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Liquid metal induced embrittlement

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Metal-induced embrittlement is a phenomenon in which the ductility or fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced by surface contact with another metal in either liquid or solid form. This article summarizes the characteristics of solid metal induced embrittlement (SMIE) and liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Metal-induced embrittlement is a phenomenon in which the ductility or the fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced by surface contact with another metal in either the liquid or solid form. This article summarizes some of the characteristics of liquid-metal- and solid-metal-induced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... treatment related failures Liquid metal induced embrittlement Selected Reference • Warke W.R. , Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 861 – 867 10.31399/asm.hb.v11...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Intergranular fracture Mercury Rupturing Safety equipment C22000 UNS C22000 Liquid metal induced embrittlement Selected Reference • Warke W.R. , Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... Liquid copper Locomotive axles ASTM A21 Liquid metal induced embrittlement Failures of locomotive axles have occurred for more than 100 years. These failures are common and often not properly examined with the relevant metallographic tools available. Failures of all types of locomotive axles have...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Several cases of embrittlement failure are analyzed, including liquid-metal embrittlement (LME) of an aluminum alloy pipe in a natural gas plant, solid metal-induced embrittlement (SMIE) of a brass valve in an aircraft engine oil cooler, LME of a cadmium-plated steel screw from a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... International , 2002 , p 641 – 649 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540 • Warke W.R. , Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 861 – 867 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554 Sections of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... equipment that was in operation prior to the installation of the mercury-removal bed. Butt welds Chemical processing equipment Ethylene Hydrocarbons Mercury Repair welding 5083-O UNS A95083 Intergranular corrosion Liquid metal induced embrittlement References 1...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... operations such as: Refining (precipitates upon solidification from supersaturated concentrations) Acid cleaning (pickling) Electroplating Contact with water or other hydrogen-containing liquids or gases Depending on the type of hydrogen-metal interaction, hydrogen damage of metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the liquid melt prior to solidification. Microperforation may also occur, mainly when steels are exposed to very high-pressure hydrogen near room temperature. Hydrogen-induced blistering is most prevalent in low-strength alloys, and it is observed in metals that have been exposed to hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... engineering metals and alloys and is caused by a wide variety of mechanical and environmental factors, such as grain-boundary embrittlement and decohesive separation along the grain boundaries at elevated (creep-regime) temperatures. For service temperatures below the creep regime (i.e., approximately 0.4 to...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... were possible: stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), liquid metal embrittlement (LME), and hydrogen embrittlement. Stress-corrosion cracking failures are caused by the combined action of the environment and stress. Chlorides, a common cause of SCC in materials and a common substance in the wellbore...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... (more than 0.2% O 2 ). The cuprous oxide which is present at the grain boundaries originates from the melting process and is soluble in liquid copper to form, with copper, a strongly embrittling eutectic at 3.45% Cu 2 O (approximately 0.4% O 2 ). Fig. 11 Effect of welding oxygen-containing copper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... valve body. The location of the crack which caused the failure is indicated in Fig. 1(b). The valve was carrying liquid hydrogen at a pressure of 41.3 MPa when it ruptured, and the temperature of the metal at the site of crack initiation on the internal surface was approximately 77 K. The theoretical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, and liquid-metal embrittlement of bolts and nuts. The article explains the most commonly used protective metal coatings for ferrous metal fasteners. Zinc, cadmium, and aluminum are commonly used for such coatings. The article also illustrates the performance of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Adsorption-Induced Brittle Fracture in Liquid-Metal Environments , in Fracture , Vol III , Academic Press , 1971 , p 589 – 644 10.1016/B978-0-12-449703-0.50015-1 15. Rostoker W. et al. , Embrittlement by Liquid Metals Reinhold , 1960 16. Kamdar M.H. , Liquid Metal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... an overload failure. It also presents examples of thermally and environmentally induced embrittlement effects that can alter the overload fracture behavior of metals. atomic structure brittle cracking crack propagation crystalline structure ductile cracking ductility environmentally...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... fractured at liquid nitrogen temperatures in a scanning auger microprobe, SAM. Ten separate grain boundaries were analysed, utilising auger spectroscopy ( 9 ) in each sample. An incident electron beam current of 5 × 10 −7 A was used at a magnification of ×200 and the point analysis was always employed and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the metallurgical characteristic of a particular alloy system. Fig. 2 Ten different types of flaws that may be found in rolled bars. (a) Inclusions. (b) Laminations from spatter (entrapped splashes) during the pouring. (c) Slivers. (d) Scabs are caused by splashing liquid metal in the mold. (e...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Embrittlement ” and “ Liquid-Metal- and Solid-Metal-Induced Embrittlement ” in this Volume and to Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Volume 13A of the ASM Handbook , 2003. Stress-corrosion cracking develops when a susceptible metal or alloy is exposed to a specific environment in the...