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Heat-resistant steels

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... If the high temperature strength of these steels proved inadequate, an alloy lower in chromium would have been preferable. Annealing furnaces Cracking (fracturing) Heat resistant steels Sheet metal Sigma phase Fe-0.06C-1.98Si-25.8Cr-35.8Ni (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture Three...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract A recuperator for blast heating of a cupola furnace became unserviceable because of the brittle fracture of several finned tubes made of heat resistant cast steel containing 1.4C, 2.3Si and 28Cr. The service temperature was reported as 850 deg C. This led to the suspicion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Radiant tubes that failed prematurely in an ethylene cracking furnace were analyzed to determine the cause of their early demise. The tubes were made from austenitic heat-resistant steel and cracked along their longitudinal axis. New and used tubes were compared using scanning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
...Abstract Abstract A chain link which was part of the hoisting mechanism of a drop hammer broke after three or four months of service. It was reportedly manufactured of the heat resistant steel 30 Cr-Mo-V 9 (Material No. 1.7707). The fracture of the chain link had a conchoidal structure and ran...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... the coal in question, the pipes material should be a heat-resistant steel that contains more chromium and has greater resistance to hydrogen sulfide. Corrosion products Hydrogen sulfide Piping Chromium-molybdenum steel Hydrogen damage and embrittlement High-temperature corrosion and oxidation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was aided by internal carburization. Quality control of welding procedures and filler metal was recommended. Chemical processing equipment Chemical processing industry Chemical reactors Crack propagation Furnaces Heat-resistant steels Tubing Weld defects Welded joints HK-40 UNS J94204...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... “Specification for Free-Machining Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Bars, Hot Rolled or Cold Finished,” A582-88, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, ASTM. 2. Metals Handbook , 8th ed. , Vol. 2 , American Society for Metals , 1964 , p 245 . 3. Parr J.G. and Hanson A. , Stainless Steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... “ Standard Specification for Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Bars and Shapes ,” ASTM A 276–92 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards 8. Colombier L. , Hochmann J. : Aciers Inoxydables Aciers Refractaires . Dunod , Paris , 620 pages ( 1965 ) 9. Peckner D. , Bernstein I.M...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... may be attributed to the high operating temperature in which the tube was used. A slight difference was found between the hardnesses of the fireside and the rear of this section fireside, suggesting that corrosion attack on the former was stronger. Heat-resistant CrMo steels are typically used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... such as fatigue or stress-corrosion cracking. The cracking was not associated with regions that would be highly stressed and did not appear to be consistently correlated to casting imperfections, repair welds, or the associated heat-affected zones. The cast gear was a high-strength, low-ductility bronze. Cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...). The cracking was not associated with regions that would be highly stressed and did not appear to be consistently correlated to casting imperfections, repair welds, or the associated heat-affected zones. The cast gear was a high-strength, low-ductility bronze. Cracking across the gear face suggested bending...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... manganese steel after heat treating for 2 h at 1095 °C (2000 °F) and water quenching Fig. 31 Cast heat-resistant alloy HH, type II, showing the effects of long-term exposure to temperatures between 705 and 925 °C (1300 and 1700 °F) Fig. 32 Cast heat-resistant alloy HH, type II, showing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., “Standard Specification for Free-Machining Stainless and Heat Resisting Steel Bars, Hot-Rolled or Cold Finished,” American Society for Testing and Materials , West Conshohocken, PA , 1991 . 4. Anon: Heat Treating of Stainless Steels , Heat Treating , vol. 4 , ASM Handbook , ASM International...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... in austenitic stainless steels. Chlorides in the service environment were a contributory factor. The primary factor causing SCC localized at the electric resistant welds was substantial residual stresses as a result of fabrication procedures. It was recommended that the heat exchanger plates be subjected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... with a matching type 430 Ti weld filler or austenitic stainless steel alloy type 309. Postweld heat treatment of the HRSG economizer harp assemblies requires close control of resistance heater, insulation, and thermocouple placement. To ensure an adequately wide heated band around each tube-to-header weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... that the precipitation of carbides at the grain boundaries may have occurred because of improper heat treatment, but not because of a deficiency in composition. crusher jaws fracture embrittlement steel grainy surface texture metallographic analysis impact strength ASTM A 128 grade B-4 (austenitic manganese...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... interfere with the ability of the foundry to use the best techniques to produce reliable castings. Defect-free castings can be produced at a price. The multitude of process variables, such as molding mediums, binder, gating and risering, melting and ladle practice, pouring technique, and heat treatment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract The corner of a welded sheet construction made from austenitic corrosion-resistant chromium-nickel steel showed corrosive attack of the outer sheet. This attack was most severe at the points subjected to the greatest heat during welding. Particularly large amounts of weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... For example, three pieces of 4340 steel cut from the same plate and heat treated to strength levels of 896, 1241, and 1517 MPa (130, 180, and 220 ksi) exhibited K ISCC values of 122, 28.5, and 11.5 MPa m (111, 26, and 10.5 ksi in . ), respectively ( Ref 13 ). For austenitic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001705
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract The working fluid of a hypersonic wind tunnel is freon 14 heated in molten-metal-bath heat exchangers. The coils of the heaters have failed several times from various causes. They have been replaced each time with a stainless steel deemed more appropriate, but they continue...