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Irons and steels

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... and microcracking propensity and, in turn, accentuate subsequent spalling. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to Dr. S.K. Bhattacharyya, Director, R&D Centre for Iron and Steel, SAIL (Ranchi), for his encouragement and support in pursuing this study. The excellent service rendered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... is rendered innocuous because the matrix, being nonacicular, reflects a low level of internal stress in the roll. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to Dr. S. Banerjee, Director, Research and Development Centre for Iron and Steel, SAIL for his encouragement and support. Thanks are especially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... of Bearing Steels,” Friction, Lubrication and Wear Technology , vol. 18 , ASM Handbook , Zorc T.B. , Ed., ASM International , 1992 , pp. 725 – 733 . 2. Burrier H. : “Bearing Steels,” Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , vol. 1 , ASM Handbook...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... that resulted in local heating of the wire skin and the formation of surface martensite. Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to the management of R&D Centre for Iron & Steel, Steel Authority of India Limited, Ranchi for their encouragement and support. Thanks are expressed to the personnel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... (up to 120 bars) and the incorporation of larger pipe diameters. 3 Safety considerations, on the other hand, have necessitated development of low carbon, low carbon equivalent (CE), fine grained microalloyed steels with adequate low temperature impact toughness properties. 4 Rourkela Steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A failure analysis was conducted in late 1996 on two rolls that had been used in the production of iron and steel powder. The rolls had elongated over their length such that the roll trunnions had impacted with the furnace wall refractory. The result was distortion and bowing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001016
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... not significant as far as its usage was concerned. The failure could have been avoided by providing support underneath the overhanging member. Freight transportation Motor trucks Packaging Presses Irons and steels Casting-related failures An automatic press for making burlap bags that had been...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Red hills of hematite in Northwest Australia. Rust is iron (steel) reverting to nature. Photograph by David Dare Parker reproduced courtesy of Australian Geographic. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... and a higher blast furnace operating temperature because it is more difficult to reduce the ore to iron. Colville continued to use cold pig iron and steel scrap to make steel in an acid-lined open hearth furnace until 1919. 5 From the composition of the steel used to construct the RMS Titanic given...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... is generally fabricated of carbon steel. However, the inlet cone, because of severe service erosion/corrosion conditions where sawdust, cooking liquor, and steam enter, was fabricated of American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) 304L stainless steel with E308 welds. Typical liquor concentration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0089722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... was attached to a flexible metal hose, which provided no support and offered no resistance to vibration. The components of the elbow were made of American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) type 321 stainless steel and were joined with ER347 stainless steel filler metal by gas tungsten arc welding. The line...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
..., a solution would have been to machine the core of the shaft to remove the brittle material or to use a tubular shaft. Reference Reference 1. Smedley G. P. , Journal of West of Scotland Iron and Steel Institute 68 , ( 1960 – 61 ). Selected References Selected References • Wulpi...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand molds...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to iron. Thus, if only the emf series were used to predict the behavior of a ferrous metal system, cadmium would not be chosen as a sacrificial protective coating, yet this is the principal use for cadmium plating on steel. Standard emf series of metals Table 1 Standard emf series of metals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0045909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... obtained from the inclusions and from the steel matrix. The inclusion spectrum contained primarily iron and oxygen, whereas the matrix spectrum contained primarily iron. X-ray maps were made to show the distribution of iron and oxygen. These results indicated that the inclusions were iron oxide. A similar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use of cathodic protection for long-term corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to the ultimate failure of the nickel anodes. When the first of the affected cells was dismantled, the appearance of a thick deposit on the upper portion of the outer cathode adjacent to the steel anode top suggested the possibility of iron deposition from the reduction of ferrous ions in the electrolyte...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Carbon steel tubes from a boiler feedwater heater feeding a deaerator were treated to control scale formation, but the treatment instead produced more iron oxide. The additional iron oxide reduced the tubing to a totally corroded condition. Investigation showed that the chelate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001689
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Power Stations” , in Structural Processes in Creep , ISI Special Report 70, p. 276, The Iron and Steel Institute , London , 1961 . 2. Furtado H.C. and Le May I. , “Metallography in Life Assessment of Power Plants” , Proc. International Metallography Conference , Colmar, France...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... alloy formation. Even in the case of steel parts with lower silicon contents the reaction between iron and zinc can continue until the pure zinc layer has been consumed entirely if the work piece is not cooled sufficiently after withdrawal. Coating defects Galvanized steels Hot dip galvanizing...