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Injection moldings

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract A plastic bracket exhibited relatively brittle material properties, which ultimately led to catastrophic failure. The part had been injection molded from a medium-viscosity polycarbonate resin and had been in service for a short duration prior to the failure. Investigation (visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0090909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract An injection-molded PVC water-filter housing fractured in service. 75x views and visual inspection supported the conclusion that failure occurred due to fatigue crack propagation, as indicated by the presence of discontinuous crack-growth bands and their evolution. However, an initial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract Housings (being tested as part of a material conversion) from an electrical appliance failed during an engineering evaluation. They had been injection molded from a commercial polycarbonate/PET blend. Parts produced from the previous material, a nylon 6/6 resin, had consistently passed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090430
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract The handle from a consumer product exhibited an apparent surface defect. The handle had been injection molded from a medium viscosity grade ABS resin. The anomalous appearance was objectionable to the assembler of the final product and resulted in a production lot being placed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract Cracking occurred within the plastic jacket (injection molded from an impact-modified, 15% glass-fiber-reinforced PET resin.) of several assemblies used in a transportation application during an engineering testing regimen which involved cyclic thermal shock (exposing the parts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract A set of plastic grips from an electric consumer product failed while in service. The grips had been injection molded from a general-purpose grade of ABS resin. The parts had cracked while in use after apparent embrittlement of the material. Investigation (visual inspection, SEM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... a metal slide on an older design, whereas newer components showed no signs of failure. The latch assembly components were injection molded from an unfilled commercial grade of a polyacetal copolymer. Investigation of failed parts (including visual inspection, a specially designed proof load test, 59x SEM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...-3 320-grit stone prior to dry blast No. 24 oxide SPI, Plastics Industry Association, formerly the Society of the Plastics Industry Typical defects observed in injection molding, their causes, and corresponding solutions Table 5 Typical defects observed in injection molding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... representing an older lot, which exhibited satisfactory performance properties, were also available for reference purposes. The clips were specified to be injection molded from an impact-modified grade of nylon 6/6. However, the part drawing did not indicate a specific resin. Investigation included visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... had been injection molded from an ABS resin to which regrind was routinely added. Inspection of both the failed covers and retained parts, which exhibited normal behavior during assembly, included visual inspection, micro-FTIR in the ATR mode, and analysis using DSC. The FTIR results indicated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of production parts. The mechanical hinges were specified to be injection molded from an impact-modified, 13% glass-fiber-reinforced nylon 6/6 resin. Investigation of samples representing the failed components and the original prototype parts included visual inspection, 118x SEM images, micro-FTIR, DSC analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract A number of plastic sleeves used in an automotive application cracked after assembly but prior to installation into the mating components. The sleeves were specified to be injection molded from a 20% glass-fiber-reinforced polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) resin. After molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Comparison of the conventional molding and scientific molding approaches as applied to the injection molding process Table 1 Comparison of the conventional molding and scientific molding approaches as applied to the injection molding process Injection Molding Process Conventional Molding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... been injection molded from a commercially available, medium-viscosity grade of PC, formulated with an ultraviolet stabilizer. In addition to the PC housing, the design of the switch included an external protective zinc component installed with a snap-fit and two retained copper press-fit contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... It also reviews plastic processing operations, including extrusion, injection molding, and thermoforming, and addresses related considerations such as melt viscosity and melt strength, crystallization, orientation, die swell, melt fracture, shrinkage, molded-in stress, and polymer degradation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... injection molded from a 30% glass-fiber and mineral-reinforced nylon 12 resin. Investigation, including visual inspection, 118x SEM images, 9x micrographs, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, micro-FTIR in the ATR mode, and TGA, supported the conclusion that the filter component failed as a result...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006919
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... mechanics for analyzing impact failures. It also develops and demonstrates the theory involved in the design and analysis of thin-walled, injection-molded plastic components. References References 1. Timoshenko S.P. , Strength of Materials , Van Nostrand Reinhold , 1958 , p 462 – 470...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Reaction injection molding None … Reduced impact as glass loading increases ++ 0.5 0.1 Low Slight Short or flake 20 + 2.0 0.3 Medium High Resinject (resin transfer molding) Very long glass 55 Glass bulk limits maximum + 12.5–27.5 1.8–4.0 High Low Foam polyurethane None...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Fig. 4 Four-cavity (2+2) family injection mold shown opened on the bench with molded parts from the mold in white ABS material. Photo courtesy of Quality Molding, Inc., Somerset, WI, USA Fig. 5 Rules for wall thickness and transitions in injection molded parts. Reprinted from Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of injection-molded plastic parts typically include: These are a few examples of QC tests that are frequently performed on molded parts. The designer and engineer define the types of inspections and sample sizes. All information is typically specified on production control drawings. Figure 16...