere, and a sulphurized steel which had been cold worked. The following...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... laps, seams, or slivers Following is an example of SCC from a stress concentration in which alloy selection and design changes were required. Example 3: Effect of Alloy Selection and Part Design on SCC of Formed Silicon Bronze in Marine-Air Atmosphere Electrical contact-finger retainers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... mechanisms identified as stress-corrosion cracking. HIC, hydrogen-induced cracking; SOHIC, stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking; SSC, sulfide stress cracking; AGO, atmospheric gas oil; LVGO, light-vacuum gas oil; HVGO, heavy-vacuum gas oil. Adapted from Ref 6 Examples of components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Suggested maximum operating temperatures for select alloys in continuous, isothermal oxidizing atmospheres without excessive scaling Table 1 Suggested maximum operating temperatures for select alloys in continuous, isothermal oxidizing atmospheres without excessive scaling Alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... ageing treatments were applied, and they were subsequently subjected to industrial, marine and laboratory atmospheres for a period of 20 months. The results confirmed the earlier indications that the extended ageing treatment proposed was less effective with alloys of lower copper content, and a content...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001068
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... with demineralized water and dried. Atmospheric corrosion Marine environments 304L UNS S30403 Crevice corrosion Pitting corrosion Background Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion and Recommendations Selected Reference Selected Reference • Forms of Corrosion , Failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... temperature of 25 to 32 deg C (77 to 90 deg F), an average humidity ranging from 70 to 80%, and an atmospheric NaCl content ranging from 8 to 45 mg/m2 /day. Recommendations preventing further occurrence of the situation were strict avoidance of the use of carbon steel handling implements, strict avoidance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that the stainless steel be kept rust free. Cooling systems Marine environments Nuclear reactor components Pipe, corrosion Rusting Water cooling 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Suggested maximum temperatures for various alloys in continuous, isothermal oxidizing atmospheres without excessive scaling Table 1 Suggested maximum temperatures for various alloys in continuous, isothermal oxidizing atmospheres without excessive scaling Alloy designation Temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Breeder reactors Fast reactors Leakage Marine environments Nuclear reactor components, corrosion Pitting (corrosion) Welded joints, corrosion Weldments, corrosion 347 UNS S34700 Stress-corrosion cracking Background Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in a humid environment in a coastal area. It was recommended that proper chemical analysis of the zinc-aluminum alloy be carried out as a quality control procedure. Die castings Marine environments Zamak 3 Intergranular corrosion Intergranular fracture Background Testing Procedure and Results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was equivalent to a 30% reduction in thickness. Residual stresses were measured at about 135 MPa (20 ksi). The HAZ was found to be sensitized. The tanks had been stored in a coastal atmosphere for about 4 years before installation. The failure was attributed to intergranular stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract The circumstances surrounding the in-service failure of a cast Ni-base superalloy (Alloy 713LC) second stage turbine blade and a cast and coated Co-base superalloy (MAR-M302) first stage air-cooled vane in two turbine engines used for marine application are described...