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Loads (forces)

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... torsional rigidity with the consequent development of excessive stresses in the welds at the junctions of the bars with the sleeve, the torque being of a fluctuating character due to the impulses imparted by the engine. Dynamics Electric motors Loads (forces) Motor rotors Weldments Welded steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047968
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... when the bearing was not rotating or during installation. It was concluded that the bearings had failed in rolling-contact fatigue. The noise was eliminated and the preload was reduced to 30 lb by using a different spring washer as a corrective measure. Computers Loads (forces) Noise Service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0047312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... 5900 kg (13,000 lb), the observations made in this investigation suggested that either the load was underestimated or that the indicated load was applied at a more rapid rate (perhaps with a jerk), which would tend to increase the effective force of the load. Castings T hooks 60-40-18 UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0047312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... 5900 kg (13,000 lb), the observations made in this investigation suggested that either the load was underestimated or that the indicated load was applied at a more rapid rate (perhaps with a jerk), which would tend to increase the effective force of the load. Castings T hooks 60-40-18 UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... International , 2002 , p 700 – 727 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544 A piston shaft on the billet-loading tray of an extrusion press experienced recurring failure. The shaft, which was subjected to repeated tensile, compressive, and bending forces, had been machined from normalized stock without further...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to distortion of the end windings. The trouble results from the high loading which develops between successive layers of the strip conductor due to centrifugal force; this leads to a high frictional binding force between turns and prevents axial expansion under normal heating in service. As a result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract The T-section cross member of the lifting sling failed in service while lifting a 966 kg (2130 lb) load. The L-section sling body and the cross member were made of aluminum alloy 5083 or 5086 and were joined by welding using aluminum alloy 4043 filler metal. The fracture was found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... loading. It was revealed by visual examination that the fracture had initiated in the sharp corner at the bottom of a longitudinal hole which was part of a force feed lubricating system. Beach marks were observed on the fracture surfaces. It was revealed by further examination that the slip clutch...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... by the beach marks which indicated the action of asymmetric bending and rotational forces. Loads (forces) Nonmetallic inclusions Slags Surgical implants Torsion 316 UNS S31600 Fatigue fracture A narrow bone plate was used to stabilize an open midshaft femur fracture in an 18 year old patient...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., probably accentuated by looseness in the clamping device. The resulting residual tensile stress lowered the effective fatigue strength at that point against drag and side loads. Aircraft components Brinelling Clamping Landing gear Loads (forces) 6150 UNS G61500 Fatigue fracture So many...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Piping and structural components used in space launch facilities such as NASA's Kennedy Space Center and the Air Force's Cape Canaveral Air Station face extreme operating conditions. Launch effluent and residue from solid rocket boosters react with moisture to form hydrochloric acid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in service, the Royal Australian Air Force requested that the crack growth rate during service be determined. The loading history of the aircraft was made available in the form of flight by-flight records of the counts from the vertical accelerometer sensors fitted to the airframe and a series of “overstress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A white cast iron water-line plug in a fire sprinkler systems split during leak repair. Examination revealed no material flaws, fatigue, or excessive corrosion. The plug head exhibited signs of excessive loads used in attempts to force the plug farther into the pipe. The evidence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... onto the opposite support. The fracture was a grainy forced rupture that propagated from one of the fillet welds. Investigation showed a steel was selected for this important construction that was prone to aging and that in fact had aged through cold deformation during straightening and then was welded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001576
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... was repeatedly deformed by a hydraulic fatigue tester. Comparison of striations of the failed blade with that of the tested one revealed the failed blade was loaded with more than 30 MPa of stress. These tests confirmed that the rotor and blades had sufficient strength to withstand up to 3x the stress of normal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract A type 316L stainless steel angled plate failed. The fatigue fracture was found to have occurred at a plate hole. Symmetric cyclic bending forces were revealed by the fatigue damage at the fracture edge at the top surface of the plate. Fatigue striations and slip bands produced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract During dismantling of an eccentric camshaft of 340 mm diam that had worked for a total of 450,000 load reversals, it was found that it had cracked on both sides of the eccentric cam. The shaft was made of chromium-molybdenum alloy steel 34 Cr-Mo4 (Material No. 1.7220) according to DIN...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... content (0.020%). The allowable stress based on yield was estimated using four different design criteria. Correlation among those results was poor. The different criteria indicated that the material was loaded from the maximum allowable to approximately 30% less than allowable. Nevertheless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... The most extensive cracking was observed in the rod nuts and in the portions of the rod which were covered by the nuts. Cracking was transgranular with extensive branching, and some corrosion occurred along the crack paths. The clamping force from the nuts used on both sides of the supported member...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... analysis indicated that the fatigue loading probably had been caused by forced excitation, resulting in the impeller vibrating at its resonant frequency. It was recommended that the impeller design, control systems, and material of construction be changed. Airfoils Turbines Vanes 7075-T6 AMS 4126...