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Liquid propane

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Abstract Several newly developed liquid propane gas (LPG) cylinders made from Fe-0.13C-0.42Mn steel failed, each fracturing in the longitudinal direction. One of the cylinders was thoroughly analyzed to determine the cause. Deep-drawing flaws were observed on the inner wall of the cylinder...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 131 Expanding shell-side liquid propane could not sufficiently increase in volume due to the lack of overpressure protection and the closed shell-side process valves. As a result, shell-side pressure increased until the reboiler shell failed. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to unstable fracture, thus precipitating the BLEVE. Venart has proposed that this may occur due to supercritical boiling of the liquid propane in the tank. [ 3 ] Under conditions of very high heat input, such as the Truth or Consequences fire, the liquid propane in the tank can become significantly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...-on patch plate or to employ one of the high-strength, non-metallic adhesives. Explosions Gas cylinders Soldered joints Tensile stress 50Pb-50Sn Plate steel Intergranular fracture Liquid metal induced embrittlement Reference is made in other cases in this series of Reports to failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the material is stressed above or below any ductile-to-brittle transition temperature below which relatively low-energy fractures can occur. Other degradation mechanisms, such as corrosion and oxidation; stress corrosion; erosion from flowing gases, liquids, and solids; hydrogen damage; creep and stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Excessive overheating is called “burning,” which refers to incipient melting of low-melting constituents into liquid films that concentrate embrittling components in the grain boundaries, as illustrated in Fig. 32 ( Ref 4 ). The problem of the brittle nature of these films is exacerbated by accompanying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... liquids or gases Other forms of corrosion (e.g., localized corrosion) Depending on the type of hydrogen-metal interaction, hydrogen damage of metal manifests itself in one of several ways. The types of interactions between hydrogen and metals include the formation of solid solutions of hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of metals from operations such as: Refining (precipitates upon solidification from supersaturated concentrations) Acid cleaning (pickling) Electroplating Contact with water or other hydrogen-containing liquids or gases Depending on the type of hydrogen-metal interaction, hydrogen damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., due to rapid differential expansion or contraction. If the thermal expansion or contraction is restrained (by adjacent material or other components), stresses above the yield strength of the material can result. Thermal shock usually occurs when a colder liquid contacts a warmer metal surface...