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Heat exchangers, materials selection

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... confirmed the suitability of the nickel-chromium alloys for such an environment. Inconel 625 was selected for fabrication of a new preheater/exchanger. Heat exchangers, materials selection Incinerators, materials selection Internal oxidation Nickel-base alloys, corrosion Solvents, environment 309...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001700
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... may be a result of two possible scenarios; one being the deposition of iron from materials that had been used upstream, the other being deposition of iron oxides from materials that were corroding upstream from the heat exchanger. The deposits were considered corrosive to the copper tubing, and were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Data needed for analysis of failures in heat exchangers Table 1 Data needed for analysis of failures in heat exchangers Process name and function Unit name and function Material size, grade, and specification Sketches of unit, failures, or other particulars Environment (inside and out...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Data needed for analysis of failures in heat exchangers Table 1 Data needed for analysis of failures in heat exchangers Process name and function Unit name and function Material size, grade, specification Sketches of unit, failures or other particulars Environment (inside...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... and outlet legs of the heat exchanger. The other location was at the stop points on the identifying numerals. The material was changed to type 304L stainless steel, in which the zone-melting concentration does not take place. Selected References Selected References • Freeman S.R. , Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract A steam heated exchanger was designed for concentrating sulfuric acid. Tantalum was selected for the tubing and the tube sheet liner because of its outstanding corrosion resistance. However, although the exchanger passed a searching shop inspection, it leaked during site...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... is specified, and normally used, as the tubing material. However, if the metal loss was simply due to corrosion, then severe attack would be present on the entire length of the outer tubes and on the inside of the heat exchanger wall. This had not occurred, thus indicating that the metal loss was not solely...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., or as heat exchangers in various segments of the chemical and power generation industries. It covers the fundamental aspects of chemical corrosion and describes the corrosion resistance characteristics of specific classes of refractories and structural ceramics. The article also examines the prevention...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
..., the possibility of SCC in the material in the service environment would be significantly reduced. We recommended that the heat exchanger plates be subjected to stress-relief heat treatment following fabrication and welding. Selected References Selected References • Franco R.J. , Failures of Heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... surface of the tube. Both the ridgelike appearance of the damaged area and the undercut pitting indicate of impingement attack. Spectrochemical analysis of the tube confirmed that the material was copper alloy C44300 (arsenical admiralty metal). Fig. 1 Copper alloy C44300 heat-exchanger tube...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... to the cyclic stress imposed by the tubes. The cyclic stress arised from the thermal cycling of the heat exchanger. The possible effects of material properties on the failure of the tubesheet are discussed. Heat exchangers Tube sheet Welded joints Titanium cladding Carbon steel Galvanic corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of an incorrect electrode for the root pass as these electrodes are crack sensitive if overheated. The weld seam was completely ground out and replaced with the correct electrode material as a corrective measure. Heat exchanger tubes Integranular fracture Weld defects 316 UNS S31600 Joining-related...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... 461 . Selected References Selected References • Franco R.J. , Failures of Heat Exchangers , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1986 , p 628 – 642 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817 • Forms of Corrosion , Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , Materials Park ( 1992 ) Selected References Selected References • Franco R.J. , Failures of Heat Exchangers , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , Becker W.T. and Shipley R.J. , Ed., ASM International , 1986 , p 628 – 642 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v11...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... but stagnant condition existed at the inner elbow because of flow conditions dictated by the fluid dynamics. In conclusion, failure of the heat exchanger tube was by accelerated corrosion due to the presence of sulfides in the seawater. The selection of an alloy more resistant to sulfide polluted seawater...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... exchanger. The tee joint in the piping between the heat exchanger and the sieve bed failed after 12 months. A hole in the tee fitting and a corrosion product on the inner surface of the pitting was revealed by visual examination. Iron sulfide was revealed by chemical analysis of the scale which indicated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) in heat exchangers of cooling water system appears lacking, this study would be useful for the selection of suitable biocides/inhibitors in the control of CPB on scale in cooling water system. In the present investigation, scale from heat exchanger tubes was collected from a gas turbine power station...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Original magnification: 180× Welding Problems In the fabrication of pressure vessels, welding problems, such as brittle cracking in the heat-affected zone (HAZ), often result from the use of steels containing excessive amounts of residual alloy elements that increase hardenability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A heat exchanger made of a pipe in which oil was heated from the outside from approximately 90 deg C to 170 deg C, by superheated steam of about 8 to 10 atmospheres had developed a leak at the rolled joint of the pipe and pipe bottom. The pipes were supposed to be made from St...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A heat exchanger failed five years after going into service in an ammonia synthesis plant. Its container, made of Cr-Mo alloy steel (Material No. 1.7362), operated in an environment that did not exceed 400 deg C or 600 atm of hydrogen partial pressure. X-ray examination...