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Lubrication systems

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0009190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract In an industrial application, 24 speed-increaser gearboxes were used to transmit 258 kW (346 hp) and increase speed from 55 to 375 rev/min. The gears were parallel shaft, single helical, carburized, and ground. The splash lubrication system used a mineral oil without antiscuff...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... loading. It was revealed by visual examination that the fracture had initiated in the sharp corner at the bottom of a longitudinal hole which was part of a force feed lubricating system. Beach marks were observed on the fracture surfaces. It was revealed by further examination that the slip clutch was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... every 2.5 years on the average. Advances in materials, lubrication, manufacturing technology and electronics have contributed to this striking rate of progress. This has required not only the development of improved magnetic materials for the disk coating and head, but also the reduction of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... • Gokhale A.M. , Quantitative Fractography , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 538 – 556 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536 During the use of a quick-release fitting from a parachute emergency system, a malfunction arose, and the pilot was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract The drive-shaft hanger bearings failed after 300 to 400 h in service. The shaft, supported by labyrinth-sealed single row radial ball bearings of ABEC-1 tolerances, was made of aluminum 2024-T3 tubing (2.5 cm diam and 1.2 mm wall thickness). The bearings were lubricated with a paste...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...). Control of machining parameters to prevent formation of brittle martensite, use of galvanically compatible fasteners, and use of an alternate lubricant were recommended. Airframes, corrosion Fasteners Jet planes Marine environments Military planes Solid lubricants Ti-6Al-4V UNS R56406 Stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the degradation of various protective systems, such as corrosion inhibitors and lubricants. The article describes the failure analysis of steel, iron, copper, aluminum, and their alloys. It also discusses the probes available to monitor conditions relevant to MIC in industrial systems and the sampling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... presence of moist hydrogen used to cool the ring. Factors which promoted the failure were higher than normal strength levels in the ring material, lower than normal ring operating temperatures, possible moisture in the lubrication oil system, periodic poor performance of the hydrogen dryers, and a ring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... the transmission system showed there might arise possibilities of choking in the line lubricating oil. Such eventualities would, of course, cause seizure of the gears and damage. The incidence of such defects stopped after corrective measures were taken. In this particular instance, corrective...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract An external tank pressure/vent valve regulates the external tank fuel feed system, which transfers fuel under pressure to the internal tanks of the aircraft. A dual-position valve was found to be sticking at the intermediate positions. Also, service air check valves located on the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The crack reached the critical size and caused failure by stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) under static loading conditions in service. The failed beam was protected by a well adhering paint system. However, the presence of adequate amounts of corrosion preventive compound films (CPC) on the surfaces of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., indicating that the system had not been lubricated for some time prior to failure. The fatigue initiation mechanism that led to complete fracture could be inferred from the wear patterns on the bolt. As Fig. 1 shows, wear occurred on one side at either end of the bolt and on the opposite side...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0046242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... These chips contributed to cyclic loading. Improper lubrication caused gear teeth to overheat and spall, producing chips that eventually overstressed the gear, causing failure. Because the oil-circulation system was not operating properly, metal chips were not removed from the coupling. To prevent...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... bearings. References 1. Pratt G.C. , Materials for Plain Bearings , Int. Met. Rev. , Vol 18 ( No. 17 ), 1973 2. Barwell F.T. , Bearing Systems , Oxford Press , 1979 3. Cameron A. , The Principles of Lubrication , John Wiley...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: Description of the application, including the method of mounting the bearing Speed of rotation and whether rotation is constant or intermittent or of variable speed Lubrication system, lubricant, and filtering, if used Temperature of environment, lubricant, and bearing components Potential sources...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... lubricate the compressor. Comparative analysis of the fresh and used oil samples showed that the oil underwent some chemical degradation and moisture pickup while in use. Furthermore, some oxidation products from various system components were found in the used oil. Based on all these findings, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... its intended aesthetic function. Failure can be defined on several different levels. The simplest form of a failure is a system or component that operates but does not perform its intended function ( Ref 1 ). This is considered a loss of function. A jet engine that runs but can produce only...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... physical evidence. Magnitude and direction of loading, interaction with other components, damage sequencing in systems, and other valuable information may be reliant upon the investigation and reconstruction of fracture patterns. In this way, inspection and analysis of fracture surfaces may be critical in...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., which was 462 °C (864 °F). One Sn-Zn system had a eutectic melting point of less than 204 °C (400 °F). Such metals can cause liquid-metal embrittlement at temperatures above their melting points. Sodium, tin, and zinc could have been present in a pigmented oil or grease used as a lubricant during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... seal the threaded joint. It was recommended that only brass fittings be used to assemble removable joints and that use of washers, sealants, and hydrocarbon lubricants be strictly avoided. Dissimilar metals Oxyacetylene welding Welding machines Carbon steel (Other, miscellaneous, or...