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Heat distributing units

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... upon formation of tight oxide layers are not stable. Heat distributing units Heating coils Overheating 80Ni-20Cr High-temperature corrosion and oxidation A coil made of the nickel-chromium alloy NiCr 80 20 (Material No. 2.4869) with approx. 80 % Ni and 20% Cr had burnt through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... mode of the cracking was probably due to the torsional stresses which would be imposed on the elbow by thermally induced movements of the coil in service. Dezincification Heat distributing units Steam Stresses Torsion 60Cu-40Zn 70Cu-30Zn 80Cu-20Zn Dealloying/selective leaching...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... distributing units Heating coils Vessels 18Cr-8Ni-3Mo Stress-corrosion cracking Transgranular fracture This case study concerns a process vessel heating coil, which was fabricated from 3 in. O.D. × 12 s.w.g. austenitic stainless steel. The coil consisted of several 3 ft. diameter turns...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... not been carried out as specified. It was recommended that the sheathing material be fully annealed and that the outer surface be pickled and passivated. Electric heating elements Heat-distributing units Marine atmospheres Nuclear reactor components Sheaths 304L UNS S30403 Stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A failure analysis was conducted on brass alloy 270 heat exchanger tubes that were pulled from a unit used to cool oil for the speed regulators and thrust bearings of a hydroelectric power plant. The tubes began to leak after approximately 5.5 years of service. Macrophotography...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... close to the outlet header. The location is indicated on Fig. 1 . Fig. 3 Skid-mounted hydrogen production units, Belgium The crack was in the heat-affected zone of the weld and had developed parallel to the weld (along the fusion line). The crack appeared to be brittle. A micrograph...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of a medium carbon steel aged at constant temperature, showing the effect of temperature during aging Fig. 4 Details of the metallographic examination of the specimen cut from the curved tube shown in Fig. 3 Fig. 5 Metallographic examination of the carbon steel of the base metal and heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Tawancy H.M. , Failure of hydrocracker heat exchanger tubes in an oil refinery by polythionic acid-stress corrosion cracking . Eng. Fail. Anal. 16 , 2091 – 2097 ( 2009 ) 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2009.02.002 5. ASM . Failure Analysis and Prevention . Metals Handbook , vol. 10 , 8th edn...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... plastically deformed while two of the deformed leafs did not meet minimal hardness or tensile requirements. Liquid penetrant testing revealed no cracks or other surface discontinuities on the leaf springs. Material sectioned from the soft spring leafs was heat-treated according to specifications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was attributed to insufficient component thickness, which made the dashpot unable to withstand internal operating pressure, and to extensive annealing in the heat-affected zones of the brazed joints. It was recommended that the condenser dashpot design take into account the annealing effects of brazing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... to identify any gas contaminant or pressure transient that might lead to porosity. Two welds were made with increased heat input, accomplished through placing a second closure weld on top of the first weld, to maximize the likelihood of detecting any contaminant released by the heat associated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract Gross wastage and embrittlement were observed in plain carbon steel desuperheaters in five new Naval power plants. The gross wastage could be duplicated in laboratory bomb tests using sodium hydroxide solutions and was concluded to be caused by free caustic concentrated by high heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... records that the ring had been removed for hydrotest and welded without any postweld heat treatment. The final cause of failure was concluded to be cracking that developed during the installation of the new shroud ring. Stress-relief heat treatments were recommended to be performed to reduce residual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the thinness of the shroud and its relatively large surface, the extraction of heat (direction of heat flow, temperature gradient, and the rate of solidification) directional solidification process and the formation of columnar grains (which intersect the thickness of the shroud) 2 . The orientation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and cool oil makes it possible to load gear surfaces to stresses approaching the critical limit of the gear metal without failure of the lubricating film. The maximum load that can be carried by gear teeth also depends on the velocity of sliding between the surfaces, because the heat generated varies...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... for smaller fluid systems. Heat exchangers are usually separate units but can sometimes be incorporated as components in larger thermal systems. In selecting materials for heat exchangers, corrosion resistance, mechanical properties (e.g., strength), thermal properties (e.g., heat conduction), and cost...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to have excellent notch toughness, which is in anomaly compared with other high strength steels. Tempered martensitic microstructure (see Fig. 3a ) revealed by metallography on gearbox shaft materials suggests that the shaft was heat treated. The circumferential geometrical discontinuity in the gearbox...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... contaminated (radioactive) environments, tight quarters, stringent quality controls on nuclear safety-related piping, and the need to remove and reinstall insulation and heat tracing cables. In addition, the replacement could have extended the unit refueling outage. Had this been necessary, the increased...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the corners and the character of the failures suggest high thermal strains particularly near the corners. The hot side of the tubes would be expected to expand while the buckstay attachment weld on the cold side would act as a heat sink. This thermal difference would cause a tensile stress on the inside...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to be an increase in service stresses after bearing replacement along with the presence of nonmetallic inclusions in the shaft. References References 1. Chandler H. : Heat Treater’s Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons and Steels , 2nd ed. , ASM International , Materials Park, OH , 1995...