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Irons and steels

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... and microcracking propensity and, in turn, accentuate subsequent spalling. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to Dr. S.K. Bhattacharyya, Director, R&D Centre for Iron and Steel, SAIL (Ranchi), for his encouragement and support in pursuing this study. The excellent service rendered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... of Bearing Steels,” Friction, Lubrication and Wear Technology , vol. 18 , ASM Handbook , Zorc T.B. , Ed., ASM International , 1992 , pp. 725 – 733 . 2. Burrier H. : “Bearing Steels,” Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , vol. 1 , ASM Handbook...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... is rendered innocuous because the matrix, being nonacicular, reflects a low level of internal stress in the roll. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to Dr. S. Banerjee, Director, Research and Development Centre for Iron and Steel, SAIL for his encouragement and support. Thanks are especially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... that resulted in local heating of the wire skin and the formation of surface martensite. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to the management of R&D Centre for Iron & Steel, Steel Authority of India Limited, Ranchi for their encouragement and support. Thanks are expressed to the personnel...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Red hills of hematite in Northwest Australia. Rust is iron (steel) reverting to nature. Photograph by David Dare Parker reproduced courtesy of Australian Geographic. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... (up to 120 bars) and the incorporation of larger pipe diameters. 3 Safety considerations, on the other hand, have necessitated development of low carbon, low carbon equivalent (CE), fine grained microalloyed steels with adequate low temperature impact toughness properties. 4 Rourkela Steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 68 Oxidation potential of alloying elements and iron in steel heated in endothermic gas with an average composition of 40% H 2 , 20% CO, 1.5% CH 4 , 0.5% CO 2 , 0.28% H 2 O (dewpoint, 10 °C, or 50 °F), and 37.72% N 2 . Source: Ref 30 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in the article “Malleable Iron” in Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Volume 1 of ASM Handbook. ) In piping systems, erosion-corrosion can be reduced by increasing the diameter of the pipe, thus decreasing velocity and turbulence. The streamlining of bends is useful...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...° for the austenitic stainless steel (wetting) at 1100 °C (2010 °F). A series of reports has been published regarding the embrittlement of iron-base alloys by copper during welding ( Ref 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 ). In a study of HY-80 steel welded with or without copper-nickel filter metal ( Ref 38 ), infiltration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... contained a majority of small spherical particles consisting of nitrogen, boron, iron, carbon, and a small amount of oxygen. Some other dimples contained manganese sulfide precipitates. Fatigue samples machined from the ultra-low sulfur steel crankshaft failed internally at planar grain boundary facets...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
.... Beachem C. D. and Pelloux R. M. N. : Fracture Toughness Testing and its Applications , ASTM STP 381, ASTM , Philadelphia , 1965 . 6. Tipper C. F. , Dagg D. I. , and Wells O. C. : J. Iron Steel Inst. , 1959 , vol. 193 , p. 133 . 7. McGrath J. T. , Buchanan...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0045909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... obtained from the inclusions and from the steel matrix. The inclusion spectrum contained primarily iron and oxygen, whereas the matrix spectrum contained primarily iron. X-ray maps were made to show the distribution of iron and oxygen. These results indicated that the inclusions were iron oxide. A similar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to the ultimate failure of the nickel anodes. When the first of the affected cells was dismantled, the appearance of a thick deposit on the upper portion of the outer cathode adjacent to the steel anode top suggested the possibility of iron deposition from the reduction of ferrous ions in the electrolyte...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Carbon steel tubes from a boiler feedwater heater feeding a deaerator were treated to control scale formation, but the treatment instead produced more iron oxide. The additional iron oxide reduced the tubing to a totally corroded condition. Investigation showed that the chelate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0065825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... in Large-Diameter Pipe , J. Iron Steel Inst. , Vol 211 , May 1973 , p 369 – 373 Selected References Selected References • Eiber R.J. , Failures of Pipelines , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1986 , p 695 – 706 10.31399...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... alloy formation. Even in the case of steel parts with lower silicon contents the reaction between iron and zinc can continue until the pure zinc layer has been consumed entirely if the work piece is not cooled sufficiently after withdrawal. Coating defects Galvanized steels Hot dip galvanizing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0092135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract A shotgun barrel fabricated from 1138 steel deformed when test firing alternative nontoxic ammunition. The test shells contained soft iron shot, which at 72 HB, is much harder than traditional lead shot (typically 30 to 40 HB). An investigation based on ID and OD profiling supported...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... product from each pipe section were analyzed for carbon, sulfur, and iron and were found to consist mainly of iron sulfide mixed with soot and rust. The damage resulted from a high content of hydrogen sulfide in the gas (6% CO2, 20% CO, 8 to 12% H2, 0.5 to 1.5% CH4, remainder N2). To process the coal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... that prolonged heating of the galvanized steel heater shells caused the zinc-rich surface to become alloyed with iron and reduce the number of layers. Also, heating caused zinc to diffuse along grain boundaries toward the center of the sheet. Zinc in the grain boundaries reacted with iron to form the brittle...