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Gray iron

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0047328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... operating stress was needed to cause cracks. No cracks appeared when corrosion inhibitor was added to the cooling water. Corrosion prevention Inhibitors Water chemistry Gray iron Corrosion fatigue On cylinder inserts from a water-cooled locomotive diesel engine, cracks formed on the water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
..., and phosphorus. The high sulfur content is attributed to ferrous sulfide from a sulfate reducing bacteria frequently associated with clay soils. Reinforced coal tar protective coating was recommended. Bacteria Clay (material) Porosity Residues Soils (types) Gray iron Dealloying/selective leaching...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0089567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... Abstract A paper drier head manufactured from gray cast iron was removed from service as a result of NDE detection of crack-like surface discontinuities. This component was subjected to internal steam pressure to provide heat energy for drying. Investigation (visual inspection, chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0089526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract A gray iron cylinder head cracked after approximately 16,000 km of service. The head was cracked on the rocker arm pan rail next to the No. 3 intake port and extended into the water jacket on the rocker-arm side of the head. Microporosity was revealed in the crack in the sections taken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Deterioration of the vanes and a wearing away of the area surrounding the mainshaft-bearing housing of the pump bowl for a submersible water pump used in a well field were noticed during a maintenance inspection. The bowl was sand cast from gray iron and had been in service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A sand-cast gray iron flanged nut was used to adjust the upper roll on a 3.05 m (10 ft) pyramid-type plate-bending machine. The flange broke away from the body of the nut during service. Analysis (visual inspection and 150x micrographs of sections etched with nital) supported...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Door-closer cylinder castings manufactured of class 30 gray iron were breaking during machining. The manufacturing source reported that a random sampling of castings from this lot had hardnesses from 180 to 210 HRB. Based on the color of the components, heat treatment of these castings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0048804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... Abstract Several cases of failures in gray cast iron paper machine dryer rolls were evaluated. The rolls were found have ground outer cylindrical surfaces on which the paper web is dried. They were found to rotate about their longitudinal axes at speeds from 50 to 250 rpm while containing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0089617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract A forged 4130 steel cylindrical permanent mold, used for centrifugal casting of gray- and ductile-iron pipe, was examined after pulling of the pipe became increasingly difficult. In operation, the mold rotated at a predetermined speed in a centrifugal casting machine while the molten...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Microstructures of the gray-iron drier head shown in Fig. 16. (a) Typical graphite distribution in the casting—type A, size 4 graphite. As-polished. 54x. (b) The matrix microstructure consists of ferrite with approximately 10% pearlite and 15% steadite. Etched with nital. 54x. (c More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Views of a failed gray iron water pipe. (a) Outside surface of pipe at the region of the side-wall hole. 0.2x. (b) Close-up of hole from the outside. 0.4x. (c) Outside surface of the pipe 180 ° from the hole. 0.2x. (d) Close-up of hole from inside. 0.5x. (e) Section of pipe at hole area More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Crack in a gray-iron cylinder head. (a) Crack on side of head next to manifold No. 3. (b) Another view of the same crack, which ends at the water jacket vent plug. Both 0.5× More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Sand-cast gray iron pump bowl that failed due to graphitic corrosion and erosion. (a) Section through the pump bowl. (b) and (c) Macrographs of sections through the corroded areas in the pump shell and vane, respectively, showing graphitic residue not eroded by the action of water More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Sand-cast gray iron flanged nut that failed by brittle fracture. (a) Flanged nut, which was used to adjust a plate-bending roll, and the flange that fractured from the body. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Micrograph of a specimen from the flange showing coarse pearlite matrix, large More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Failed gray iron door-closer cylinder. (a) Overall view showing positions of fractures. 0.3x. (b) Parting line that was cracked on another casting. 1.5x More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0047220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract Two oil-pump gears broke after four months of service in a gas compressor that operated at 1000 rpm and provided a discharge pressure of 7240 kPa (1050 psi). The compressor ran intermittently with sudden starts and stops. The large gear was sand cast from class 40 gray iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... through the defect indicated shrinkage porosity. This defect was found to interconnect the water jacket and the exhaust gas flow chamber. No cracks were found by magnetic-particle inspection. The gray iron cylinder head had a hardness of 229 HRB on the surface of the bottom deck. The microstructure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001375
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of reduced wall thickness. Abstract Three sprinkler system dry pipe valve castings (class 30 gray iron), two that had failed in service and one that had been rejected during machining because of porosity, were submitted for examination. The two failures consisted of cracks in a seating face. All...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0048250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... shaft. The worm and the worm gear were made of leaded cold-drawn 1113 steel and class 35-40 gray iron (nitrided in an aerated salt bath) respectively. The gearbox was found to contain fragments of the worm teeth and shavings that resembled steel wool. More than half of the worm teeth were revealed...