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Lamellar tearing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... section through the fillet welds and zone showed lamellar tearing, which confirmed that failure had occurred in weld metal adjacent to the fusion face of the fillet to the vane. Results of the investigation indicated that the primary cause of failure of the impeller was the development of fatigue cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... examination of sections cut from the cracked area identified lamellar tearing as the principle cause of the cracking. This was surprising in 6 mm thick hull plates. Corrosion fatigue and general corrosion also contributed to hull plate perforation. Although it is probable that more lamellar tears exist near...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... showed the main crack had propagated parallel to the fusion boundary along the subcritical HAZ and was associated with long stringers of type II manganese sulfide (MnS) inclusions. This supported the conclusion that the weld failed by lamellar tearing as a result of the high rotational strain induced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... reoccurrence of the failure include the use of bolts in lieu of welding, a welding schedule that reduces the propensity of lamellar tearing, and the use of an alloy that precludes lamellar tearing. However, if abuse of the crane was the primary cause of failure, none of these recommendations would have...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... and strain in the low ductility direction of the transition joint plate, lamellar tearing of plate material occurred at the boxed I-beam fillet weld attachment. Brittle fracture of this joint precipitated global collapse of the truss structure. Bridges (structures) Ore conveyors Structural steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...-stress levels after welding. Lamellar tearing Pressure vessels Strain aging Welded joints ASTM A201 Grade B Joining-related failures Brittle fracture A spherical carbon steel fixed-catalyst bed reactor failed after 20 years of service while in a standby condition ( Fig. 1 ). At the time...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as the heat input of the process are not addressed in detail. Planar Imperfections Planar imperfections are sharp cracklike features that can substantially reduce the fatigue strength of a welded joint or cause initiation of brittle fractures. Examples include hydrogen cracks, lamellar tears, lack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001446
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... angled thereto. The problem of lamellar tearing beneath heavy fillet welds at “T” junctions is also related to the presence of internal laminations and stringers in the material, but is outside the scope of the present article. The second case relates to the failure by cracking of a cylinder used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... to exist, their orientation as well as their size requires to be very carefully considered before the vessels concerned are approved for service, particularly if the defects do not lie completely parallel to the surface, but are slightly angled thereto. The problem of lamellar tearing beneath heavy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... on both sides of the fracture of 300 mm each. Missing in the lamellar surface structure, with the exception of the remnants of a coarse network, were the pre-eutectically precipitated carbides to be expected in this steel. Surrounding the ferritic region in the surface structure, a ring of lamellar...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surfaces between nozzles 1 and 2 and through the manway (access port) in the head were classic brittle fractures. The remainder of the fracture involved tearing, and the crack led off from parallel to the axis of the vessel. Samples were taken to allow examination of the brittle-fracture area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that the parts underwent during forging. Bar seams and folds were eliminated as a possible source. Microstructural Analysis Cross sections were taken of an as-forged part and a heat-treated part. The samples were mounted and polished. The microstructure—lamellar pearlite and ferrite—was typical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... rail. The microstructures consist of predominantly types A and B graphite, flake size 4 to 6, in a matrix of medium-to-fine lamellar pearlite. The specimen taken near the No. 3 intake port has a higher-than-usual amount of free ferrite, approximately 5 to 10%. Conclusion The cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and ductile mechanism overload fracture is shown in Fig. 8 . The crack stopped in this area where deformation and necking of the ductile bull’s-eye ferrite is evident. Much of the remaining cracking through the lamellar pearlite was very brittle. Although the ferrite phase was not predominant in the matrix...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of intergrannular corrosion sometimes described as lamellar, layer, or stratified corrosion. 3 Attack generally occurs at the boundaries of grains elongated in the rolling direction, typical of rolled and extruded aluminum alloys. In this type of corrosion, attack proceeds along selected subsurface paths parallel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... both a top and bottom termination. Actual construction and sales literature indicated only a top land termination. The edge termination has a wraparound configuration. Dimensions given in inches The terminations were of a lamellar design. Initial resistive element/termination contact...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., there is evidence of plastic deformation and failure by microvoid coalescence (MVC) ductile tearing. However, exceptions to this fracture progression mode have been reported. One is formation of a specimen-scale shear band (sometimes associated with void sheet formation at the microscale). One set of circumstances...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... at the microscale, there is evidence of plastic deformation and failure by microvoid coalescence (MVC) ductile tearing. However, exceptions to this fracture progression mode have been reported. One is formation of a specimen-scale shear band (sometimes associated with void sheet formation at the microscale). One...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that manufactured materials always have some imperfections or discontinuities that can be acceptable, if they do not interfere with the utility or service of a part. Laps, seams, bursts, hot tears, and thermal cracks are typically considered to be manufacturing defects. However, whether these manufacturing defects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Much of the remaining cracking through the lamellar pearlite was very brittle. Although the ferrite phase was not predominant in the matrix, substantial ductile character was imparted. Fig. 8 Crack in a high-strength ductile iron (grade 100-70-03) impeller showing deformation in the ferrite...