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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Military aircraft use a cartridge ignition system for emergency engine starts. Analysis of premature failures of steel (AISI 4340) breech chambers in which the solid propellant cartridges were burned identified corrosion as one problem with an indication that stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Cartridge-pneumatic starter systems are used on military aircraft. In the cartridge mode used for alert starts, the starter turbine is driven by hot gases produced through the controlled burning of a solid propellant cartridge within a closed chamber (the breech chamber/cartridge...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... the breaker panel was intentionally left off by the homeowner. Molten aluminum at approximately 593 °C (1100 °F) sputtered out of the service panel and ignited combustibles located on the floor below. Improper tightening was also the most probable cause in incident 3 and may have contributed to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... logical representation of a physical system or process. The use of modeling can be a very powerful tool for information pertaining to the reconstruction of an accident. Whether the modeling consists of simple mathematical modeling of a physical system or more complex computer modeling of a system or part...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... vessels in both systems as a result of laboratory tests on corrosion, stress corrosion, and impact ignition with N 2 O 4 . Qualification testing of the SPS pressure vessel for 46 days of exposure under a membrane stress of 690 MPa (100 ksi) was completed without problems in mid-1964. In January 1965, an...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the model can be a physical, mathematical, or logical representation of a physical system or process. accident reconstruction failure analysis modeling FAILURE ANALYSIS is generally defined as the investigation and analysis of parts or structures that have failed or appeared to have...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... subsequent investigation that the cylinder used by the operator for re-charging the receiver contained not air but oxygen the spontaneous ignition temperature of many petroleum derivatives is considerably lower than in air and contact of oxygen with organic or easily oxidised material such as oily or greasy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... installed. The third failure, later identified as a through-wall rupture in coil 6, occurred as attempts were again made to bring the system on line. During operation, burners were ignited on demand, causing the system to thermally cycle approximately two to four times per hour from a low thermal demand...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... investigation. Maneuvring of heavy trucks during parking or backing into loading/unloading docks is greatly facilitated by power-assisted steering. The load applied to the steering system is maximum at this time due to the scrubbing friction of the tires across a surface, often dry pavement. The geometry of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... excessive distortion in the cylinder head. Excessive stresses due to fastening of the bolt and subsequent influence on fatigue. Defects in cooling and lubricating systems of the engine. The material factors include: Non-conformance of the chemical composition with the specification...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Corrosion , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 761 – 795 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548 A fireball engulfed half of a drill rig while in the process of drilling a shot hole. The operator was able to activate the fire suppression system to...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... neutral and with the parking brake off, rolled into a propane storage yard in Truth or Consequences, N.M., and impacted the pumping and plumbing system beneath a large propane storage tank. The vapor-phase excess flow valve (EFV) fractured in the threads below the valve portion, leaving the actual valve...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 823 – 860 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553 In the fall of 1978, a natural gas pipeline ruptured, and subsequently, the escaping gas was ignited, apparently by a hot water heater pilot light in a nearby trailer park. The resultant fire burned for over...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... , “Energy Release Protection for Pressurized systems, Part I: Review of Studies into Blast and Fragmentation,” Appl. Mech. Rev. , Vol. 38 , No. 12 , 1985 . 7. Brown S.J. , “Energy Release Protection for Pressurized Systems, Part II: Review of Studies into Terminal Ballistics/Impact,” Appl...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... quantity can be ignited when released by the drilling of a hole. Fig. 3 Magnetite formation in bakers' oven tube Fig. 4 Characteristic flow pattern on lower side of corroded tube from bakers' oven A related form of attack is sometimes found in the tubes of cyclone type furnaces. These...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... purely mechanical tests. Microscopically, the fracture mode for SCC is usually different from the fracture mode for plane-strain fractures in the same alloy. There appears to be a threshold stress below which SCC does not occur, at least in some systems. The passage of time has not negated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of reliability and increased economic costs. A failure investigation can determine the primary cause(s) of materials, components, or system degradation. Based on the analysis, corrective action to mitigate or eliminate future failures can be initiated. Analysis of the failure always begins with the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fixed Equipment in the Refining Industry,” identifies five types of SCC (chloride, caustic, polythionic acid, wet H 2 S-SCC, and ammonia) experienced by crude units in petroleum refineries ( Fig. 2 , Ref 6 ). In industrial and residential plumbing systems, SCC can occur in brass plumbing components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2